Clean Air Excellence Awards
Past Award Recipients
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Regulatory/Policy Innovations Award Recipients
Seaport Air Quality Program
Port of Seattle, WA
The Port of Seattle is successfully reducing maritime-related emissions through collaboration with the maritime industry, regulatory agencies and the community. Using the 2005 Puget Sound Maritime Air Emissions Inventory as a baseline, the Port of Seattle partnered with the Port of Tacoma, Port Metro Vancouver and several regulatory agencies to develop the Northwest Ports Clean Air Strategy in 2007. The Strategy's objective is to reduce diesel and greenhouse gas emissions in advance of regulatory requirements. The Port of Seattle applied a science-based approach to develop programs focused on several maritime sectors, including the At-Berth Clean Fuels Program to incentivize the use of lower sulfur fuels by ocean-going vessels, a drayage truck scrapping program, and the Green Gateway Partner Awards program to recognize environmental accomplishments of container and cruise lines.
Using an updated 2011 emission inventory, the Port of Seattle estimates that overall diesel particulate matter emissions were reduced by 27 percent between 2005 and 2011, including reductions of 34 percent from ocean-going vessels at berth, 53 percent from trucks and 39 percent from cargo-handling equipment. In addition, greenhouse gases from Port activities have gone down by 5 percent over the same time period.
The Port is working with its partners to continue to make progress. With an updated Northwest Ports Clean Air Strategy in 2013, the Port has set new goals of reducing diesel particulate matter emissions per ton of cargo by 75 percent of 2005 levels by 2015 and 80 percent by 2020. In addition, the Port has set goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions per ton of cargo by 10 percent from 2005 levels by 2015 and 15 percent by 2020. The Port is developing and implementing new programs to achieve these goals.
Rapid Response Notification System
Maricopa County Air Quality Department
Maricopa County's Rapid Response Notification System is designed to provide real-time air monitoring information and an immediate notification of and response to a pollution problem within the county. The notification system was developed to provide an alert the moment Maricopa County air monitoring sites detected elevated levels of PM-10 pollution. The first step in this process was to outfit the department's air monitoring sites with updated equipment. The technology would allow for sites to report real-time monitoring data. Thirteen air monitoring sites were outfitted with the improved communication technology. The second step was getting the data from the monitors to the public. Maricopa County's Information Technology group established a notification system to automatically send an email, text message, Twitter and Facebook post when a Rapid Response Notification was enabled.
GHG Emission Reduction Projects
The Frito Lay Beloit, Wisconsin facility developed a five year sustainability strategy that focuses on resource conservation and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, through the use of innovative technology and employee engagement. From 2000 through 2010, the site reduced natural gas by 40 percent, water by 50 percent, and electricity by 20 percent per pound of finished product reducing greenhouse gas emission s by 25percent in manufacturing. The facility also averages less than 1% of its waste stream going to landfill, demonstrating the site's commitment to recycling. The employees are highly engaged in community events and sustainability conferences, where they share best practices with school and environmental organizations, as well as other industries.
A key focus of the facility's strategy included the implementation of heat recovery technologies, which generate free heat for the facility, hot water for cooking/cleaning applications and significant natural gas usage reduction on multiple manufacturing platforms. Electrical savings were driven through the use of variable frequency drives on large horsepower motors, LED lighting conversions, lean six sigma exercises on compressed air and nitrogen usage, and the optimization of energy consumption with the facility's production schedule. Likewise, employees delivered water improvements through more efficient cleaning practices. On the fleet side, the Frito Lay Beloit, Wisconsin Traffic center reduced idle miles an average of 8 percent annually, through the use of Wabasto idle free technology and a driver MPG recognition challenge.
In 2010, it became the State of Wisconsin's first food manufacturing site to be awarded LEED® for Existing Buildings Gold certification from the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC). The Frito Lay Beloit, Wisconsin facility continues to focus on projects to reduce the gas, water, electricity, diesel fuel more efficiently and reduce GHG emissions.
