News Archive: August 2006
You will need Adobe Reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA's PDF page to learn more about PDF, and for a link to the free Acrobat Reader.This information is provided for reference. Over time, links to news items may become unavailable, in these cases the item will remain listed, but no link will be provided. Also, please be aware that the information in any particular article may be outdated or superseded by additional information.
Triadimefon RED, Triadimenol TRED Available for Comment
EPA has released its Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) for triadimefon and Tolerance Reassessment and Risk Management Decision (TRED) for triadimenol, and has opened a public comment period on these documents. The Agency's risk assessments and other related documents for triadimefon and triadimenol are also available, in separate dockets. Triadimefon is a broad-spectrum systemic fungicide, and triadimenol is its primary metabolite, which is also registered separately. Comments, identified by docket ID numbers EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0258 (triadimefon) and EPA-HQ-OPP-2006-0038 (triadimenol), must be received on or before October 30, 2006.
Comments on Carbofuran Interim Reregistration Eligibility Decision
EPA has released its Interim Reregistration Eligibility Decision (IRED) for the N-methyl carbamate pesticide carbofuran, and has opened a public comment period on this document. The Agency's risk assessments and other related documents also are available in the carbofuran docket. Carbofuran works as a cholinesterase inhibitor and is used to treat pests of food and non-food crops as either a flowable or granular formulation. It is registered for use on a variety of fruit and vegetable crops, as well as ornamentals and agricultural fallow land. Comments, identified by docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0162, must be received on or before October 30, 2006.
EPA and Partners Bringing Clean Water to Colorado’s Farm Communities
A community of migrant farm workers in Gilcrest, Colo., now enjoys safe, clean drinking water thanks to the efforts of EPA and its partners, the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, the Colorado Rural Water Association, the property owner, the operator of the camp, and the affected farm workers. EPA helped install a water treatment system that brought the community's water to well within Safe Drinking Water Act standards. Plans for additional projects are underway, as this initial project is part of a broader effort to develop drinking water quality solutions for Colorado farm communities. There are approximately 45,000 migrant farm workers in Colorado, a widely dispersed group that constitutes one of the least powerful and most vulnerable populations in the state: The average migrant worker’s annual income is about $7,500. Their access to health care is poor. Their working conditions can be hazardous. And a variety of contaminants may affect drinking water quality, including pesticides and nitrates from agricultural runoff, lead and biological contaminates. All of these contaminants can impair health, most especially for pregnant woman and children.
California Hardware Company To Pay More Than $20,000 for Allegedly Selling Unregistered Pesticide
EPA has fined Orchard Supply Hardware (OSH), based in San Jose, California, for allegedly selling a pesticide that has not been registered with the federal government. OSH has agreed to pay a $21,960 penalty in this case. "Goo Gone All Purpose Cleaner," whose label at the time made claims it "washes away germs and bacteria," was found at OSH's Turlock store in January 2004. After the inspector notified the store manager that the product was being sold in violation of law, the product was found at other retail locations during subsequent inspections in 2004 and 2005.
Disposal of Domestic Birds Infected by Avian Influenza -- An Overview of Considerations and Options (PDF) (30 pp, 459K)
This document provides information to state and local decisionmakers addressing disposal problems associated with domesticated bird carcasses (and associated fecal material) infected by the avian influenza virus H5N1. It provides a description of successful disposal management options for infected carcasses and identifies critical considerations for decisionmakers. This document draws from a variety of available resources and complements existing guidance from the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The information contained in this document may be used by state and local governments to conduct advance planning (e.g., special permit conditions, emergency orders, pre-screening of sites) in coordination with the federal government and the private sector.
