Congressional District # 8
NEAL'S DUMP (SPENCER)EPA ID# IND980794549
Last Updated: May, 2015
The Neal's Dump site is a one-half acre parcel of property, located approximately four miles southwest of the town of Spencer, Indiana. From about 1966 until 1971, Neal's Dump was used as a disposal site for industrial wastes. During its operational period, contract waste haulers dumped electrical capacitors containing polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), capacitor parts, and PCB-contaminated rags, and sawdust at the site. The PCB-contaminated wastes originated from an electrical equipment plant, owned by the Westinghouse Electric Corporation (Westinghouse), now doing business as Viacom, Inc. PCBs have been found in monitoring wells onsite. The area within one mile of Neal's Dump is primarily rural, with a population of approximately 200 people. Several new homes have been built immediately adjacent to the site. A nearby rural water supply system exists; however, the closest residents to the site obtain drinking water from private wells. Private drinking water has been sampled several times. Analytical results of drinking water samples demonstrate that the water meets safe drinking water standards.
Site ResponsibilityThis site is being addressed through federal, state, and potentially responsible party (PRP) actions.
Threats and ContaminantsGroundwater and soil were contaminated with PCBs. The principal threat posed by the site was through exposure to drinking water contaminated with PCBs. On-site monitoring wells showed PCB concentrations at and above health advisory levels; however, testing of residential monitoring wells has not indicated the presence of PCBs.
In 1983, interim cleanup measures were completed to reduce the immediate threat of direct contact at the site. Capacitors containing PCB oils were removed from the surface and subsurface and disposed of off-site in a permitted facility. Other interim measures put into place during 1983 included: the installation of a clay cap over the site, the installation of a locked chain-link security fence around the site, and placement of silt fences to control sediment runoff.
In August 1985, Westinghouse, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the City of Bloomington, the County of Monroe, and the Indiana State Board of Health signed a Consent Decree (CD) to address PCB-contaminated materials from six sites, located in and near Bloomington, including Neal's Dump. The CD required Westinghouse to construct an incinerator that would incinerate PCB-contaminated materials from the six sites. Due to public opposition to the incinerator, and the State of Indiana passing a number of laws that delayed and blocked the construction of the incinerator remedy that was required in the 1985 CD, the CD parties began to explore alternative remedies in 1994 for the six PCB contaminated sites. After the agreement to explore other remedies, little progress was made by the CD parties to implement a final cleanup at the Neal's Dump site. The Federal Court was unhappy with the progress and, in November 1997, the Federal Court issued a judicial order stating that the excavation activities for all six sites must be completed by December 2000.
On October 16, 1998, EPA signed a Record of Decision Amendment which called for the following:
• Excavation of the PCB-contaminated materials to cleanup standards which will allow residential development. The PCB-contaminated material would be disposed of off-site in a permitted landfill.
• Capacitors discovered during the excavation would be incinerated off-site in a permitted facility.
• Clean soil backfill would be placed over the excavated area.
• Deed restrictions and groundwater monitoring for the area surrounding the site for a minimum of five years, as part of the long-term monitoring program.
On November 17, 2003, Viacom completed the cleanup of the Neal's Dump site. A total of 7,250 tons of PCB-contaminated material was disposed of off-site in a permitted landfill. In addition, 2,430 capacitors, weighing approximately 250,000 pounds, were incinerated off-site. The final cleanup showed a residual PCB concentration of 0.8 parts per million. This cleanup value allows for residential development.
The Neal's Dump site was taken off of the Superfund National Priorities List on October 4, 1999. On November 17, 2003, EPA completed a five-year review for the Neal's Dump site to evaluate if the groundwater monitoring should remain the same, be modified or eliminated. Based upon the two residential wells showing no PCB contamination, and the groundwater monitoring wells surrounding the site only periodically showing low-level PCB contamination, it was determined in the five-year review process that all future groundwater monitoring should be eliminated. A second five-year review was completed on December 5, 2008, which stated that the remedy remains protective. This review also evaluated whether institutional controls at the site are effective. The institutional control preventing a drinking water well in the former waste area was made enforceable in November 2009, through the State of Indiana's Environmental Restrictive Covenant.
Property ReuseThe site is currently part of the owners backyard. A deed restriction is in place to prevent a drinking water well from being installed into the former dump area.
ContactsRemedial Project Manager, U.S. EPA
thomas alcamo (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Community Involvement Coordinator, U.S. EPA