Energy Performance Standards for Developments of Regional Impact
The Cape Cod Commission.
In 2009, the Cape Cod Regional Policy Plan, a five-year planning and land-use regulatory framework prepared for Barnstable County, Massachusetts, was amended to include an energy goal and minimum performance standards that target emissions and energy use for projects reviewed by the Cape Cod Commission, the region’s planning and regulatory agency. For development proposals above a certain threshold (i.e., commercial development greater than 10,000 square feet in area), the development must obtain Energy Star certification, follow efficient building-envelope design standards, and provide 10 percent of the project’s energy demand on-site. Projects implementing green building practices or pursuing LEED certification may be eligible for waivers from the on-site standard. The standards acknowledge the inherent energy savings of compact, mixed-use development located in areas with existing infrastructure. The first project permitted and built under the new standards is a 60,000 square foot warehouse/office redevelopment completed by the F.W. Webb Company, a local plumbing and heating supply distributor. The building features a hybrid solar thermal and geothermal heating system designed to utilize 15 kBtu per square foot. Ongoing energy monitoring has shown the building is performing to the level at which it was designed and is realizing an annual energy cost savings of approximately $20,000 based on current natural gas prices in the Hyannis area. The facility has become a model project for the company and the energy-efficient design features are being implemented at other F.W. Webb locations throughout New England.
Regional Emissions Enforcement Program
North Central Texas Council of Governments
The Regional Emissions Enforcement Program was developed and is administered by the North Central Texas Council of Governments (NCTCOG), to assist local law enforcement to reduce fraudulent and illegal emissions inspection activities. Approximately 10 percent of vehicles are responsible for over 50 percent of emissions in the North Central Texas nine-county nonattainment area. Many vehicles failing the emissions inspection opt to display counterfeit or fraudulent inspection certificates instead of performing repairs. The NCTCOG Emissions Database (NED) was developed to provide law enforcement 24/7 access to emissions records to assist in identifying improper inspections and counterfeit certificates. NED is also utilized to perform covert investigations to determine which inspections stations are conducting improper inspections. This program has revealed issues such as counterfeit inspection certificates and vehicle inspection reports, “clean scanned” vehicles (a passing vehicle is tested in place of the failing vehicle), and simulators used in place of the actual emissions analyzers. Activities are also linked to money laundering, other counterfeit government issued documents, drug, weapons and human trafficking/smuggling rings in Texas and Mexico. NCTCOG also works with the Texas Attorney General to prosecute auto dealerships offering “clean scanned” vehicles for sale to the public. These ongoing collaborative efforts by the various agencies reduce fraudulent activity to reduce emissions and improve the overall quality of life for the citizens of North Central Texas.
Eglin Air Force Base Air Quality Compliance
96 CEG/CEV (Environment Management Division)
Eglin Air Force Base (AFB), home of the Air Armament Center, in partnership with its associate units, is the heart of the team that covers the complete weapon-system lifecycle from concept through development - research & development testing, operational testing and evaluation, acquisition and procurement, and deployment into combat. This synergy is called, “Team Eglin.” The Eglin AFB Air Quality Compliance Assistance Program (AQCAP) is an air quality assurance program that combines web-based compliance tools, standardized procedures, compliance checklists and a knowledgeable compliance team that empowers everyone to use the homegrown tools to assure compliance with air quality regulations and policies. Eglin AFB established the AQCAP in 2002 to ensure continuity of operations in spite of regular personnel deployment and changeover inherent to military operations at organizations that effect air quality compliance. The AQCAP takes a “white hat” approach to compliance, working with shop personnel and organizational commanders. The program has produced innovative guidance documents such as the Air Source Manager’s Guide, which is used by the base’s 64 Air Source Managers (ASM). The program also developed web-based tools including training courses and database systems that provide ready access to air quality inventory and related data. A compliance team member visits each organization quarterly and assists the ASM in developing, implementing and maintaining a customized organizational Operational Air Management Plan and Continuity Guide. As the number of compliance assistance team site visits increased, Eglin’s criteria pollutant emissions have decreased by 36 percent, from 600 tons in 2005 (297 site visits) to 384 tons in 2009 (404 site visits).