Pesticide Registration Requests, Actions, and Tolerance Updates
- Bacillus mycoides isolate J -- issuance of an experimental use permit (EUP) on sugar beets to evaluate the control of Cercospora leaf spot (Cercospora beticola) in Minnesota, Montana, and North Dakota. The EUP is effective from June 8, 2006, to December 31, 2007. (August 30)
- Bifenazate -- establishment of tolerances for residues in or on garden peas, edible podded peas; subgroup 1C tuberous and corm vegetables; group 12 stone fruit, except plum; cattle, goat, hog, horse, and sheep fat (August 30)
- Ethofumesate -- establishment of tolerances for residues in or on carrot roots (with regional restrictions for use in Washington and Oregon); garden beets, beet tops, and beet roots; onion, garlic, and shallot bulbs; and fresh shallot leaves (August 30)
- Flumetsulam -- establishment of a tolerance for residues in or on dry beans (August 25)
- Kresoxim-methyl -- tolerance for residues in or on group 9 cucurbit vegetables (August 25)
- Quinoxyfen -- tolerance for residues in or on lettuce head and leaf; subgroup 9A melons; bell and nonbell peppers; and strawberries (August 25)
- S-metolachlor -- establishment of tolerances for residues in or on pumpkin and winter squash (August 30)
- Various pesticides -- agency decisions and state and federal agency crisis declarations on pesticide emergency exemptions (August 25)
- Zeta-cypermethrin -- establishment of a tolerance for residues in or on group 13 berries; group 14 tree nuts, nutmeat, and hulls; grapes, grape juice, and raisins; canola seed, meal, and oil; group 18 nongrass animal feeds, and hay; group 17 grass forage, fodder, and hay (August 25)
Propiconazole Reregistration Eligibility Decision Available
EPA has announced its Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) for the pesticide propiconazole. The Agency's risk assessments and other related documents also are available in the propiconazole docket. Propiconazole is used as a conventional fungicide on agricultural crops, ornamentals, and turf and is used as an antimicrobial material preservative and wood preservative.
Aliphatic Solvents Reregistration Eligibility Decision for Low Risk Pesticide Available for Comment
EPA has announced its Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) for the pesticide aliphatic solvents, and opens a public comment period on this document, related risk assessments, and other support documents. EPA has reviewed these low-risk pesticides through a modified, streamlined version of the public participation process. Comments, identified by docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2006-0284, must be received on or before October 23, 2006.
Comments Invited on Amitraz Tolerance Reassessment Decision
EPA has released its Tolerance Reassessment Decision (TRED) for the pesticide amitraz, and opens a public comment period on this document. The Agency's risk assessments and other related documents also are available in the amitraz docket. Comments, identified by docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2004-0048, must be received on or before October 23, 2006.
EPA Takes Important Step in Controlling Air Pollution from Animal Feeding Operations
EPA has received approval to take the next important step to gather air emissions data from agricultural animal feeding operations (AFOs) and to ensure compliance with environmental laws. This step consists of certain AFOs voluntarily taking part in a nationwide monitoring study to evaluate their air emissions. EPA's Environmental Appeals Board has recently approved the final two voluntary agreements, making a total of 2,568, representing 1,856 swine, 468 dairy, 204 egg-laying, and 40 broiler chicken (meat-bird) operations. These 2,568 agreements represent 6,267 farms (an AFO can include more than one farm). The industry-led monitoring survey is expected to begin this winter.
- Animal Feeding Operations Air Agreements
- Air Quality Compliance Agreement for Animal Feeding Operations
Atrazine Effects Determination for Barton Springs Salamander
EPA has met the first court-ordered deadline pursuant to a settlement agreement signed on August 22, 2005, with the Center for Biological Diversity and the Save Our Springs Alliance. The Agency is releasing its effects determination for atrazine as it relates to the Barton Springs salamander. EPA has concluded that atrazine is "not likely to adversely affect" the Barton Springs salamander. This is the first effects determination made under the provisions of the Fish and Wildlife Service's (FWS) and National Marine Fisheries Service's Counterpart Regulations. The federal government negotiated a settlement in this case that committed the Agency to review the potential effects of six pesticide active ingredients on the endangered Barton Springs salamander and if adverse effects are expected, to initiate "consultation" with FWS under provisions of the ESA. The next deadline under this settlement agreement is May 2007, by which EPA must make effects determinations for two additional pesticide active ingredients.
