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Congressional District # 13


EPA ID# OHD980510002
Last Updated: September, 2011

Site Description

The Ford Road Industrial Landfill is a 15-acre inactive facility located on the northern edge of Elyria, Ohio, approximately 1.5 miles from interchange 8 of the Ohio Turnpike, Interstate 90. The site is bordered by an intermittent stream and sewer main covered with riprap to the north, a ravine and rural land to the south, the Black River to the east, and a new housing development along Ford Road and the Black River Preserve to the west. The landfill was originally a ravine that was filled in with waste material beginning in the early 1900s. Brotherton Disposal Company, Brotherton Disposal, Inc., and Browning-Ferris Industries of Ohio operated a landfill at the site for various periods in the 1960s and early 1970s. The current owner of the site is the Lorain County Metropolitan Parks District. The landfill accepted municipal and various industrial wastes in drums and in bulk, including, but not limited to, 700 tons of hazardous material, 3.3 million pounds of chemical wastes, and 32,000 gallons of sludge per day from 1963 to 1970. Some of the wastes were burned onsite. Foundry sand, slag, and dried sludges were used for cover material. In 1993 Browning-Ferris Industries implemented a voluntary response action involving the addition and regrading of cover soil to intercept and contain an observed leachate seep at the site.

The Ford Road Landfill is being addressed using the Superfund Alternative approach.  The site is not listed on the National Priorities List.

Site Responsibility

The Site is being addressed through potentially responsible parties' (PRPs') actions, with oversight by U.S. EPA. The PRP Group for the Ford Road Site signed an Administrative Order of Consent (AOC) in 2001 to complete a Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study (RI/FS). In 2008 the PRP Group signed a Consent Decree (effective in February 2009) to complete the Remedial Design and Remedial Action at the site. 

Threats and Contaminants

The Ford Road PRP Group began the RI/FS at the Ford Road Site in 2003, and both U.S. EPA and Ohio EPA provided oversight of the Ford Road PRP Group’s work under the AOC. The Ford Road Group completed the Remedial Investigation/Feasibility Study Report in 2006. U.S. EPA signed a Record of Decision on September 27, 2006, selecting a remedy to clean up the Site. 

During the RI/FS, surface water, groundwater, sediment, and soil were analyzed for a variety of contaminants. The results were carefully evaluated in the Risk Assessment to determine the contaminants of potential concern (COPCs) and which of these chemicals and affected media were most important in driving potential risk at the Site.

In summary, regarding the COPCs at the Site:

• For soil and sediment, the COPCs are PAHs, PCBs, and metals.

• For surface water the COPCs are one SVOC (bis[2-ethylhexyl]phthalate) and five metals (aluminum, antimony, arsenic, iron, and thallium).

• For groundwater, the COPCs are two VOCs (benzene and vinyl chloride), one SVOC (bis[2-ethylhexyl]phthalate), PCBs, and several metals.

• For leachate, the COPCs are two VOCs (benzene and chloroform), one SVOC (bis[2-ethylhexyl]phthalate), three pesticides (beta-BHC, dieldrin, and heptachlor), and several metals.

Cleanup Progress

Cleanup at the Site is being addressed under two components as described below for a cost of approximately $3.4 million.

In Situ Containment with Surface Cover Enhancement

• This remedy includes implementing monitoring and institutional controls in conjunction with the focused removal of waste on the side slopes and enhancement of the existing surface cover over the landfill, as appropriate.

• The enhancement of the landfill cover will involve Site grading to improve surface water control and the placement of additional low-permeability material over those areas of the landfill that do not currently meet the requirement that a minimum 2-foot cover exists over the subject area.

• Cascaded waste was encountered over an approximately 5,000 square foot area on the north slope of the landfill and an approximately 15,000 square foot area on the south slope of the landfill, both outside the limits of buried waste.  The remedy requires consolidation within the existing or extended limits of the landfill or disposal at a licensed off-site facility, if necessary. It was assumed that a limited amount of the material will require offsite disposal and most of the material will be consolidated within the limits of the landfill.  The remedy also requires consideration of possible slope modifications. The northern slope, southern slope, the northern portion of the eastern side slope, and approximately half of the southern portion of the eastern side slope may require stabilization.