Go Green Tallahassee — City of Tallahassee Florida
The Environmental Policy and Energy Resource Department has successfully structured and implemented air quality enhancement goals through overall sound environmental practices in numerous diverse programs. Some specific programs that were implemented were: the achievement of Silver and Gold Florida Green Building Coalition Certification in a single year (first City in Florida-Gold status), the repowering of Hopkins Electric Plant, Fleet's Biodiesel Production, Fleet's Electric Vehicle Conversions, Implementation of Environmental Management System (ISO 14001), Tallahassee Neighborhood Energy Challenge support, Greening the Government grant implementation through Florida's Department of Environmental Protection, Think About Personal Pollution (TAPP) Program. They are working on a StarMetro transit program, and Kill-A-Watt Device Loan Program for employee work and home. They have initiated Municipal Anti-idling and Fuel Conservation Policy, and Waste Reduction Policy and Environmentally Preferred Purchasing Practices. All of these have direct and indirect reduction of emissions and focus on sustainable environmental stewardship.
Solar Renewable Energy Credit — New Jersey Board of Public Utilities
New Jersey Board of Public utilities (BPU) established a model program and integrated approach to solar development that includes a strong renewable portfolio standard (RPS) with a solar set-aside that has helped to create sustainable demand and investor confidence, an interconnection and net metering standards that have made it easier for systems to connect to distribution system, and a Solar Renewable Energy Certificate (SREC) financing model that facilitates long term financing. The RPS requires that 2.12 percent of electricity come from solar by 2021. In August 2004, NJ BPU developed an Internet-based system designed to track SRECs and facilitate compliance with the RPS. In September 2007, NJBPU unanimously approved the transition of New Jersey’s solar program to a fiscally responsible, market-based system that will foster the continued growth of solar. Under this program, system owners earn SRECs for electricity production, which are traded among electricity suppliers and other buyers. In June 2009 they announced the 100th solar energy system installed under the SREC program bringing total capacity installed in New Jersey without the benefit of an upfront rebate to over 22 MW. Total New Jersey based installations exceeds 4,000, and the State ranks second in the nation for both number of installations and installed capacity. New Jersey’s SREC program is the first in the nation to successfully begin to transition away from up-front incentives to a market-based system for project finance. They are avoiding more than 71,098 metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions each year.
Nez Perce Tribe Air Quality Program — Nez Perce Tribe Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Division, Meridian, Idaho
The Nez Perce Tribe Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Division’s Air Quality Program is a model program that has developed and implemented a number of significant innovative air quality programs that go beyond applicable laws and regulations. An example of this leadership is the Nez Perce Tribe’s smoke management program. This program promotes community awareness of air quality concerns in connection with agricultural, open, and forestry burning.
The Nez Perce Tribe’s smoke management program, which has been in place since 2002 in a voluntary capacity, has achieved compliance through collaboration. The policies implemented by the program provide flexibility to the regulated community by allowing input, ownership, and responsibility to them as the affected public. There are also collaborative meetings with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), states, and tribes in the region to amend the program’s policies and procedures.
The voluntary nature of the program allowed the agricultural community to prepare for the Federal Air Rules for Reservations (FARR) implementation in 2005. The agricultural community, which initially resisted the new FARR rules, now fully supports the program and is encouraging the State of Idaho to parallel the Nez Perce Tribe’s smoke management program. The vision of the program is that the technical guidance and burn prescriptions will always be living documents to be revisited when warranted to implement changes as necessary.
The Nez Perce Tribe has initiated a better understanding of the need for the tool of burning to include protection of the public’s health and welfare. The Nez Perce Tribe continues to provide leadership through their collaborative air quality policies.
Green Flag Incentive Program — Port of Long Beach, Long Beach, Calif.