Pesticide Registration Requests, Actions, and Tolerance Updates
- Azoxystrobin -- establishment of tolerances for combined residues in or on group 7 vegetables; group 8 fruiting vegetables (except tomato); subgroup 6B succulent shelled pea and bean; subgroup 6C dried shelled pea and bean (except soybean); dried citrus pulp; citrus oil; and group 10 citurs fruit (August 23)
- Dimethenamid -- establishment of tolerances for residues in or on leek, green onions, Welsh onions, and fresh shallot leaves (August 23)
- Fenpyroximate and its z-isomer -- establishment of tolerances for combined residues in or on hop, dried cones; almond hulls; group 14 nut trees; pistachio; group 10 citrus; dried pulp from citurs; citrus oil; peppermint tops; and spearmint tops (August 23)
- Lindane -- receipt of requests to voluntarily cancel the last lindane products registered for use in the U.S. (August 23)
- Myclobutanil -- filing of a pesticide petition for establishment of regulations for residues in or on soybean commodities (August 23)
- Pendimethalin and its 3,5-dinitrobenzyl alcohol metabolite -- filing of pesticide petitions proposing establishment of regulations for residues in or on wheat and alfalfa commodities (August 18)
- Phosphorous Acid -- exemption from the requirement of a tolerance (August 23)
- Triflumizole -- establishment/extension of time-limited tolerances in connection with a crisis exemption declared by the state of Texas (tolerances granted August 23, 2006, and expire December 31, 2009)
Oxytetracycline Tolerance Reassessment Decision
EPA has released its Tolerance Reassessment Decision (TRED) for the pesticide oxytetracycline. Oxytetracycline is an antibiotic pesticide used to control bacteria, fungi, and mycoplasma-like organisms. The majority of agricultural use of oxytetracycline is on pears. Other crops treated include peaches, nectarines, and apples. Oxytetracycline use on apples has been approved under emergency exemption (Section 18) provisions for several years due to the lack of efficacious alternatives. Oxytetracycline is also registered for use on forest trees and ornamental trees, shrubs, and vines. Oxytetracycline is also registered with FDA to treat infectious diseases in animals and humans and also as a food additive to increase animal weight gain.
Streptomycin Tolerance Reassessment Decision
EPA has released its Tolerance Reassessment Decision (TRED) for the pesticide streptomycin. Streptomycin is an antibiotic pesticide used to control bacterial diseases in certain fruits, vegetables, seeds, and ornamental crops. The majority of streptomycin used in agriculture is on apples and pears. Other crops treated include celery, philodendron, tomato, peppers, dieffenbachia cuttings, chrysanthemums, roses, pyracantha, potatoes, and tobacco. Streptomycin is also registered with FDA to treat infectious diseases in animals and humans. Streptomycin is typically applied by ground or aerial spray and is also used as a liquid soak, dust treatment, and seed treatment.
Cypermethrin Reregistration Eligibility Decision Open for Comment
EPA has released its Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) for the pesticide cypermethrin, and opens a public comment period on this document. Cypermethrin is an insecticide used both in agricultural and non-agricultural settings. Most agricultural use is on cotton with minor uses on pecans, peanuts, broccoli, and sweet corn. Cypermethrin also has minor uses in the treatment of cattle and other livestock. The majority of cypermethrin use occurs in non-agricultural settings, including a wide range of commercial, industrial, and residential sites for control of ants, cockroaches, and fleas. There are also outdoor structural, perimeter, and turf uses for control of subterranean termites and other insects. In residential settings, cypermethrin can be applied both by professional applicators and residential users. Comments, identified by ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0293, must be received on or before October 16, 2006.
Inorganic Chlorates Reregistration Eligibility Decision Available
EPA has released its inorganic chlorates Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED). Of the inorganic chlorates listed as active ingredients (i.e., sodium chlorate, calcium chlorate, potassium chlorate, and magnesium chlorate), only sodium chlorate is present as an active ingredient in currently registered products. Sodium chlorate is a non-selective herbicide used in both agricultural and non-agricultural settings. The majority of the agricultural use is on cotton as a defoliant/desiccant. The non-agricultural uses include building perimeters, fence rows, and parking lots. The Inorganic Chlorates RED also includes an assessment of risk resulting from chlorate concentrations in drinking water, which occur as a result of certain drinking water treatment practices. EPA has established a docket for this action under docket identification (ID) number EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0507.
