Congressional District # 07
LAMMERS BARREL FACTORYEPA ID# OHD981537582
Last Updated: July, 2013
The Lammers Barrel property is now a vacant lot, approximately two acres in size, located in Beavercreek, Ohio. The property is bisected by Little Beaver Creek which flows west to east through the site. The property is bordered to the west and south by Grange Hall Road and East Patterson Road, respectively. An abandoned railroad right of way is located along the northern border. The facility experienced a fire in 1969 that completely destroyed the buildings. The only structures remaining are a concrete pad, a non-functional production well, and pipes that appear to run from the former facility to the creek.
Operations began at Lammers Barrel Factory in 1953 and continued until the fire in October 1969. According to former employees, the facility bought, sold and reclaimed all types of solvents. Any inventories of chemicals handled at the facility were reportedly destroyed in the fire. During operation, the facility had an above-ground storage capacity of over 500,000 gallons of chemical solvents such as trichloroethylene, methyl-ethyl ketone, tetrachloroethene, 1,1,1-trichloroethane, aromatic hydrocarbons, aliphatic hydrocarbons, ketones, esters, and alcohols. This consisted of eighteen vertical tanks, ranging in size from 2,500 to 25,000 gallons and approximately 6,000 55-gallon drums.
This site is being addressed through federal, state, and potentially responsible party (PRP) actions.
Threats and Contaminants
Contaminants of primary concern at this site are those that exceed federal drinking water standards in residential wells and could potentially provide a source of contamination to the aquifer underlying the site. These include several volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including trichloroethene, tetrachloroethene, and vinyl chloride. Soil on-site is also contaminated with BTEX - benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes, which are components of fuels.
Sampling of residential wells began in the mid-1980s. In 1985, analyses of approximately 90 residential well samples throughout Beavercreek identified an area of groundwater contamination along the northern end of the Woodhaven subdivision, located southeast of the facility. Sampling revealed that the presence of vinyl chloride was above the federal maximum contaminant level (MCL) for drinking water in some wells. Several wells contained other volatile organic compounds (VOCs), such as chloroethane, 1,2-dichloroethene, tetrachloroethylene (PCE), and trichloroethylene (TCE). As a result, the Ohio National Guard brought a 350-gallon mobile water tank as an emergency water supply to five homes along East Patterson Road. Nine homes that exceeded removal action levels of VOCs in drinking water were subsequently connected to the county municipal water system.
Periodic ground water sampling has continued since 1985, resulting in the extension of the county water line or installation of filtration systems at several homes. Sampling efforts in 1988, 1991 and 1997 show that the contaminated ground water plume had advanced into the adjacent Woodhaven subdivision.
In 1992, the Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) conducted a Site Inspection (SI) at the site. Six soil samples, four sediment and four surface water samples from Little Beaver Creek were collected along with additional residential well samples. The six soil samples from the site indicated high concentrations of VOCs, lead and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Analysis of the creek sediment samples revealed the presence of xylenes and heavy metals.
An Engineering Evaluation/Cost Analysis (EE/CA) was prepared for the EPA in 1997. Soil, sediment and ground water samples were collected in March, April, June and August of 1997. A total of 71 residential well samples were collected from 54 homes. VOCs were detected in wells serving 28 of the 54 homes. Most of the homes sampled had been sampled in previous investigations, and some had already been connected to the municipal water system. Soil contaminant concentrations indicate potential source areas for ground water contamination on each side of Little Beaver Creek. Both areas of subsurface soil contamination lie near the level of the water table. Similar VOCs were detected in on-site monitoring well samples and off-site residential well samples. Similar contaminants were also detected in on-site sediment samples, indicating that the site may be impacting Little Beaver Creek.
During 2000 and 2001, the Army Corps of Engineers conducted a Hydrogeologic Investigation to support a contaminant source removal at the site. Results from the Hydrogeologic Investigation have indicated that the extent of contamination still present at the site is more extensive than originally anticipated. Municipal water lines were extended to four additional homes in 2000.
In April 2002, EPA and the parties responsible for contamination at the site signed an Administrative Order on Consent (AOC) to conduct a Remedial Investigation and Feasibility Study (RI/FS) for the site.
In September 2002, EPA proposed the Lammers Barrel Factory site for addition to the National Priorities List (NPL) of hazardous waste sites.
An RI/FS Work Plan was approved in February 2003. Field investigation activities have been conducted from 2003 to the present. The work included residential well sampling, on-site soil and groundwater sampling, surface water and sediment sampling in Little Beaver Creek, and installation and sampling of groundwater monitoring wells. The Remedial Investigation report for the Lammers Barrel site was completed and approved by EPA in August 2008.
After the RI was completed, EPA made the decision to separate the Lammers Barrel cleanup into two Operable Units (OUs). This would allow cleanup to commence on the Lammers Barrel property (OU1), while additional investigation was conducted on the contaminated groundwater plume (OU2) that was migrating off of the site to the east, north of East Patterson Road.
The PRP group submitted an Alternatives Screening Process Technical Memorandum for OU1 to EPA for review and comment in 2009, and the document was approved in June 2009. A draft Feasibilty Study was subsequently provided to EPA and OEPA in April 2010. After negotiations and the consideration of six alternatives for cleanup of the Lammers Barrel site, the FS for OU1 was approved and finalized in June 2011. A Proposed Plan was issued on July 5, 2011, announcing EPA's planned remedy for the Lammers Barrel site and soliciting pubic comments on the proposal until August 5, 2011. A public meeting was also held in Beavercreek, Ohio on July 14, 2011.
On September 27, 2011, EPA signed a Record of Decision (ROD) for OU1 at the Lammers Barrel site calling for in-situ soil mixing to treat chlorinated volatile organic compounds and BTEX contaminants in site soils and Enhanced In-Situ Bioremediation for groundwater underneath the Lammers Barrel site to treat these same compounds. EPA is now in negotiations with the PRP group on an agreement for the group to implement the remedial action selected in the ROD. EPA anticipates that this process should be completed by the summer of 2013. Remedial action could then commence at the site in the spring of 2014.
In the meantime, additional groundwater sampling is planned for OU2 in the summer of 2013 to attempt to completely delineate the extent of the contaminated groundwater plume. After the investigation is complete, a Feasibility Study and ROD can be completed for OU2.
Community InvolvementA public comment period for the OU1 Proposed Plan was held from July 1 to August 5, 2011. A public meeting was held in Beavercreek, Ohio on July 14, 2011.
Property ReuseA study was conducted by E2 inc., on behalf of EPA, to evaluate potential future uses for the Lammers Barrel property. This study was completed in July 2010, and the report is available for public review in the Lammers Barrel information repository. The remedy for OU1 - the Lammers Barrel property - calls for deed restrictions that will prevent residential use of the property and the installation of drinking water wells until the remedial action is complete at the site.
ContactsRemedial Project Manager, U.S. EPA
timothy fischer (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Community Involvement Coordinator, U.S. EPA
LAMMARS BARREL FACTORY