The Port of Long Beach’s Green Flag Incentive Program is an innovative air quality initiative that provides incentives for ships to voluntarily slow down within 20 nautical miles of the harbor to decrease fuel consumption and reduce air pollution in communities surrounding the Port. The $2.2 million per year program, which began in January 2006, reduces air pollution through a creative partnership with the shipping industry.
The program incentives include reduced dockage rates and environmental recognition for vessel operators who voluntarily reduce speeds when arriving or departing from the Port. Ocean carriers (the companies that operate the vessels) who achieve 90 percent compliance in a calendar year are eligible for a 15 percent reduction in their dockage rates. Individual vessels earn a “Green Flag” award when they achieve 100 percent compliance with the program for an entire calendar year.
In 2007, the program cut air pollution from ships at the Port by an estimated 678 tons of nitrogen oxides, 453 tons of sulfur oxides and 60 tons of diesel particulate matter. In addition, the program reduced greenhouse gases by more than 24,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide equivalent.
In 2008 compliance reached 93 percent, and in 2009 the Port of Long Beach expanded the program to offer additional incentives for ships that slow down within 40 nautical miles of the harbor to further reduce air pollution. As the Green Flag Incentive Program evolves, it will continue to make a significant difference in reducing air pollution by going above and beyond current laws and regulations.
Gila River Indian Community Air Quality Management Plan — Gila River Indian Community (GRIC) Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Air Quality Program Team
The Gila River Indian Community (GRIC), in Arizona, has developed a multi-program Air Quality Management Plan (AQMP) that is the most comprehensive plan developed by a tribe to regulate air quality under the Clean Air Act (CAA). The AQMP was enacted into tribal law by the GRIC Council in December 2006.
The tribal AQMP significantly reduces emissions by establishing regulatory requirements (e.g., emission limits, operating requirements and work practices) for stationary and area sources that did not exist prior to the tribal AQMP. The AQMP also establishes three air quality monitoring stations located throughout the Community. GRIC air quality personnel measure ambient concentrations of criteria air pollutants for comparison against the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) and toxics as a primary member of the Joint Air Toxics Assessment Project (JATAP). GRIC also collects ambient air quality data to measure the positive impacts of air quality management and regulation at GRIC. Additionally, the GRIC AQMP contains a detailed preconstruction permitting program for non-major sources of air pollution that enables GRIC to regulate the construction and modification of such sources, and to require pollution control measures where necessary to meet applicable CAA requirements.
Gila River’s AQMP is a national air quality model for tribes. Furthermore, the substantial outreach conducted by the GRIC Department of Environmental Quality Air Team and support from all key stakeholders is a model for all environmental regulatory programs.
San Pedro Bay Ports Clean Air Action Plan — The Port of Long Beach and the Port of Los Angeles
The Clean Air Action Plan (CAAP) is a joint venture between the Port of Long Beach and the Port of Los Angeles (the Ports) and regulatory agencies that was created to: 1) set goals at the San Pedro ports, including project specific standards and source specific performance standards; 2) implement strategies to reach these goals; 3) create a Technology Advancement Program (TAP); and 4) track and monitor emissions from the Ports.
The CAAP’s goal is to reduce emissions and associated health risks from heavy-duty vehicles, oceangoing vessels, cargo-handling equipment, harbor craft, and railroad locomotives involved in port operations. Both Ports now have berths equipped with shore-power and have committed $10 million to replace all Pacific Harbor Line locomotives, with cleaner units, by 2008. The Ports also established the Voluntary Speed Reduction Program in which vessels slow to 12 knots when they are within 20 nautical miles of Point Fermin, which reduces NOx and PM emissions. Both Ports are also moving forward with a Clean Trucks Program which requires that all trucks calling at the Ports meet the 2007 on-road standard by 2012. Finally, the TAP focuses on identifying, evaluating, and demonstrating new and emerging emission reduction technologies applicable to the port industry.