EPA Publishes Regulation Establishing Standards for Pesticide Containers and Containment
EPA has published its final rule establishing standards for pesticide containers and containment. The rule was proposed on February 11, 1994; a Supplemental Notice was published on October 21, 1999; and the comment period was reopened on June 30, 2004. The rule establishes standards for refillable and nonrefillable containers, including design specifications for rinsing, durability, and standardized closures. It requires pesticide labels to provide instructions on how to properly clean containers before disposal or recycling. The rule also establishes standards for secondary containment structures at certain agricultural storage sites and for containment pads at certain agricultural pesticide dispensing operations.
- Part a of Federal Register on Pesticide Containers
- Part b of Federal Register on Pesticide Containers
- Part c of Federal Register on Pesticide Containers
- Pesticide Container and Containment Rule
- General Information on Storage and Disposal
Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Regulation Workshop (SPCC) for Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska (PDF) (2 pp, 128K)
EPA will provide detailed information about the current Spill Prevention, Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) requirements for above ground storage tanks. This is an opportunity as an owner/operator or private consultant to learn the proper planning techniques to prevent oil spills, hazards, and comply with SPCC requirements. With proper planning, any cleanup costs will be drastically reduced. This workshop will not only help with managing facilities but assist in the identification of potential hazardous oil spill sites subject to the SPCC requirements. The workshop will occur on August 30, 2006 from 9:00 AM - 1:00 PM. The workshop will be offered via satellite at locations in Iowa, Kansas, Missouri and Nebraska.
Final NAFTA Guidance for Conducting Terrestrial Field Dissipation Studies
Under the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), EPA and the Canadian Pest Management Regulatory Agency (PMRA) have agreed to harmonize their testing guidelines so that one set of tests can be used for the registration of pesticides in Canada and the United States. The NAFTA harmonized guidance for terrestrial field dissipation (TFD) studies are conducted to demonstrate the transformation, transport, and fate of pesticides under representative actual use conditions. These field studies are needed to substantiate the physicochemical, mobility, and biotransformation data from laboratory studies. Environmental fate studies have shown that pesticide dissipation may proceed at different rates under field conditions and may result in degradates forming at levels different from those observed in laboratory studies.
New Energy Efficiency Links on the Ag Center's Pollution Prevention, Best Management Practices and Conservation Page
The Ag Center has added Energy Efficiency links to its P2, BMP and Conservation Topic Page. Energy Efficiency refers to programs that are aimed at reducing the energy used by specific end-use devices and systems, typically without affecting the services provided. Such savings are generally achieved by substituting technically more advanced equipment to produce the same level of end-use services (e.g. lighting, heating, motor drive) with less electricity.
EPA Awards Grant to Study Alternative Uses for Poultry Litter in Georgia
EPA awarded the University of Georgia Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering (UGA) a $58,000 grant to research innovative uses of poultry litter to benefit energy, fuel, and environmental and economic demands. Georgia currently ranks first in the nation in the production of poultry and poultry litter, and disposing of the litter is a growing environmental concern. Most poultry litter is beneficially used as fertilizer for crops; however, applying too much litter to farmland can result in impaired soil and water quality. UGA researchers are seeking useful applications for this excess poultry litter.
