Composting is an aerobic biological process that converts organic waste into a stable organic product that can be used onsite or transported offsite for use. Composting reduces the volume of water and kills pathogens while preserving more of the nutrients for use by crops. The composted material improves soil fertility, tilth (tilled earth), and water hold capacity.
Compost has been viewed as a valuable soil amendment for centuries. Most people are aware that the use of compost is an effective way to improve plant growth. Compost-enriched soil can also reduce erosion and nutrient runoff, alleviate soil compaction, and help control disease and pest infestation in plants. These beneficial uses of compost can increase healthy plant production, help save money, reduce the use of chemical fertilizers, and conserve natural resources.
Compost can be used for:
- Bioremediation and pollution prevention
- Disease control for plants and animals
- Erosion control and landscaping
- Composting of contaminated soils
- Reforestation, wetlands restoration, and habitat revitalization
In the poultry industry, composting also has become a cost-effective method of mortality management. It destroys disease organisms and creates a nutrient-rich product that can be used or sold.
More information from EPA
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