CAAP will be tracked through annual emissions inventories that are developed in cooperation with the air quality regulatory agencies. The CAAP will serve as a model for other ports to follow in future years.
City of Minneapolis Sustainability Initiative — Environmental Services, Minneapolis, MN
In 2003, the City of Minneapolis launched a Sustainability Initiative to renew its commitment to building a sustainable infrastructure for present and future residents. The Initiative includes a set of 24 indicators that guide the city’s commitment with over a quarter of these indicators specifically related to improving air quality. The Indicators include policy and regulatory initiatives that have made significant improvements to the City’s air quality. These efforts range from banning smoking in bars to instituting idle-reduction policies for Public Works vehicles, and purchasing hybrid and low sulfur buses. Also Minneapolis, in partnership with the Minneapolis Park and Recreation Board planted 9,600 trees on public lands and provided funding to the nonprofit Tree Trust to distribute an additional 1,000 trees to residents. The City’s regulatory and policy innovations support its commitment to ensure clean air for all citizens.
Emissions Reductions, Green Building and Renewable Energy — New Jersey Meadowlands Commission, Lyndhurst, NJ
In July 2006, the New Jersey Meadowlands Commission (NJMC) announced that it had developed a set of comprehensive policies and regulations aimed at improving air quality in the 14-town Meadowlands District in an ongoing commitment to lower the levels of greenhouse gas emissions and improve renewable energy infrastructure. In order to reduce the region’s dependence on fossil fuel, the NJMC established a task force to draft a Renewable Energy Master Plan that will articulate strategies and methods to increase energy efficiency and renewable energy applications in the Meadowlands District. In addition, the NJMC has plans to build a photovoltaic solar energy array on its own properties, with the goal of expanding the grid to generate 20MW of renewable energy by 2020.
Tippecanoe Laboratories Flexible Permit — Eli Lilly and Company, Tippecanoe Laboratories and Indiana Department of Environmental Management, Office of Air Quality
In February 2004, the Indiana Department of Environmental Management Office of Air Quality issued an innovative permit to Eli Lilly and Company Tippecanoe Laboratories that combines the Title V and Prevention of Significant Deterioration permitting requirements. Three years in the making, this collaboration involved many diverse stakeholders creating a permit to provide Eli Lilly and Company with substantial flexibility to grow and upgrade its facilities with reduced administrative review and delay. This was accomplished through innovative permit terms that require state of the art emission controls and continuous emissions monitoring. The permit establishes annual emission caps of five pollutants at levels significantly below previously allowed rates. Since the issuance, Lilly has saved more than 1,000 hours of administrative time and IDEM estimates it has saved 250-300 staff hours. EPA is considering rule changes to promote flexible permits that have consistencies with the Lilly model.
Port of Seattle Air Quality Program — Port of Seattle
The Port of Seattle’s Air Quality Program reduces emissions from cars, trucks, ships, and other vehicles at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport and seaport operations. At the Seattle-Tacoma International Airport air emission reduction is achieved through: requiring vehicles from off-site locations to use natural gas, installing new aircraft fueling systems, converting an entire airlines ground operation to electric vehicles, and requiring construction equipment to use newer engines and ultra low sulfur diesel. The Port is implementing a voluntary effort to reduce emissions from seaport operations through the use of emission reduction controls, cleaner fuels, and education and outreach. Other efforts include leading the Puget Sound Maritime Air Forum, a voluntary regional association that includes maritime organizations, air agencies, and other parties to improve the understanding of maritime-related emissions sources.
The Kansas City Regional Clean Air Action Plan — Mid-America Regional Council
The Mid-America Regional Council’s Kansas City Clean Air Action Plan (CAAP) is a comprehensive voluntary plan to provide cleaner air for the region’s residents and to maintain ground-level ozone attainment for the metropolitan area. The development of the CAAP began as a 12-member working group consisting of local elected officials and representatives from business, regulated industries, and advocacy groups. Through regularly held public meetings and a regional air quality workshop, the working group developed a variety of voluntary strategies to target multiple sources of emissions. The highest ranked strategies were modeled to determine their impact on air quality. The work group’s selected strategies formed the CAAP. In March 2005, the CAAP was endorsed by the Board of Directors of the Mid-America Regional Council, Kansas City’s designated metropolitan and air quality planning organization.
