Handling And Use
These resources provide information on the handling and use of oxygenates. Additional resources are available regarding the handling and use of ethanol and methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE) on other pages. For additional oxygenates topics, return to the oxygenates main page.
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- Emission Facts: Reformulated Gasoline (PDF) (4 pp, 12K, About PDF) 1999. EPA 420-F-99-040.
Prepared by EPA's Office of Mobile Sources, this report provides information on topics related to the use of reformulated gasoline, including its history, benefits, fuel economy impacts, and production cost.
- Is Reformulated Gasoline a New Gasoline? 1995. EPA 420-F-95-007.
This EPA Web page provides a variety of information concerning reformulated gasoline, including a comparison between RFG and conventional gasoline, in-use experience with oxygenates, and contacts for additional information.
- Leak History of New and Upgraded UST Systems (PDF) (8 pp, 20K, About PDF) 1999.
Prepared by an advisory panel, this report presents the results of a review of existing data on UST contamination sites to determine if there is a leak history associated with UST systems meeting the 1998 federal and state standards.
- Leak Prevention of Reformulated Fuels and Oxygenates: Sealing Solutions to Protect the Environment and Meet Regulatory Requirements (PDF) (15 pp, 867K, About PDF) 1993.
Prepared by DuPont Elastomers, this paper discusses issues related to oxygenates and leak prevention of reformulated fuels.
- Motor Fuels - Issues Related to Reformulated Gasoline, Oxygenated Fuels, and Biofuels (PDF) (68 pp, 718K, About PDF) 1996.
This 1996 GAO report summarizes the results of studies on the cost-effectiveness of reformulated gasoline use, the potential for oxygenates to reduce the use of petroleum, and ongoing federal research into biofuels.
- Oxygenate Compatibility and Permeability Report (UST Team 1 Report) (PDF) (18 pp, 61K, About PDF) 1999.
Prepared by UST Team 1, this report presents the results of a literature review and industry survey to explore the compatibility of oxygenates, including methanol, ethanol, MTBE, ETBE, TAME, and DIPE, with materials used in UST systems.
- Reformulated Gasoline: A Major Step Toward Clean Air 2008.
This EPA Web page answers questions related to the use of reformulated gasoline.