These resources provide information on n-butanol (synonyms: 1-butanol, propyl carbinol, butanol, n-butyl alcohol, and butyl alcohol), including its chemical properties, fate and transport, handling, and health impacts. For information on other oxygenates, return to the oxygenates main page.
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Characteristics And Chemical Properties
- Chemical Fact Sheet: 1-Butanol Undated.
Prepared by Spectrum Laboratories, this fact sheet presents information on 1-butanol including its properties, use, consumption, environmental fate, and impacts.
- Chemical Profile for N-Butyl Alcohol (CAS Number: 71-36-3) 2005.
Provided by Scorecard, an online resource for information about pollution problems and toxic chemicals, this Web page provides basic 1-butanol-related information and links to other resources.
- Chemicals in the Environment: 1-Butanol (CAS No. 71-36-3) 1994. EPA 749-F-94-007.
Prepared by EPA's Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics, this fact sheet provides background information on 1-butanol.
- International Chemical Safety Card: 1-Butanol 1994.
This fact sheet, prepared by the National Institutes of Health in partnership with other agencies, provides basic safety and handling information related to butanol.
- Product Safety Assessment (PSA): n-Butanol 2006.
Prepared by Dow Chemical Company, this Web page provides safety information for n-butanol, including its uses, chemical properties, and health impacts.
Handling And Use
- Material Safety Data Sheet: Butyl Alcohol 2009.
Prepared by Environmental Health & Safety, this Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) presents background information on 1-butanol, including hazards identification, health effects, first aid and firefighting measures, handling and storage directions, exposure controls, toxicological information, and physical and chemical properties.
Health And Safety
- Health And Safety Guide No. 3: 1-Butanol 1987.
Prepared by the World Health Organization, this Web page provides background information on 1-butanol, including physical and chemical properties, uses, human health effects, and recommendations.
- Integrated Risk Information System: n-Butanol (CASRN 71-36-3) 2008.
EPA's Integrated Risk Information System provides detailed human health-related information on n-butanol.
- Lack of Selective Developmental Toxicity of Three Butanol Isomers Administered by Inhalation to Rats 1989.
Published in Toxicological Sciences, a publication of Oxford University Press, this paper presents the results of teratology assessments of 1-butanol, 2-butanol, and t-butanol administered by inhalation to rats.
- T-Butanol Preliminary Search Results: Chronic and Less-than-Lifetime Toxicity Studies (PDF) (39 pp, 228K, About PDF) 2007.
Produced by EPA, this list includes a variety of 1-butanol-related references with abstracts.
- A Recommendation Regarding the Use of Alcohols as Gasoline Oxygenates (PDF) (9 pp, 63K, About PDF) 2006.
This report presents the recommendation of the Vermont Agency of Natural Resources to ban the sale of gasoline containing alcohols used as oxygenates, including methanol, iso-Butanol, isopropanol, and others.
Transport And Fate
- A Review of the Environmental Fate and Aquatic Effects of a Series of C4 and C8 Oxo-Process Chemicals 2001.
This paper presents information on the environmental fate and aquatic effects of 1-butanol and other oxo-process chemicals.