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Pacific Southwest, Region 9

Serving: Arizona, California, Hawaii, Nevada, Pacific Islands, Tribal Nations

Workplan for Clean Air Technology Initiative

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Challenges

Attainment of clean air standards is a major public health challenge, embodied in local attainment plans designed to fulfill State Implementation Plan requirements under the Clean Air Act. For the South Coast and San Joaquin Valley Air Basins, increasingly stringent federal standards for ozone and PM2.5 pose fast-approaching and very difficult attainment deadlines. Significant emission reductions are needed from all sources, with the bulk of the remaining task being mobile source emissions. To have any reasonable expectation of meeting attainment deadlines, aggressive stakeholder partnership is essential.

Approach

Each air district selects a focus area that is highly impacted by a mixture of mobile and stationary sources, especially sources representing major contributors to the State Im­plementation Plan inventories and key toxics drivers in the community. The technologies demonstrated can, therefore, achieve significant reductions for State Implementation Plan purposes as well as re­duced local toxics exposure. The criteria for selecting a community highly impacted by air quality issues include many factors. Health risk data, concentrations of toxic-emit­ting facilities in close proximityto residential or sensitive re­ceptors, and diesel particulate matter emissions from mobile sources should be considered for toxic exposures. Tradi­tional air pollutant emissions, known air pollution sources, history of air quality-related complaints, and community-identified air quality issues should also be considered. The demographics of the area and the willingness of local government and community groups to participate are also important considerations.

South Coast Air Basin Focus Area

The City of San Bernardino has a large intermodal railyard with the highest health risk of all railyards in Southern Califor­nia. This city is also impacted by goods movement activi­ties that originate at the ports and move east via trucks and trains through San Bernardi­no and out of the state, as well as triggering new warehouse and distribution projects in inland areas. In addition, there are more than 1,000 stationary sources in the area holding SCAQMD permits, such as autobody and automotive repair shops; transportation facilities; concrete and ag­gregate operations; military installations; printing and coating operations; and manu­facturing facilities.

San Joaquin Valley Air Basin Focus Area

The southern San Joaquin Valley focus area houses 1.2 million residents, and frequently exceeds health- based air standards when regional pollutants are trapped by surrounding mountains and atmospheric inversion layers. The focus area straddles Kern and Tulare counties, with mobile source emissions from the goods movement corridor of Highway 99 and Interstate 5, and stationary source emis­sions from a variety of energy production facilities, farms, and agricultural processing operations. The focus area includes the city of Bakers­field with the Valley’s highest wintertime particulate matter concentrations, and the city of Arvin, with the Valley’s highest 8-hour ozone concen­trations in the summer.

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technologiesTechnologies

Select technologies for demonstration/commercial­ization that would reduce emissions from identified source categories (technology selection based primarily on RCC-established criteria). Agency staff will perform a comprehensive evaluation and identify candidate technologies that would meet the RCC criteria and develop performance criteria for other technologies.

partnersPartners

Identify and secure participation of local community groups, public agencies, and private-sector partners. Agency staff will jointly solicit assistance and participation of community stakeholders including community members, business leaders, public agencies, and elected officials, to showcase the Initiative and to solicit input to enable a successful joint effort.

fundingFunding

Identify and secure funding and other resources; including targeting of existing grant programs. Agency staff will work collaboratively to maximize the use of existing funding sources (local, state, and federal opportunities) and identify potential new funding sources (e.g., diesel cleanup grants, transportation reauthorization, public-private partnerships).

projectsProjects

Issue a proposal solicitation for innovative technology projects that meet the same criteria established by the RCC and initiate contracts. A joint RFP may be released, or existing projects may be leveraged, to demonstrate clean technologies within the selected communities. These projects should meet the RCC criteria and provide the greatest emission-reduction potential.

emissionsEmissions

Initiate enhanced local emissions inventory, air quality monitoring, and compliance review.
SCAQMD and SJVAPCD staff will conduct detailed evaluation of local emission sources to enhance the completeness of current emissions inventories and propose additional micro-scale monitoring, where appropriate, within the communities to better understand localized exposure. There will also be an enhanced review of permit and emission-report data bases, to ensure assessments are based on accurate and up-to-date facility records.

outreachOutreach

Initiate enhanced outreach and education to facilitate local empowerment. Enhanced outreach and education to facilitate local empowerment may be accom­plished through providing training, informational tools, and two-way contact chan­nels with local governments. Training will be given on how to recognize air quality issues, field data collection and out­reach to the public, and data gathering to enhance partici­pation of local governments and communities. Informa­tion on health impacts of air pollution will also be made available. Opportunities for participation in clean air poli­cymaking will be provided through Town Hall meetings, working groups, and interac­tive public workshops.

communityCommunity

Assess local community wellbeing (i.e., survey instrument). Community surveys will be conducted to obtain general feedback on environmental and health concerns within the select communities.

showcaseShowcase

Set up technology displays and permit assistance center. SCAQMD and SJVAPCD staff will work with selected communities to establish sites where technologies being showcased can be displayed for education and outreach purposes. In addition, respective districts will also set up permit assistance to businesses that intend to demonstrate or implement clean technologies meeting the RCC criteria.

trainingTraining

Establish green job training opportunities for local businesses and community members. Agency staff will work with local community colleges or vocational schools to identify specific skills demanded by Initiative-showcased technologies, and seek to establish congruent training classes for local workforces to meet the demand.

evaluationEvaluation

Evaluate and document Initiative Workplan  implementation. There will be periodic program evaluation to identify and address implementation issues and report back to RCC. Technical reports will also be prepared to document program implementation and progress as a case study, so that similar programs can be replicated in other areas of the nation.

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