Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP)
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The briefings linked below contain additional background information on the model.
- Estimating Morbidity and Mortality Attributable to Air Pollution in New York City (PDF) (16pp, 1.2 MB). This presentation was delivered as a BenMAP webinar by Iyad Kheirbek, NYC Department and Health and Mental Hygiene.
- Estimating health impacts at the urban scale (PDF) (15pp, 2.0 MB). This presentation was delivered to the 2009 meeting of the International Society of Environmental Epidemiology.
- Using EPAs Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program for Global Health Impacts Analysis (PDF) (9pp, 115k), written by NNEMS Fellow Susan Casper. This document describes how to use BenMAP to estimate global health benefits, including how best to identify and import health and air quality data.
- BenMAP Presentation to EPA Science Advisory Board - March 2007 (PDF) (28pp, 2.0 MB)
- BenMAP Presentation to United Nations - May 2007 (PDF) (29pp, 1.6 MB)
The links below contain a series of training slides and in-class exercises from a previous training session. Training topics include the importation of air quality data, creating and running a configuration and finally, aggregating, pooling and valuating results.
- BenMAP Quick Start Guide (For International Use) (zip file) (9.5 MB): this zip file contains a Quick Start Guide and sample data files needed during the training course.
- Users interested in classroom based training may attend the Community Modeling and Analysis System provided training (www.cmascenter.org). The 3-day BenMAP class is generally offered twice a year. Please contact EPA at BenMAP@epa.gov for more information about the classroom training.
Analysts have used the BenMAP model to answer a variety of policy questions. Below we link to the abstracts of several recent articles in which the authors used BenMAP to estimate air pollution-related health impacts and monetized benefits.
Local- and regional-scale analyses
- Cohan, Boylan, Marmur and Khan (2007). An Integrated Framework for Multipollutant Air Quality Management and Its Application in Georgia.
- Hubbell et al. (2009). Methodological considerations in developing local-scale health impact assessments: balancing national, regional and local data.
- Wesson, Fann, Morris, Fox and Hubbell (2010). A multi-pollutant, risk-based approach to air quality management: Case study for Detroit.
- Fann et al. (2011). Maximizing Health Benefits and Minimizing Inequality: Incorporating Local-Scale Data in the Design and Evaluation of Air Quality Policies.
- Kheirbek, Wheeler, Walters, Kaas and Matte (2013). PM2.5 and ozone health impacts and disparities in New York City: sensitivity to spatial and temporal resolution.
- Nowak, Hirabayashi, Bodine and Hoehn (2013). Modeled PM2.5 removal by trees in ten U.S. cities and associated health effects.
Analyses performed outside of the U.S.
- Bae and Park (2009). Health benefits of improving air quality in the rapidly aging Korean society.
- He, Lei, Pan, Zhang, Zhang and Chen (2010). Co-benefits from energy policies in China.
- Boldo et al. (2011). Health Impact Assessment of a Reduction in Ambient PM2.5 Levels in Spain.
- Chae and Park (2011). Quantifying costs and benefits of integrated environmental strategies of air quality management and greenhouse gas reduction in the Seoul Metropolitan Area.
- Sonawane, Patil and Sthi (2012). Health benefit modelling and optimization of vehicular pollution control strategies.
- Nawahda (2013). Reductions of PM2.5 Air Concentrations and Possible Effects on Premature Mortality in Japan.
- Boldo et al. (2014). Air Quality Modeling and Mortality Impact of Fine Particles Reduction Policies in Spain.
Health impacts of monitored changes in air quality
- Hubbell et al. (2005). Health-Related Benefits of Attaining the 8-Hr Ozone Standard.
- Fann and Risley (2011). The Public Health Context for PM2.5 and Ozone Air Quality Trends.
- Berman et al. (2012). Health Benefits from Large-Scale Ozone Reduction in the United States.
Health burden of recent and/or future modeled air quality
- Fann et al. (2011). Estimating the National Public Health Burden Associated with PM2.5 and Ozone.
- Fann, Fulcher and Baker (2013). The Recent and Future Health Burden of Air Pollution Apportioned Across U.S. Sectors.
- Punger and West (2013). The effect of grid resolution on estimates of the burden of ozone and fine particulate matter on premature mortality in the USA.
- Thompson, Saari and Selin (2013). Air quality resolution for health impacts assessment: influence of regional characteristics.
Transportation-related health impacts
- Winebrake, Corbett, Green, Lauer and Eyring (2009). Mitigating the Health Impacts of Pollution from Oceangoing Shipping: An Assessment of Low-Sulfur Fuel Mandates.
- Grabow et al. (2012). Air Quality and Exercise-Related Health Benefits from Reduced Car Travel in the Midwestern United States.
- von Stackelberg, Buonocore, Bhave and Schwartz (2013). Public health impacts of secondary particulate formation from aromatic hydrocarbons in gasoline.
Reduced-form benefits assessments
- Fann et al. (2009). The influence of location, source, and emission type in estimates of the human health benefits of reducing a ton of air pollution.
- Fann, Baker and Fulcher (2012). Characterizing the PM2.5-Related Health Benefits of Emission Reductions for 17 Industrial, Area and Mobile Emission Sectors Across the U.S.
- Machol and Rizk (2013). Economic value of U.S. fossil fuel electricity health impacts.
- Hill, Polasky, Nelson, Tilman, Huo, Ludig, Neumann, Zheng and Bonta (2008). Climate change and health costs of air emissions from biofuels and gasoline.
- Tagaris, Liao, DeLucia, Deck, Amar and Russell (2009). Potential Impact of Climate Change on Air Pollution-Related Human Health Effects.
- Tagaris, Liao, DeLucia, Deck, Amar and Russell (2010). Sensitivity of Air Pollution-Induced Premature Mortality to Precursor Emissions under the Influence of Climate Change.
- Voorhees et al. (2011). Climate change-related temperature impacts on warm season heat mortality: A proof-of-concept methodology using BenMAP.
- Post, Grambsch, Weaver, Morefield, Huang, Leung, Nolte, Adams, Liang, Zhu and Mahoney (2012). Variation in Estimated Ozone-Related Health Impacts of Climate Change due to Modeling Choices and Assumptions.
BenMAP Manual and Appendices
These manuals refer to BenMAP version 4.0. Users interested in the manual for earlier versions should contact EPA at BenMAP@epa.gov.
- BenMAP Manual (PDF) (272pp, 6.7 MB)
- BenMAP Manual Appendices (PDF) (255pp, 4.9 MB)
- BenMAP Manual Appendices Addendum (1/11/2013)(PDF) (6pp, 163k)