Congressional District # 07,12
AIR FORCE PLANT 85EPA ID# OH1170090004
Last Updated: June, 2011
Air Force Plant 85 (AFP85) is located 6 miles northeast of downtown Columbus, Ohio in Franklin County, just south of Port Columbus International Airport. The plant occupies nearly 420 acres and ceased defense manufacturing in 1994. The plant was originally used for the production of naval aircraft during World War II. Since 1941, several companies including Curtiss-Wright Corp., Rockwell International, and McDonnell Douglas utilized the plant for the manufacture and testing of naval aircraft and missile systems. The Air Force sold the plant to a local investment group in 1997. The Air Force has retained the proceeds from the sale to be spent for environmental investigations and cleanup at the plant. The facility is now called the Columbus Air Center and has been renovated to accommodate warehouse space, office space, and aircraft industries.
Past operations at the plant included machining, metal finishing, electroplating, forming, painting, coating, and assembly. Wastes produced from these operations included acids from metal cleaning and electroplating, process tank sludges, cyanide wastes, chromium solutions, lime sludge, spent degreasers, and paint strippers. Process wastewater was treated at an onsite wastewater treatment plant. From 1941 to 1977 a fire training area was used to burn waste oil, solvents, and aviation fuels in training exercises. In addition, waste solvents and sludge were also collected and disposed of offsite. Numerous sites, where potential environmental concerns may exist, were identified at the plant in an environmental baseline survey (EBS) completed in 1994 and 1996.
Installation Restoration Program studies conducted from 1984 to 1990 identified ten sources of potential hazardous waste contamination, including Turkey Run and Mason’s Run, two streams that join Big Walnut Creek five miles south of the plant. Big Walnut Creek is used for sport fishing. The AFP85 was proposed for the National Priority List on January 1994.
NPL Listing History: Proposed Date: 01/18/1994
This site is being investigated under Ohio EPA oversight in accordance with Ohio EPA’s Voluntary Action Program.
Threats and Contaminants
Groundwater is contaminated with trichloroethylene and other chlorinated solvents. Soil is contaminated with PCBs, petroleum hydrocarbons, chlorinated solvents, and metals. Sediments are contaminated with cadmium, chromium, mercury, chlorinated solvents, and polyaromatic hydrocarbons.
The Air Force has completed significant cleanup activities at the plant. Prior to the sale of the plant, manufacturing and process area equipment were removed and cleaned. Numerous PCB transformers were removed, retrofitted, and cleaned and PCB contaminated soil was removed. The former fire training area and Mason’s Run have also undergone cleanup activities.
Of more than 100 areas identified in the EBS, approximately 10 areas remain for additional investigation and cleanup. The Air Force will continue further investigations and cleanup at the remaining areas, which include former underground storage tank sites, process areas, and Turkey Run.
ContactsRemedial Project Manager, U.S. EPA
nanjunda gowda (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Community Involvement Coordinator, U.S. EPA
AliasesUS NAVY NAVEL WEAPONS IND RESERVE PLT
FORMERLY NAVAL WEAPONS IND RESERVE
US AIR FORCE PLANT 85 AKA US NAVY WEAPON