Pesticide Registration Requests, Actions, and Tolerance Updates
- Acequinocyl and its Metabolite Acequinocyl- OH -- notice of filing of a pesticide petition for establishment of regulations for residues in or on tree nuts (crop group 14) commodities (August 11)
- Atrazine -- notice of filing of a pesticide petition for establishment of regulations for residues in or on leafy vegetable crop group 4 (except brassica) commodities (August 11)
- Bifenthrin -- establishment of tolerances for residues in or on vegetable, tuberous and corm, subgroup 1C; brassica, leafy greens, subgroup 5B; turnip, greens; pea and bean, dried shelled, except soybean, subgroup 6C; coriander, leaves; coriander, dried leaves; coriander, seed and okra (August 11)
- Chitosan Hydrolysate -- notice of filing of a pesticide petition for establishment of regulations for residues in or on various commodities (August 16)
- Chloroneb -- termination of certain uses such as residential lawns and turf, as well as on lawns and turf of parks and schools, and label amendments (August 16)
- Copper Sulfate Pentahydrate -- establishment of a tolerance exemption for residues of copper sulfate pentahydrate when applied in or on meat, fat and meat by-products of cattle, sheep, hogs, goats, horses, poultry, milk and eggs (August 11)
- Dichlorobenzenes -- draft of the toxicological review in support of summary information on the Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) (August 11)
- Endothall -- establishment of a tolerance for combined residues in or on fish (August 16)
- Imidacloprid -- establishment of tolerances in or on caneberry subgroup 13A; coffee, green bean; seed of: black mustard, borage, crambe, field mustard, flax, Indian mustard, Indian rapeseed, rapeseed, safflower, and sunflower; atemoya, biriba, cherimoya, custard apple, ilama, soursop, and sugar apple; almond hulls, pistachio and tree nut group 14; pomegranate; banana; herbs subgroup 19A dried; and herbs subgroup 19A (August 11)
- Pesticide Products -- announcement of receipt of applications to register chitosan hydrolysate and chitosan hydrolysate (August 16)
- Pyridalyl -- exemption request from the Georgia Department of Agriculture to use the pesticide pyridalyl to treat up to 32,000 acres of brassica leafy vegetables and turnip greens to control diamondback moth larvae (August 11)
- Quinclorac -- notice of filing of a pesticide petition for establishment of regulations for residues in or on barley commodities (August 16)
- Salicylic Acid -- notice of filing of a pesticide petition for establishment of regulations for residues in or on various commodities (August 16)
- Sanitizers -- revocation of eight exemptions from the requirement of a tolerance that are associated with six food-contact surface sanitizing solutions (August 11)
Comments invited on Ethylene Oxide Tolerance Reassessment Decision for Low Risk Pesticide
EPA has released its Tolerance Reassessment Decision for the low-risk pesticide ethylene oxide and has opened a public comment period on this document, related risk assessments, and other support documents. EPA has reviewed ethylene oxide through a modified, streamlined version of the public participation process. Comments, identified by ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0203, must be received on or before October 10, 2006.
Comment Period Opens on TRED for Methyl Bromide, RED for Methyl Bromide Commodity Uses
EPA has released its Tolerance Reassessment and Risk Management Decision (TRED) for methyl bromide and Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) for methyl bromide's commodity uses, and has opened a public comment period on these documents. The RED covers methyl bromide uses that have accompanying food residue tolerances, such as post-harvest fumigation of food commodities in chambers at ports or specialized structural fumigations at food processing facilities, as well as some uses without tolerances that are performed in similar facilities. A decision on the reregistration of methyl bromide's non-commodity uses that do not have food tolerances (e.g., pre-plant soil, greenhouse, residential) is scheduled to be completed in 2007 with the other soil fumigants. Comments, identified by ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0123, must be received on or before October 10, 2006.
Coppers Reregistration Eligibility Decision Available for Comment
EPA has released its Reregistration Eligibility Decision for copper-containing pesticides and has opened a public comment period on this document and its supporting documents. Coppers are used in agriculture as a broad-spectrum fungicide and bactericide on virtually all food and ornamental crops, for algae control in catfish aquaculture, and in direct aquatic applications as an algaecide, herbicide, molluscicide, and leech control. Coppers are also registered for antimicrobial applications, including use as an anti-foulant and preservative. Comments, identified by ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0558, must be received on or before October 10, 2006.
EPA Invites Comments on Metaldehyde Reregistration Eligibility Decision
EPA has released its Reregistration Eligibility Decision for the pesticide metaldehyde and has opened a public comment period on this document. The Agency's risk assessments and other related documents also are available in the metaldehyde docket. Metaldehyde is a molluscicide used to control snails and slugs on a wide variety of sites, including turf, ornamentals, berries, citrus, and vegetables. Comments, identified by ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0231, must be received on or before October 10, 2006.
