Fuel Storage Systems
Aboveground Storage Systems
In most states there are two major sets of regulations which impact the design, installation, use and management of aboveground storage tanks (ASTs) for motor fuel and waste oil:
- Those related to fire, explosion and human safety; and
- Those designed to protect the environment.
In addition, ASTs may also be subject to state "spill reporting" laws. For instance, Indiana's Spill Reporting Law requires that surface spills and releases of about 25 gallons or more "that enter or threaten the waters of the state" must be reported to the Emergency Response Section of the Indiana Department of Environmental Management within 24 hours, and appropriate corrective action must be initiated immediately. Check for similar laws in other states.
Underground Storage Systems
Most states have adopted the federal regulations (or a stricter version of them) for underground storage tanks (USTs) greater than 1100 gallons. They may also have regulations for smaller USTs - check to be sure.
Whether regulated or not, all USTs deserve careful management with attention to preventing water pollution, including:
- Secondary Containment Structures
- Catchment Basins
- Automatic Shutoff Devices
- Automatic Overfill Alarm
- Tank Relining
- Sacrificial Anodes for Corrosion Prevention