Jump to main content.


Acifluorfen, sodium (CASRN 62476-59-9)

IRIS
List of IRIS Substances




view QuickView

Main Contents

Go

0192

Acifluorfen, sodium; CASRN 62476-59-9

Human health assessment information on a chemical substance is included in the IRIS database only after a comprehensive review of toxicity data, as outlined in the IRIS assessment development process. Sections I (Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinogenic Effects) and II (Carcinogenicity Assessment for Lifetime Exposure) present the conclusions that were reached during the assessment development process. Supporting information and explanations of the methods used to derive the values given in IRIS are provided in the guidance documents located on the IRIS website.

STATUS OF DATA FOR Acifluorfen, sodium

File First On-Line 03/31/1987

Category (section)
Status
Last Revised
Oral RfD Assessment (I.A.) on-line 12/01/1988
Inhalation RfC Assessment (I.B.) no data
Carcinogenicity Assessment (II.) no data 11/01/1993

_I.  Chronic Health Hazard Assessments for Noncarcinogenic Effects

_I.A. Reference Dose for Chronic Oral Exposure (RfD)

Substance Name — Acifluorfen, sodium
CASRN — 62476-59-9
Primary Synonym — Tackle
Last Revised — 12/01/1988

The oral Reference Dose (RfD) is based on the assumption that thresholds exist for certain toxic effects such as cellular necrosis. It is expressed in units of mg/kg-day. In general, the RfD is an estimate (with uncertainty spanning perhaps an order of magnitude) of a daily exposure to the human population (including sensitive subgroups) that is likely to be without an appreciable risk of deleterious effects during a lifetime. Please refer to the Background Document for an elaboration of these concepts. RfDs can also be derived for the noncarcinogenic health effects of substances that are also carcinogens. Therefore, it is essential to refer to other sources of information concerning the carcinogenicity of this substance. If the U.S. EPA has evaluated this substance for potential human carcinogenicity, a summary of that evaluation will be contained in Section II of this file.

__I.A.1. Oral RfD Summary

Critical Effect
Experimental Doses*
UF
MF
RfD

Mortality and kidney
lesions

2-Generation Reproduction
Rat Study

Rhone-Poulenc, Inc.,
1986

NOEL: 25 ppm(diet)
(1.25 mg/kg/day)

LEL: 500 ppm (diet)
(25 mg/kg/day)

100
1
1.3E-2
mg/kg/day

*Conversion Factors -- 1 ppm = 0.05 mg/kg/day (assumed rat food consumption)

__I.A.2. Principal and Supporting Studies (Oral RfD)

Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 1986. MRID No. 00147978, 00155548. Available from EPA. Write to FOI, EPA, Washington, DC 20460.

The test material, technical grade tackle, was prepared weekly on a weight- per-weight basis to yield tackle concentrations of 0, 25, 500 and 2500 ppm. Diets were administered ad libitum to groups of 35 P1 rats/sex beginning at 47 days of age and continuing until sacrifice, and to groups of 40 F1 rats from weaning until sacrifice. The LEL and NOEL for parental toxicity of tackle was assessed at 500 ppm and 25 ppm, respectively, based on compound-related mortalities and increased incidence of kidney lesions at the 500 and 2500 ppm doses, and reduced body weights at the 2500-ppm dose. The LEL and NOEL for offspring toxicity were assessed at 500 ppm and 25 ppm, respectively, based on decreased viability and increased incidence of kidney lesions at the 500 and 2500 ppm doses, and reduced body weight at the 2500-ppm dose.

__I.A.3. Uncertainty and Modifying Factors (Oral RfD)

UF — An uncertainty factor of 100 was used to account for the inter- and intraspecies differences.

MF — None

__I.A.4. Additional Studies/Comments (Oral RfD)

None

Data Considered for Establishing the RfD:

1) 2-Generation Reproduction - rat: Principal study - see previous description; core grade minimum

2) 2-Year Feeding - dog: NOEL=300 ppm (7.5 mg/kg/day); LEL=4500 ppm (112.5 mg/kg/day) (increased leukocyte and platelet counts in males; decreased mean calcium, cholesterol and creatinine values in females); core grade supplementary (Rhone-Poulenc, Inc., 1983a)

3) 2-Year Feeding (oncogenic) - rat: NOEL=500 ppm (25 mg/kg/day); LEL=2500 ppm (elevated BUN and creatinine values in males and females; nephritis, pyelonephritis, and glomerulonephritis in males); core grade supplementary (Rhone-Poulenc, Inc., 1983b)