Comments Invited on Organic Arsenical Herbicides (MSMA, DSMA, CAMA, and Cacodylic Acid), Reregistration Eligibility Decision
EPA has released its Reregistration Eligibility Decision for the organic arsenical herbicides MSMA, DSMA, CAMA, and cacodylic acid, and has opened a public comment period on this document. The Agency has determined that all products containing MSMA, DSMA, CAMA, and cacodylic acid are not eligible for reregistration. These herbicides are used primarily on cotton and turf, including golf courses, home lawns, recreational areas such as school yards and athletic fields, and rights-of-way. While EPA has identified some risk associated with the direct use of these herbicides, the Agency's primary concern is the potential for applied organic arsenical products to transform to a more toxic inorganic form of arsenic in soil with subsequent transport to drinking water. Comments, identified by ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2006-0201, must be received on or before October 10, 2006.
Propylene Oxide (PPO) Reregistration Eligibility Decision Available for Comment
EPA has released its Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) for the pesticide propylene oxide (PPO) and has opened a public comment period on this document. In particular, the Agency is seeking comments regarding what additional measures, beyond emission control techniques, are available to protect bystanders from unsafe exposure to PPO resulting from use in vacuum-sealed pressurized chambers. PPO is an insecticidal fumigant/sterilant used both to control bacteria contamination, mold contamination, insect infestations, and microbial spoilage of food products and to control stored-product insects in nonfood products. Comments, identified by ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0253, must be received on or before October 10, 2006.
EPA Issues Final Rule on Registration Review Procedures
EPA has issued a final rule establishing procedures for conducting the pesticide registration review program mandated by the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act. Under this rule, EPA will review existing pesticide registrations to determine whether they continue to meet the statutory standard for registration. The Federal Register notice includes the Agency's response to comments on the proposed rule, which was published on July 13, 2005. The rule provides for the establishment of pesticide cases for review, the scheduling of reviews, the initiation, completion, and documentation of reviews, and associated public participation procedures. In response to comments, EPA is modifying some aspects of the rule relating to procedures for public participation in the registration review process.The final rule is effective on October 10, 2006. EPA has established a docket for this action under docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2004-0404.
Pest Control Device Information Available on EPA Web Site
EPA has published information on its Web site to help manufacturers better understand the difference between a pest control device and a pesticide product. The site previously contained only a brief definition of pest control devices. The new page better elaborates on the distinctions between the two types of products to help manufacturers determine whether or not a product requires EPA registration. This page provides only general clarification; manufacturers or applicants still need to consult EPA for a determination regarding the regulatory requirements for any product.
Extension of Public Comment Period for the Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) NPDES Rule
On Friday, June 30, 2006, EPA published a proposed rule entitled ``Revised National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit Regulations and Effluent Limitation Guidelines for Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations in Response to Waterkeeper Decision Proposed Rule.'' As initially published in the Federal Register on June 30, 2006, written comments on the proposed rulemaking were to be submitted to EPA on or before August 14, 2006 (a 45-day public comment period). Since publication, EPA has received several requests for additional time to submit comments. Therefore, the public comment period is being extended for 15 days and will now end on August 29, 2006.
More Nonpoint Source Success Stories Added to Web Site
EPA has added eight new stories to its Nonpoint Source Success Stories Web site. The Web site highlights projects receiving grant funds from the Clean Water Act section 319 Nonpoint Source Program. Featured projects have achieved documented water quality improvements, including the achievement of water quality standards and removal from state section 303(d) lists of impaired waters. The new stories are from Alabama, American Samoa, Connecticut, Nevada, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Texas, and Vermont. The Web site was launched in August 2005, and now features a total of 32 success stories representing 23 different states, territories, and tribes.