Clean Energy & Clean Transportation in Medford, Massachusetts — City of Medford
In 1999, Mayor McGlynn committed the City to reducing greenhouse gas emissions by joining ICLEI’s Cities for Climate Protection Campaign, which led to the development of Medford’s Municipal Climate Action Plan in 2001. The city has made great strides in implementing several of the plan’s challenging recommendations, including: significantly increasing the energy efficiency of its municipal buildings; integrating Biodiesel (B20) and electric cars into the fleet; converting traffic signals to Energy Star light emitting diodes (LEDs); and installing photovoltaic panels at City Hall and Hormel Stadium. More recently, the City has retrofitted the school buses with diesel particulate filters and converted to ultra low sulfur diesel to achieve up to a 90% reduction in criteria air pollutants. The City has also recently kicked off a campaign, Medford Leads with Clean Energy, with the goal of encouraging residents and local businesses to support clean energy.
Mohegan Integrated Emission Reductions — The Mohegan Environmental Protection Department
The Mohegan Environmental Protection Department collaborated with the Mohegan Sun Resort and Casino to develop a comprehensive environmental policy to reduce pollution and increase energy efficiency. This program has implemented a myriad of pollution reduction strategies which span the areas of building energy, transportation, and materials management in a holistic systems approach to environmental management. Building energy systems employ co-generation, fuel cells, electrolytic hydrogen generators, solar panels and a ground-source heat pump HVAC. Transportation efficiencies are enhanced by: replacing Reservation Security Department vehicles with gas-electric hybrid automobiles and bicycles and assisting with financing for a school bus retrofit program in the nearby City of Norwich. Waste management is guided by a pollution prevention (P2) policy that eliminates emissions from the combustion of solid waste; low VOC paints; green purchasing; and infrared scanning of buildings to detect and remedy heat loss.
Clean Smokestacks Act — State of North Carolina and multiple partners; North Carolina
In 2002, the North Carolina General Assembly enacted legislation that requires power companies to reduce their emissions by three-fourths over the next decade. Under the Clean Smokestacks Act, coal-fired power plants must achieve a 77 percent cut in nitrogen oxide emissions by 2009, and a 73 percent cut in sulfur dioxide emissions by 2013. These cuts should lead to significant reductions in ozone, haze, acid rain, and fine particles. The bill also requires the North Carolina Division of Air Quality to conduct a study of mercury and carbon dioxide emissions and to recommend possible additional controls by September 2005. The Clean Smokestacks Act is the result of extensive negotiations spearheaded by North Carolina Governor Mike Easley and his staff. The final Act provides a positive example of what can be achieved when industry, environmental groups, state agencies, and public interest associations collaborate to improve air quality.
3M Investment in the Environment and Education — 3M; Areas Nationwide
3M has long been a leader in fostering environmentally beneficial programs. Through its work to reduce pollution, 3M generated emissions reductions credits (ERCs). 3M adopted a policy to either donate the companys ERCs to governmental agencies for air quality improvement or to sell the credits and donate the net proceeds to projects that worked to improve the environment. Before selling credits, 3M verified that the buyers were installing the latest environmental technology, that they had a good environmental record, and that they had an environmental management program in place. 3M then donated the funds to projects that aligned with 3Ms core contribution areas, which include childrens health, the environment, and education.
Chicago Industrial Rebuild Program — Chicago Department of Environment; Chicago, Illinois
The City of Chicago developed its Industrial Energy Efficiency Program to help the most energy and waste intensive industries in Chicago become more efficient. Each year, the City works with a selected industry to improve energy use, pollution prevention, and economic development. The City of Chicago offers companies within the selected industry an energy and pollution assessment funded by the City. The program also includes a revolving loan program that is tied to renewable energy goals.
