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Land Risk Management Research

Materials Management

Introduction

Materials Management research advances the scientific foundation and provides innovative solutions for managing municipal, industrial, biological, and emerging wastes and materials. It includes research on both traditional wastes and emerging materials, such as nanomaterials. Land research provides technology and solutions for minimizing environmental risks from materials as they are used, reused, recycled, and ultimately disposed of on land.

Environmental Issue or Problem

Residential and industrial use of materials is very large and increasing with population and economic growth. Energy and water use accompany materials use. EPA estimates that in 2009, Americans generated about 243 million tons of trash. Materials use now challenges the capacity of the land, as well as air and water, to withstand the many resulting environmental problems and affects many other aspects of our future, such as the economy, energy and climate.

Research Approach

Waste and materials management is a land research core competency. Land risk management research advances the scientific foundation of and provides innovative solutions for managing municipal, industrial, biological, and emerging wastes and materials. Our pioneering research in this area includes both traditional wastes and emerging materials such as nanomaterials. This research provides technology and solutions for minimizing environmental risks from materials as they are used, reused, recycled, and ultimately land-disposed. This core competency integrates the multi-disciplinary expertise of chemical and environmental engineers, environmental scientists, soil scientists, analytical chemists, hydrogeologists, and microbiologists engaged in an array of materials research activities.

Partners

  • EPA: Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER), EPA Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP), Office of Water (OW), Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxic Substances (OPPTS), EPA Regions 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, and 10
  • State Agencies: State Departments of Health and Environmental Protection, Interstate Technology and Regulatory Council (ITRC)
  • Other Federal Agencies: U.S. Dept. of Defense (DOD), U.S. Dept. of Energy (DOE), U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), U.S. Dept. of Agriculture (USDA)
  • Academia: National Academy of Science, University of Wisconsin, University of Florida, University of Florida, University of Arizona, University of Kentucky, University of Washington, Dartmouth
  • Businesses: Waste Management, Inc. (WM), U.S. Gypsom, Georgia-Pacific, Severn Trent, Graver Tech, Alcan Ind.
  • Other: Advanced Photon Source of Argonne National Laboratory, Polk County Solid Waste Division (Florida), Florida Center for Solid and Hazardous Waste Management, Pima-Maricopa Indian Community (Arizona), Fats and Proteins Research Foundation, Edgewood Chemical Biological Center, CSIRO-Australia, Desert Research Institute

Projects

Research projects include:

  • Contaminant identification and waste characterization such as speciation of organics and inorganics, mobility and leaching, bioavailability, materials reuse scenarios, and nanomaterials
  • Mitigation, management, and long-term stewardship of waste storage and disposal sites
  • Waste treatment and disposal research, such as bioreactor landfills, mining waste, municipal wastewater treatment plant residuals containing pathogenic microorganisms and emerging chemicals, biosolids treatment, and land application

Capture of renewable energy is a key element of such operations. Our researchers’ skills will also be used to assist during response and recovery from natural disasters, such as in debris removal.

Selected Publications

Scheckel, K.G. and R.G. Ford. (2010). “Role of Synchrotron Techniques in U.S. EPA Regulatory and Remediation Decisions.” Chapter 6 in Developments in Soil Science. Edited by B. Singh and M. Grafe. 34: 147–169.

Tolaymat, T.M., R. Green, G. Hater, M. Barlaz, P. Black, D. Bronson, and J. Powell. (2010). “Evaluation of Landfill Gas Decay Constant for Municipal Solid Waste Landfills Operated as Bioreactors.” J. Air Waste Management, 60, 1: 91–97.

Choi, H., S.R. Al-Abed, and S. Agarwal. (2009). “Catalytic Role of Palladium and Relative Reactivity of Substituted Chlorines During Adsorption and Treatment of PCBs on Reactive Activated Carbon.” Environmental Science and Technology, 43, 19: 7510–7515.

Joo, S., S.R. Al-Abed, and T. Luxton. (2009). “Influence of Carboxymethyl Cellulose for the Transport of Titanium Dioxide Nanoparticles in Clean Silica and Mineral-Coated Sands.” Environmental Science and Technology, 43, 13: 4954–4959.

Landfill Bioreactor Performance, Second Interim Report, Outer Loop Recycling and Disposal Facility, Louisville, Kentucky (EPA/600/R-07/060) September 2006

Contact

Roger Yeardley, Technology Transfer Specialist
513-569-7548
U.S. EPA National Risk Management Research Laboratory
Land Remediation and Pollution Control Division
26 W. Martin Luther King Dr.
Mail Code: 190
Cincinnati, OH 45268

Risk Mangement Research | Air and Climate Change Research | Water Research | Ecosystems Restoration Research | Land Risk Management Research | Technology: Sustainable Technologies Research, Environmental Technology Verification Program (ETV), and Technology Assessments

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