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Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP)

RSM-based Benefit Per Ton Estimates

The tables below are updated versions of the tables appearing in The influence of location, source, and emission type in estimates of the human health benefits of reducing a ton of air pollution (Fann, Fulcher and Hubbell 2009). These tables reflect the use of a different VSL estimate than that used to produce the table in the published article. Please contact benmap@epa.gov with questions.

2015 No Threshold - 2006 dollars, Laden et al. (2006) PM mortality risk estimate (3% discount rate)

National 820,000 630,000 520,000 46,000 94,000 67,000 2,800 43,000 110,000 17,000 11,000 12,000
Atlanta 760,000 670,000 710,000 55,000 17,000 48,000 1,400 -4,700 64,000 9,000 -5,100 -4,700
Chicago 590,000 670,000 680,000 33,000 20,000 17,000 3,500 41,000 110,000 1,300 2,300 -10,000
Dallas 1,300,000 900,000 1,300,000 160,000   33,000 690 18,000 41,000 39,000 1,100 430
Denver 320,000 520,000 260,000 86,000 7,300 21,000 1,600 12,000 66,000 3,600 4,300 3,100
NY/Phi 650,000 810,000 900,000 16,000 85,000 57,000 4,900 60,000 160,000 1,700 -3,000 -9,400
Phoenix 2,900,000 1,900,000 1,100,000 83,000   640,000 2,300 17,000 50,000 12,000 -2,400 -780
Salt Lake 160,000 180,000 75,000 17,000   10,000 2,900 34,000 49,000   4,800 1,700
San Joaquin 1,000,000 640,000 820,000 160,000 410,000 52,000 6,600 41,000 160,000 32,000 32,000 50,000
Seattle 570,000 660,000 820,000 62,000 7,300 60,000 640 21,000 56,000 130,000 -2,700 -9,200
  Area
Source
Carbon
Mobile
Source
Carbon
EGU &
Non-EGU
Carbon
Area
Source
SOx
EGU
SOx
Non-EGU
SOx
VOC Area
Source
NH3
Mobile
Source
NH3
EGU
NOx
Non-EGU
NOx
Mobile
Source
NOx
 

2020 No Threshold - 2006 dollars, Laden et al. (2006) PM mortality risk estimate (3% discount rate)

National 910,000 700,000 570,000 50,000 100,000 74,000 3,100 47,000 120,000 19,000 12,000 13,000
Atlanta 760,000 670,000 710,000 55,000 17,000 48,000 1,400 -4,700 64,000 9,000 -5,100 -4,700
Chicago 560,000 640,000 650,000 32,000 19,000 17,000 3,400 39,000 110,000 1,300 2,300 -9,500
Dallas 1,300,000 890,000 1,200,000 150,000   33,000 680 18,000 40,000 39,000 1,000 430
Denver 310,000 510,000 250,000 83,000 7,100 21,000 1,600 11,000 65,000 3,600 4,200 3,000
NY/Phi 610,000 760,000 850,000 15,000 80,000 54,000 4,600 57,000 150,000 1,700 -2,800 -8,900
Phoenix 2,800,000 1,900,000 1,100,000 83,000   630,000 2,300 17,000 49,000 12,000 -2,400 -780
Salt Lake 160,000 170,000 72,000 16,000   10,000 2,800 32,000 47,000   4,700 1,600
San Joaquin 1,000,000 620,000 800,000 150,000 390,000 51,000 6,400 40,000 150,000 31,000 31,000 48,000
Seattle 560,000 650,000 810,000 61,000 6,900 59,000 630 21,000 55,000 130,000 -2,600 -9,100
  Area
Source
Carbon
Mobile
Source
Carbon
EGU &
Non-EGU
Carbon
Area
Source
SOx
EGU
SOx
Non-EGU
SOx
VOC Area
Source
NH3
Mobile
Source
NH3
EGU
NOx
Non-EGU
NOx
Mobile
Source
NOx
 

2030 No Threshold - 2006 dollars, Laden et al. (2006) PM mortality risk estimate (3% discount rate)

National 1,100,000 830,000 660,000 60,000 120,000 87,000 3,600 55,000 140,000 22,000 14,000 15,000
Atlanta 1,100,000 930,000 990,000 78,000 24,000 66,000 2,000 -6,500 90,000 13,000 -7,000 -6,500
Chicago 750,000 860,000 870,000 42,000 26,000 22,000 4,500 53,000 150,000 1,900 3,200 -13,000
Dallas 1,800,000 1,200,000 1,700,000 210,000   45,000 940 25,000 55,000 53,000 1,400 610
Denver 440,000 710,000 350,000 120,000 9,800 29,000 2,200 16,000 92,000 5,100 5,900 4,200
NY/Phi 820,000 1,000,000 1,100,000 21,000 110,000 73,000 6,200 76,000 200,000 2,500 -3,700 -12,000
Phoenix 4,000,000 2,700,000 1,600,000 120,000   900,000 3,300 24,000 70,000 17,000 -3,400 -1,100
Salt Lake 210,000 230,000 100,000 22,000   14,000 3,800 43,000 63,000   6,400 2,200
San Joaquin 1,400,000 870,000 1,100,000 210,000 550,000 71,000 8,900 55,000 210,000 42,000 43,000 68,000
Seattle 790,000 910,000 1,100,000 86,000 8,900 83,000 890 28,000 78,000 190,000 -3,700 -13,000
  Area
Source
Carbon
Mobile
Source
Carbon
EGU &
Non-EGU
Carbon
Area
Source
SOx
EGU
SOx
Non-EGU
SOx
VOC Area
Source
NH3
Mobile
Source
NH3
EGU
NOx
Non-EGU
NOx
Mobile
Source
NOx

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