The New Hampshire Dioxin Reduction Strategy — New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services; Concord, New Hampshire
To quantify and address statewide environmental impacts of dioxin, the New Hampshire Department of Environmental Services (DES) created the New Hampshire Dioxin Reduction Strategy. DES collaborated with stakeholders to develop a comprehensive, statewide inventory of dioxin releases and to make recommendations designed to substantially reduce dioxin in New Hampshire. Early reduction efforts in the areas of medical waste incineration and backyard trash burning already have reduced statewide dioxin emissions by 30 percent.
Indiana Nitrogen Oxides Control Rule — Indiana Department of Environmental Management; Indiana.
The Indiana Department of Environmental Management has incorporated an incentive program in its Nitrogen Oxides Control Rule to encourage clean and efficient sources of power. The program sets aside two percent of Indiana's total nitrogen oxides emissions budget to be awarded annually to new and existing projects that demonstrate leading-edge processes that reduce energy demands. These projects include wind and solar projects, fuel cells, and combined heat and power projects that meet an established efficiency standard.
Diesel Solutions — Puget Sound Clean Air Agency and Partners; Puget Sound Region, Washington.
The Puget Sound Clean Air Agency and its partners developed the voluntary Diesel Solutions program to make diesel vehicles cleaner. Working with EPA's Office of Transportation and Air Quality's Retrofit Team, the partners are using retrofit technologies to reduce fine particle, hydrocarbon, and toxic emissions up to 90 percent.
Merck Project XL — Merck & Co., Inc.; Elkton, Virginia.
Merck, along with the National Park Service, the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, EPA, and members of local communities developed a simplified air permit for the Merck Stonewall Plant in Elkton, Virginia. This permit establishes a cap on site-wide emissions of total criteria pollutants. The cap is set at 20 percent less than the recent actual level of those emissions. The environmental benefits result from the conversion of the plant's steam generating powerhouse, which formerly burned coal, to natural gas. After the first year of performance, actual emissions have been reduced by over 1,300 tons per year.
City of Los Angeles Energy Climate Action Plan — City of Los Angeles Environmental Affairs Department; Los Angeles, California.
Adopted by the Mayor and City Council in March 2001, the Los Angeles Energy Climate Action Plan demonstrates how Los Angeles will reduce its carbon dioxide emissions by 30 percent from 1990 to 2010, while also lowering its energy costs. The Plan includes strategies to aggressively pursue energy efficiency in City buildings, fleet vehicles, and equipment. The Plan also calls for significantly reducing the City's reliance on fossil-fuel generated power by purchasing renewable resources to meet a portion of the City's electricity needs.
Michigan Source Reduction Initiative. This Initiative is a public-private partnership formed to reduce waste and emissions through pollution prevention and waste minimization activities. Through collaborative approaches, the Initiative led to waste and emissions reductions from Dow Chemical Company's Michigan Operations and significant annual savings.
Pollution Prevention in Permitting Pilot Program. The Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, Intel-Oregon, and U.S. EPA Region 10 collaborated to write an air permit that promotes environmental protection and streamlines regulatory compliance requirements. Implementation of this permitting system has resulted in a 56-percent reduction in volatile organic compounds and has enabled an Intel Corporation facility to achieve minor source status.
Maryland's Smart Growth Initiative. Maryland has introduced measures that encourage redevelopment of existing urban areas and increase development densities. The Smart Growth Initiative provides better planning for the land already in use, preserves rural landscapes, and emphasizes public transportation and pedestrian access to reduce air pollutants from mobile sources.
Voluntary Low Reid Vapor Pressure Program. In the summer of 1999, several petroleum companies stepped forward, at the request of the Puget Sound Clean Air Agency, to combat high regional emissions by voluntarily producing lower Reid Vapor Pressure gasoline. The use of the new gasoline resulted in a 10-percent reduction of volatile organic compounds in one summer, helping the region meet the federal air quality ozone standard.
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