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Fact Sheet: General Release (Spill) Reporting Requirements

This fact sheet was developed to assist facilities with reporting requirements. However, this is only a guide and does not cover all federal reporting requirements. Facility operators are reminded to review this sheet and federal regulations before a release occurs. Refer to the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) (Title 40) for more details regarding regulations under CAA, CWA, CERCLA, EPCRA, RCRA, and TSCA.

STATUTE

REGULATIONS

INCIDENT

REPORT TO/BY

REPORTING

Clean Air Act (CAA)

40 CFR 63.10(d)

Startup, shutdown and malfunctions not consistent with procedures in source's plans

EPA Region 7 Spill Line at 913-281-0991 by owner/operator of air emission sources

Within two working days

Follow-up: within seven working days

Clean Air Act (CAA)

40 CFR 70.6

Emergency causing exceedance of emission limitations of permit

Permitting authority by permittee

Within two working days

Follow-up not required

Clean Water Act (CWA)

40 CFR 110.6

Oil discharge (film/sheen/discoloration) to water surface or shoreline, or violation of  water quality standards

National Response Center (NRC) at 1-800-424-8802, and EPA Region 7 Spill Line at 913-281-0991, by person in charge of vessel or facility

Immediately

Follow-up not required

Clean Water Act (CWA)

40 CFR 117.21

Discharge of hazardous substance [equal to or above Reportable Quantity (RQ)]

Appropriate government agency by person in charge of vessel or facility

Immediately

Follow-up not required

Clean Water Act (CWA)

40 CFR 122.41

Noncompliance which may endanger health and environment (above permit allowance)

Appropriate government agency by permittee

Within 24 hours

Follow-up required in five days

Comprehensive Environmental, Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA or Superfund)

40 CFR 302.6(a)

Hazardous substance release (equal to or greater than RQ)

National Response Center (NRC) at 1-800-424-8802 by person in charge of vessel or facility

Within 15 minutes

Follow-up not required

Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act (EPCRA)

40 CFR 355.40

Release of Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA) extremely hazardous substance or CERCLA hazardous substance equal to or greater than RQ

LEPC, SERC, TERC or local emergency response personnel (911 in case of transportation-related release) by owner/operator

Within 15 minutes

Follow-up required within 30 calendar days

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA)

40 CFR 262.34; 263.30; 264.56 & .196; 265.56 & .196; 270.14 & .30; 273.17, .37 & .54; 279.43 & .53; 280.50, .52, .53, .60 & .61

Release, fire, or facility explosion that threatens health outside the facility

National Response Center (NRC) at 1-800-424-8802, EPA Region 7 Spill Line at 913-281-0991, and LEPC, SERC, TERC by emergency coordinator or owner/operator

Within 24 hours

Follow-up: varies from 5 to 30-day report to NRC and EPA Region 7 Spill Line

Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)

40 CFR 761.120 & 761.125

PCB spill (equal to or greater than 50 parts per million) with release to surface water, drinking water supplies, sewers, grazing lands, etc.

National Response Center (NRC) at 1-800-424-8802, and EPA Region 7 Spill Line at 913-281-0991, by person in charge

Within 24 hours

Follow-up: as required by agency



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