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Oil Spills

The top priority of EPA’s Emergency Management Program is to prevent, prepare for, and respond to oil spills that occur in and around inland waters of the United States. EPA is the lead federal response agency for oil spills occurring in inland waters, and the U.S. Coast Guard is the lead response agency for spills in coastal waters and deepwater ports.

Facility Response Plan (FRP) Rule

A Facility Response Plan (FRP) demonstrates a facility's preparedness to respond to a worst case oil discharge. Under the Clean Water Act, as amended by the Oil Pollution Act, certain facilities that store and use oil are required to prepare and submit these plans. As part of the Oil Pollution Prevention regulation, the FRP rule addresses:

The FRP rule was published on July 1, 1994, and codified at 40 CFR 112.20 and 112.21, including Appendices B through F. Several revisions to the FRP rule were considered or finalized, including differentiated requirements for animal fats and vegetable oils in 2000.

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