EPA Denies States' Petition To Revoke Pesticide Tolerances
EPA has denied, in part, a petition from four states requesting that the Agency modify or revoke all food tolerances for five pesticides. The petition was filed in December 2004 by New York, California, and Connecticut, and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. EPA has denied the petition with regard to alachlor, chlorothalonil, and metribuzin, and has not yet made a decision on the petition as to methomyl and thiodicarb. The states contend that EPA must assess the risks posed by these pesticides using the additional 10X safety factor for protection of infants and children. Once this additional factor is included, the states claim, the challenged tolerances no longer meet the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act safety standard and must be modified or revoked. EPA has concluded that tolerances for alachlor and metribuzin would continue to meet the safety standard even if the additional 10X safety factor were added, and that reliable data for chlorothalonil show that the additional 10X safety factor is not needed. EPA will rule on methomyl and thiodicarb when it completes the N-methyl carbamate cumulative risk assessment. Objections and requests for hearings must be received by the Agency on or before October 2, 2006, and must be filed in accordance with instructions provided in 40 CFR Part 178. The states' petition, EPA's August 2 order, and related documents are available in docket number EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0050 at http://www.regulations.gov/.
EPA Proposes To Cancel All Uses of Carbofuran, Revoke Tolerances
EPA is proposing to cancel all uses of the pesticide carbofuran and to revoke the associated tolerances. The agency has concluded that there are considerable risks associated with carbofuran in food and drinking water, risks to pesticide applicators, and risks to birds that are exposed in treated fields. EPA is proposing to immediately cancel the majority of carbofuran uses. A 4-year phaseout is being proposed for six minor agricultural uses, which will provide time to find effective alternatives.
Pesticide Registration Requests, Actions, and Tolerance Updates
- Fluopicolide, mandipropamid -- receipt of applications to register pesticide products (fungicides) containing new active ingredients not included in any previously registered products (August 9)
- Inert Ingredients -- revocation of tolerance exemptions with insufficient data for reassessment (August 9)
- Inorganic Bromide -- tolerance action on residues from pre-plant use in or on raw agricultural commodities grown in soil fumigated with combinations of chloropicrin, methyl bromide, and propargyl bromide (August 9)
- Isophorone -- exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for residues to limit the use to beets, ginseng, rice, spinach, sugar beets, and Swiss chard (August 9)
- Lepidopteran Pheromones -- exemption from the requirement of a tolerance (August 9)
- Mono- and Bis-(1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluoroalkyl) Phosphates -- revocation of the tolerance exemption where the alkyl group is even numbered and in the C6-C12 range (August 9)
- Phosphoric Acid Tris(2- Ethyl Hexyl) Ester -- notice of filing of pesticide petitions for establishment or amendment to regulations for residues in or on various commodities (August 9)
- Tetrahydrofurfuryl Alcohol (THFA) -- revocation of a tolerance exemption (August 9)
Comments Invited on Boric Acid/Sodium Borate Salts Tolerance Reassessment Decision
EPA has released its Tolerance Reassessment Decision for the boric acid/sodium borate salts pesticides and has opened a 60-day public comment period on this document. The Agency's risk assessments and other related documents also are available in the boric acid/sodium borate salts pesticides docket. Comments, identified by docket ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2005-0062, must be received on or before October 2, 2006.
Lindane Addendum to Reregistration Eligibility Decision Available
EPA has released an addendum to the July 2002 Reregistration Eligibility Decision (RED) for the pesticide lindane. The addendum reflects EPA's conclusions on the lindane seed treatment use in light of information gathered since the 2002 RED. Products containing lindane are not eligible for reregistration. The Agency has received requests from all lindane technical and end-product registrants to voluntarily cancel all registrations of lindane products. Once the cancellation process is complete, EPA will take steps to revoke the existing tolerances.
Organophosphate Cumulative Risk Assessment Available for Comment
EPA has released its cumulative risk assessment for the organophosphate (OP) group of pesticides and has opened a public comment period on this document and other support documents. The cumulative risk assessment, which evaluates exposures based on a common mechanism of toxicity, evaluates the risk from food, drinking water, residential, and other non-occupational exposures resulting from registered uses of organophosphate pesticides. With mitigation measures for over 40 individual OP pesticides from risk management decisions completed during the past several years -- in particular, cancellations of several of the OP uses that contributed most significantly to dietary and residential risk -- the cumulative risks associated with the OPs do not exceed Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (FQPA) regulatory levels of concern. Comments, identified by ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2006-0618, must be received on or before October 2, 2006.
