Biofuels Compendium - Ethanol - Handling
These resources provide information on handling of ethanol-blended fuels. For other ethanol topics, please visit the biofuels compendium ethanol page or select a different subject area from the Quick Links menu on the right.
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- Advisory Guidance: Emergency Response Involving Ethanol and Gasoline Fuel Mixtures (PDF) (2 pp, 361K, About PDF)
This fact sheet, developed by the U.S. Department of Transportation's Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration, presents information on safety procedures and chemical properties of ethanol blends.
- APEA Guidance on Storage and Dispensing of High Blend Ethanol Fuels including E85 at Filling Stations (PDF) (15 pp, 131K, About PDF)
This guide, developed by the Association for Petroleum and Explosives Administration (APEA), presents comprehensive information on ethanol standards, equipment compatibility and conversion, and handling and safety. Some guidance presented specifically pertains to United Kingdom and European Union stakeholders.
- Biofuels: Release Prevention, Environmental Behavior, and Remediation (PDF) (157 pp, 3.5MB, About PDF)
This Interstate Technology Regulatory Council Technical/Regulatory Guidance document covers a broad spectrum of issues about biofuels. Sections 2.1 and 2.2 cover the handling of ethanol with an emphasis on places along the ethanol supply chain where releases could occur. Section 2.3 covers release prevention recommendations for ethanol.
- Clean Air Program: Summary Assessment of the Safety, Health, Environmental and System Risks of Alternative Fuel (PDF) (145 pp, 2.4MB, About PDF)
Prepared by the U.S. Department of Transportation, this report presents the results of studies on the environmental, human health, and safety impacts of the use of alternative fuels including ethanol, biodiesel, methanol, propane, and others.
- E15 Retailer Handbook (PDF) (44 pp, 2.1MB, About PDF)
This Renewable Fuels Association handbook covers industry guidelines, specifications, and procedures for retail operations.
- E85 Fuel Ethanol: Industry Guidelines, Specifications, and Procedures (PDF) (26 pp, 236K, About PDF)
This guide, developed by the Renewable Fuels Association, presents comprehensive information on ethanol standards, equipment compatibility and conversion, handling and safety, quality assurance, and tax incentives. (See page 23)
- Handbook for Handling, Storing, and Dispensing E85 (PDF) (31 pp, 2.1MB, About PDF)
Developed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, this handbook provides extensive information on standards, storing, health and safety, and other topics relating to E85. (See pages 13-17)
- Health and Environmental Assessment of the Use of Ethanol as a Fuel Oxygenate: Volume 4: Potential Ground and Surface Water Impacts
The fourth volume in a five-volume report prepared for the California Environmental Policy Council, this comprehensive report includes detailed reports on the fate and transport of ethanol in the environment, remediation, and handling ethanol. (See Chapter 1: Potential Scenarios for Ethanol-Containing Gasoline Released into Surface and Subsurface Waters)
- Health, Environmental, and Economic Impacts of Adding Ethanol to Gasoline in the Northeast States, Volume 3: Water Resources and Associated Health Impacts (PDF) (129 pp, 1.4MB, About PDF)
This third volume of a report prepared by the New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission presents an analysis of the water resource and public health impacts associated with the use of ethanol as a gasoline oxygenate in the Northeast states. Handling and storage, fate and transport mechanisms, and remediation technologies are discussed. (See pages 8-10 and 55-80)
- Keeping Water Out of Your Storage System (PDF) (13 pp, 192K, About PDF)
Prepared by the Steel Tank Institute, this resource discusses ways in which water can enter an underground storage tank (UST) system, economic impacts of water intrusion, and methods for protecting UST systems against water intrusion. Microbial contamination and other issues relating to storing ethanol- and biodiesel-blends are discussed.
- Renewable Fuels Association Model E15 Misfueling Mitigation Plan (PDF) (20 pp, 95K, About PDF)
Companies may choose to adopt this model plan and submit it to EPA for approval in meeting the requirement for a misfueling mitigation plan under the E15 partial waivers.