• Upon completion of the cover enhancements and other components of Alternative 3, the presence of a continuous 2-foot cover over the entire landfill surface would serve to significantly reduce potential exposure to impacted media and migration of COPCs by reducing the volume of precipitation that infiltrates through the landfill.

Select Removal of Specifically Identified Areas Outside of Landfill Limits

The remedy requires the removal of selected soil/sediment observed to contain COPCs that exceed Site-specific cleanup levels outside of the landfill limits in the northeast corner of the Site. The removal depth is assumed to be approximately fifteen feet. The focus of this excavation would begin at the location along the edge of the river where evidence of LNAPL migration was observed (e.g., the thin sand unit exhibiting trace sheen). The excavation would remove the impacted sediment at the edge of the river then extend back toward the toe of the landfill slope, removing impacted soil that represents the preferential migration pathway along which the LNAPL impacts may have migrated toward the edge of the river. It is conservatively estimated that up to 6,400 cubic yards of soil and sediment will be removed for disposal.

In August 2007, U.S. EPA began negotiating with the PRP Group to sign a Consent Decree (CD) in order to proceed with the implementation of the ROD. The Consent Decree was signed on December 31, 2008, and was subsequently lodged in federal district court. The court signed the Consent Decree on February 18, 2009, making it effective and starting the Remedial Design phase of the work. The PRP's Remedial Design was approved in April 2011 and the Remedial Action Work Plan was approved in August 2011.

The remedial action will be occurring in two phases. The first phase, the hot-spot removal work, began at the end of August 2011 and is expected to be completed by mid-October 2011, including construction of a slurry wall along the Black River.  The next and final phase of the remedial action work will occur during the 2012 construction season and will involve the regrading and consolidation of wastes into the landfill itself.

Community Involvement

The Proposed Plan for the Ford Road Landfill was made available to the public for comment near the end of June 2006. Copies of the Proposed Plan and the final RI and FS (as well as other supporting documents) were placed in the local Information Repositories located at the Elyria Public Library – West Branch. Documents are also available at the U.S. EPA Records Center in Chicago, Illinois. Copies of the Proposed Plan were mailed to approximately 100 interested persons on U.S. EPA’s community involvement mailing list for the Site. Copies of all documents supporting the remedy in the ROD are located in the Administrative Record file for the Site, located at the U.S. EPA Records Center, 77 West Jackson Boulevard, Chicago, Illinois and the Elyria Public Library – West Branch in Elyria, Ohio.

The public comment period ran from July 10 through August 9, 2006. U.S. EPA held a public meeting at the French Creek Nature Center in Sheffield Village, Ohio on July 26, 2006, to present the Proposed Plan and approximately 25 people attended. The notice announcing the public meeting and the availability of the Proposed Plan was published in the Elyria Chronicle-Telegram newspaper on July 6, 2006. A press release was issued on July 13, 2006, to alert media and the public about issuance of the Proposed Plan and the start of the public comment period. Representatives of U.S. EPA and Ohio EPA were present at the public meeting, as were representatives of the Ford Road Group, to answer questions regarding the proposed remedy. All comments received during the public comment period were considered prior to selection of the final remedy for the Ford Road Landfill.

U.S. EPA also developed a Community Involvement Plan (CIP) when RI/FS activities began at the Site in July 2004. The CIP, AOC, Proposed Plan, and any news releases were also posted to the U.S. EPA Region 5 website at http://www.epa.gov/region5/sites/fordroad.

U.S. EPA mailed out a fact sheet to the surrounding community at the start up of the construction work in August 2011 explaining the activities that would be taking place at the site and providing contact information if there are any questions or concerns.


Remedial Project Manager, U.S. EPA
demaree collier (collier.demaree@epa.gov)
(312) 886-0214



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