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Ohio

CAIR Reduces Ohio’s Emissions

  • By 2015, CAIR will help Ohio sources reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) by 968,000 tons or 82%
SO2 Emissions (thousand tons) 2003 2010 2015
Ohio SO2 emissions without CAIR 1,176 1,373 1,064
Ohio SO2 emissions with CAIR N/A 298 208
  • By 2015 CAIR will help Ohio sources reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) by 272,000 tons or 77%
NOx Emissions (thousand tons) 2003 2009 2015
Ohio NOx emissions without CAIR 355 264 274
Ohio NOx emissions with CAIR N/A 93 83

CAIR Helps Ohio and its Neighbors

  • Because air emissions travel across state boundaries, reducing the emissions from sources in Ohio also will reduce fine particle pollution and ground-level ozone pollution in other areas of the country.
  • Currently, Ohio sources significantly contribute to fine particle pollution in the following 15 states and the District of Columbia:
        Maryland, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Delaware, New York, Michigan, West Virginia, Georgia, Kentucky, Alabama, North Carolina, Tennessee & Illinois
  • Ohio sources also significantly contribute to ground-level ozone pollution in the following 9 states and the District of Columbia:
        Maryland, New Jersey, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Rhode Island, Delaware, New York & Michigan
  • Ohio’s fine particle air quality will improve because of reductions of SO2 and NOx in:
        Alabama, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Pennsylvania, Tennessee & West Virginia
  • Ohio’s ground-level ozone air quality will improve because of reductions of NOx in:
        Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan & Missouri

CAIR Makes Ohio’s Air Cleaner

  • CAIR helps Ohio meet and maintain the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone and fine particle pollution.
  • SO2 and NOx contribute to the formation of fine particles (PM) and NOx contributes to the formation of ground-level ozone.
  • Areas meeting the NAAQS are in attainment. Those areas not meeting the standards are known as “nonattainment areas”.

    Fine Particle Pollution

    • 27 Ohio counties were designated nonattainment for EPA’s health-based standards for fine particle pollution (PM).
    • CAIR will help bring the following 5 counties into attainment for fine particles by 2010:
          1. Clark County Dayton-Springfield, OH Area
          2. Greene County Dayton-Springfield, OH Area
          3. Montgomery County Dayton-Springfield, OH Area
          4. Washington County Parkersburg-Marietta, WV-OH Area
          5. Belmont County Wheeling, WV-OH Area
    • CAIR will help bring another 6 counties into attainment by 2015:
          1. Stark County Canton-Massillon, OH Area
          2. Coshocton County (P) Columbus, OH Area
          3. Delaware County Columbus, OH Area
          4. Fairfield County Columbus, OH Area
          5. Franklin County Columbus, OH Area
          6. Licking County Columbus, OH Area
    • CAIR will significantly reduce PM levels in the 16 remaining non-attainment counties:
          1. Adams County (P) Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
          2. Gallia County (P) Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
          3. Lawrence County Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
          4. Scioto County Huntington-Ashland, WV-KY-OH
          5. Jefferson County Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV
          6. Butler County Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN
          7. Clermont County Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN
          8. Hamilton County Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN
          9. Warren County Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN
          10. Ashtabula County (P) Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH
          11. Cuyahoga County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH
          12. Lake County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH
          13. Lorain County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH
          14. Medina County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH
          15. Portage County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH
          16. Summit County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH

    Ground-level Ozone

    • At the end of 2004, 33 Ohio counties were designated nonattainment for EPA’s health-based standards for 8-hour ozone pollution.
    • Existing Clean Air Act Programs will bring all of these counties into attainment
      25 by 2010:
          1. Stark County Canton-Massillon, OH Area
          2. Butler County Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Area
          3. Clermont County Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Area
          4. Clinton County Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Area
          5. Hamilton County Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Area
          6. Warren County Cincinnati-Hamilton, OH-KY-IN Area
          7. Delaware County Columbus, OH Area
          8. Fairfield County Columbus, OH Area
          9. Franklin County Columbus, OH Area
          10. Knox County Columbus, OH Area
          11. Licking County Columbus, OH Area
          12. Madison County Columbus, OH Area
          13. Clark County Dayton-Springfield, OH Area
          14. Greene County Dayton-Springfield, OH Area
          15. Miami County Dayton-Springfield, OH Area
          16. Montgomery County Dayton-Springfield, OH Area
          17. Allen County Lima, OH Area
          18. Washington County Parkersburg-Marietta, WV-OH Area
          19. Jefferson County Steubenville-Weirton, OH-WV Area
          20. Lucas County Youngstown-Warren-Sharon, PA-OH Area
          21. Wood County Toledo, OH Area
          22. Belmont County Wheeling, WV-OH Area
          23. Columbiana County Youngstown-Warren-Sharon, PA-OH Area
          24. Mahoning County Youngstown-Warren-Sharon, PA-OH Area
          25. Trumbull County Youngstown-Warren-Sharon, PA-OH Area
          and 8 by 2015:
          1. Ashtabula County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Area
          2. Cuyahoga County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Area
          3. Geauga County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Area
          4. Lake County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Area
          5. Lorain County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Area
          6. Medina County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Area
          7. Portage County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Area
          8. Summit County Cleveland-Akron-Lorain, OH Area

CAIR Is Smart for Ohio’s Economy

  • CAIR helps maintain coal as a viable fuel/energy source, keeping jobs in Ohio.
  • Regional electricity prices are not significantly impacted by CAIR.
Average Retail Electricity Prices (AREP) in 1999 dollars 2000 2010 2015
Ohio’s AREP without CAIR (mills/kWh*) 57.4 51.7 55.2
Ohio’s AREP with CAIR (mills/kWh*) N/A 53.7 58.6
    *mill = 1/10 of a cent

Notes:
1) Partial counties are identified by (P) following the county name.
2) Projections concerning future levels of air pollution in specific geographic locations were estimated using the best scientific models available. They are estimations, however, and should be characterized as such in any description. Actual results may vary significantly if any of the factors that influence air quality differ from the assumed values used in the projections shown here.
3) Small emission increases can occur in a State under CAIR where shifts in power generation occur, but overall improvements occur throughout the CAIR region. The Final CAIR includes a compliance supplement pool of NOx allowances (roughly 200,000 allowances) for the annual program, which could lead to slightly higher annual NOx emissions than are stated here.
4) The data presented here is based on recently completed, revised IPM modeling, reflecting CAIR as finalized. This recent data may differ slightly from modeling results in the Final CAIR Federal Register Notice and RIA which were based on modeling that was completed before EPA had determined the final scope of CAIR. The primary difference in the earlier modeling included AR, DE, and NJ in the annual SO2/NOx requirements, and did not include an ozone season cap on any states.
5) Emissions reductions take into account state and federal pollution control programs in place when EPA last updated its models in mid-2004. Reductions from more recent state programs or settlement actions are not reflected in these tables.
6) Retail electricity prices are by NERC region.

 


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