EPA Invites Comments on Pentachloronitrobenzene (PCNB) Reregistration Eligibility Decision
EPA has released its Reregistration Eligibility Decision for the pesticide PCNB and has opened a public comment period on this document. The Agency has determined that most uses are not eligible for reregistration. The eligible uses are: cole crops (for treatment of clubroot only), ornamental bulbs in commercial production, and seed treatments. This decision is based on ecological risks of concern and the impact of PCNB's ability to persist in the environment. Dietary risks are not of concern for the general population or for children. The Agency has identified a number of measures that it believes are necessary to reduce risks associated with the remaining uses of PCNB. EPA has reviewed PCNB through the full six-phase public participation process. Comments, identified by ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2004-0202, must be received on or before October 2, 2006.
Sodium Cyanide Tolerance Reassessment Decision for Low Risk Pesticide Available for Comment
EPA has released its Tolerance Reassessment Decision for the low-risk pesticide sodium cyanide, and has opened a public comment period on this document, related risk assessments, and other support documents. EPA has reviewed sodium cyanide through a modified, streamlined version of the public participation process. Comments, identified by ID number EPA-HQ-OPP-2006-0352, must be received on or before October 2, 2006.
U.S. Pesticide Safety Highest in the World
EPA has released a report on its 10-year review of 231 food-use pesticides. The centerpiece of the1996 Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA) was the requirement to complete within a decade the massive review and reassessment of the tolerances (maximum permitted residues) for all food-use pesticides. On the tenth anniversary of FQPA enactment, EPA has completed over 99 percent of the required tolerance reassessments. To carry out this pesticide regulatory program, EPA has used groundbreaking science and provided extensive opportunities for public involvement, while maintaining a commitment to timeliness. As a result, the Agency and its partners have upgraded the protective framework of integrated programs and actions ensuring the availability of safe and effective pesticides.
EPA and International Dioxcide, Inc. Reach Settlement for Federal Pesticide Rules Violations
The Seattle office of EPA announced that International Dioxcide, Inc. (IDI), a DuPont Company, will pay $21,840 for violating the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act by selling and distributing pesticides with outdated and inaccurate labels. On May 9 and December 7, 2005, the Idaho State Department of Agriculture (ISDA) inspected BHS Acquisitions of Nampa, Idaho. During the inspections, ISDA collected sample labels of ASC SOLUTION, a 25 percent Aqueous Sodium Chlorite disinfectant for municipal and other potable water systems and food processing systems. IDI registered this product with EPA as ADOX 8125 and allowed, under a written agreement, BHS Acquisitions to supplementally distribute it as ASC SOLUTION. An EPA review of the ISDA inspection report showed that on six occasions BHS Acquisitions sold ASC SOLUTION with an outdated label lacking key precautionary, first aid, and physical and chemical hazard statements.
Pesticide Registration Requests, Actions, and Tolerance Updates
- Alachlor, Chlorothalonil, Methomyl, Metribuzin, Thiodicarb -- order denying petition to revoke tolerances (August 2)
- Ethylene Glycol Monomethyl Ether and Methylene Blue -- revocation of tolerance exemptions because these substances are no longer contained in active pesticide product registrations (August 2)
- Fenhexamid -- establishment of tolerances for residues in or on nonbell pepper, pomegranate, and cilantro leaves (August 2)
- Iprodione -- notice of filing of pesticide petitions for establishment and amendment to regulations for residues of in or on pistachio, rapeseed (canola), and almond hulls (August 2)
- Quizalofop-P-Ethyl -- notice of filing of a pesticide petition for establishment of regulations for residues in or on barley, flax and sunflower seed, and wheat commodities. (August 2)
- Sodium Chlorite/Chlorine Dioxide -- correction to a pesticide petition for establishment of an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for residues in or on wheat/barley/ oats (grain, straw), and wheat (aspirated grain fractions) (July 27)
- Wheat Bran -- revocation of the tolerance exemption (August 2)
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