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Vander Haak Dairy

Location Lynden, Washington
Project Type Multiple Farm
Animal Type Dairy
Population Feeding Digester 750
Baseline System Storage Tank or Pond or Pit
Digester Type Mixed Plug Flow
Co-Digestion Egg breakage, fish solids, food breading, sauce, other feedstocks. (18.4 % substrates, mainly from fish processing plant)
System Designer DVO, Inc. (formerly GHD, Inc.) (Design); Andgar, Corp. (General Contractor)
Biogas Generation 137,000 ft3/day
Biogas Use Electricity
Generating Capacity 600 kW
Receiving Utility Puget Sound Energy

Farm Bill Funded Project

Photo of the Caterpillar engine and the finished project building

Photo: Washington State University

Vander Haak Dairy was the first dairy in Washington state to install an anaerobic digester. The dairy utilizes on-farm waste and manure from two neighboring operations to feed the digester.

Manure is scraped into a receiving pit and then pumped into a two-stage mesophilic plug flow digester. During the first stage, waste is mixed and heated to 100°F using recovered heat from the engine-generator set. Residue from the first stage of the digestion system flows by gravity into the second stage where manure is transported through a semi-solid "plug" as new influent is added to the digester. After approximately 20 days, the remaining materials flow into an effluent pit.

Biogas generated from the digester is burned in a reciprocating engine set. Thirty to sixty percent of heat from the engine is used to heat the digesters and the rest is used to dry bedding fiber and heat a house. Excess heat is available to meet additional needs of the dairy.

Vander Haak Dairy's digester project includes the following benefits:

  • Odor reduction
  • Electricity production
  • Energy and cost savings (e.g., bedding and fertilizer reduced heating cost)
  • Estimated annual return of ~8 percent (average years 1-10); ~22 percent (average years 11+)

Digester effluent is separated into solid and liquid streams. Solids are used for on-farm bedding and the rest is sold to neighboring dairies or aftermarkets (e.g., composters) for soil amendment. Liquid effluent is stored in a lagoon where it can be easily pumped to fertilize the land.

If dairy farming on the West Coast is to survive, we need to move ahead with projects like this.
—Darryl Vander Haak, Owner, Vander Haak Dairy

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