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SDWA: Imports of Plumbing Products

The Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) requires that “lead free” plumbing fixtures (including faucets), fittings, solder, flux, pipes, and pipe fittings be used in public water systems and in plumbing that carries water for human consumption in residential and non-residential facilities. The SDWA directs states to enforce these requirements through their plumbing codes, or other appropriate means.

You also may want to visit EPA's International Import/Export page for information on other import requirements.

Imports and Exports of Plumbing Products

Section 1417(a)(3) of the SDWA makes it unlawful for any person to introduce into commerce the plumbing items listed above if they are not lead free. Section 1417(d) defines “lead free” as:

  1. Solders and flux that do not contain more than 0.2 percent lead;
  2. Pipes and pipe fittings that do not contain more than 8 percent lead; and
  3. Plumbing fittings and fixtures (including faucets) that are tested and certified in compliance with the American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/National Sanitation Foundation International (NSF) Standard 61, Section 9.

Information on the Safe Drinking Water Act and the NSF Standard

For more information contact the EPA Safe Water Hotline at 1-800-426-4791.

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