4) Teratology - rabbit: Maternal NOEL=36 mg/kg/day (HDT); Fetotoxic NOEL=36 mg/kg/day (HDT); Teratogenic NOEL=36 mg/kg/day (HDT); core grade minimum (Rhone-Poulenc, Inc., 1980)

5) Teratology - rat: Maternal NOEL=90 mg/kg/day; Maternal LEL=180 mg/kg/day (HDT) (lower body weight); Fetotoxic NOEL=20 mg/kg/day (LDT); Fetotoxic LEL=90 mg/kg/day (reduced fetal weight); Teratogenic NOEL=180 mg/kg/day (HDT); core grade guideline (Rhone-Poulenc, Inc., 1981)

Data Gap(s): Chronic Dog Feeding Study

__I.A.5. Confidence in the Oral RfD

Study — Medium
Database — Medium
RfD — Medium

The principal study is of fair quality and is given a medium confidence rating. Several supporting studies exist, but the database on chronic toxicity is incomplete; thus, the database is given a medium confidence rating. Medium confidence in the RfD follows.

__I.A.6. EPA Documentation and Review of the Oral RfD

Pesticide Registration Files

Agency Work Group Review — 09/29/1986, 12/16/1986

Verification Date — 12/16/1986

Screening-Level Literature Review Findings — A screening-level review conducted by an EPA contractor of the more recent toxicology literature pertinent to the RfD for Acifluorfen, sodium, conducted in November 2001 did not identify any critical new studies. IRIS users who know of important new studies may provide that information to the IRIS Hotline at hotline.iris@epa.gov or (202)566-1676.

__I.A.7. EPA Contacts (Oral RfD)

Please contact the IRIS Hotline for all questions concerning this assessment or IRIS, in general, at (202)566-1676 (phone), (202)566-1749 (FAX) or hotline.iris@epa.gov (internet address).

Top of page


_I.B. Reference Concentration for Chronic Inhalation Exposure (RfC)

Substance Name — Acifluorfen, sodium
CASRN — 62476-59-9
Primary Synonym — Tackle

Not available at this time.

Top of page


_II.  Carcinogenicity Assessment for Lifetime Exposure

Substance Name — Acifluorfen, sodium
CASRN — 62476-59-9
Primary Synonym — Tackle

Not available at this time.

Top of page


_III.  [reserved]
_IV.  [reserved]
_V.  [reserved]


_VI.  Bibliography

Substance Name — Acifluorfen, sodium
CASRN — 62476-59-9
Primary Synonym — Tackle
Last Revised — 10/01/1990

_VI.A. Oral RfD References

Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 1980. MRID No. 00122744. Available from EPA. Write to FOI, EPA, Washington, D.C. 20460.

Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 1981. MRID No. 00122743. Available from EPA. Write to FOI, EPA, Washington, D.C. 20460.

Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 1983a. MRID No. 00122735, 00131162. Available from EPA. Write to FOI, EPA, Washington, D.C. 20460.

Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 1983b. MRID No. 00128353. Available from EPA. Write to FOI, EPA, Washington, D.C. 20460.

Rhone-Poulenc, Inc. 1986. MRID No. 00147978, 00155548. Available from EPA. Write to FOI, EPA, Washington, D.C. 20460.

Top of page


_VI.B. Inhalation RfD References

None

Top of page


_VI.C. Carcinogenicity Assessment References

None

Top of page


_VII.  Revision History

Substance Name — Acifluorfen, sodium
CASRN — 62476-59-9
Primary Synonym — Tackle

Date
Section
Description
12/01/1988 I.A.2. Text revised
11/01/1989 VI. Bibliography on-line
10/01/1990 III.A. Health Advisory on-line
10/01/1990 VI.D. Health Advisory references added
11/01/1993 II. Work group review date added
08/01/1995 II. EPA's RfD/RfC and CRAVE workgroups were discontinued in May, 1995. Chemical substance reviews that were not completed by September 1995 were taken out of IRIS review. The IRIS Pilot Program replaced the workgroup functions beginning in September, 1995.
04/01/1997 III., IV., V. Drinking Water Health Advisories, EPA Regulatory Actions, and Supplementary Data were removed from IRIS on or before April 1997. IRIS users were directed to the appropriate EPA Program Offices for this information.
12/03/2002 I.A.6. Screening-Level Literature Review Findings message has been added.

Top of page


_VIII.  Synonyms

Substance Name — Acifluorfen, sodium
CASRN — 62476-59-9
Primary Synonym — Tackle
Last Revised — 03/31/1987

Top of page

Recent Additions | Search IRIS | IRIS Home | NCEA Home | ORD Home


Jump to main content.