How long should an area plan on participating in PM Advance?
Participation should last for a period of five years or longer as needed/desired. Participants may terminate their involvement in PM Advance at any time, with notice to EPA. Similarly, EPA may end a state, tribal or local government's participation in the program at any time, such as where a participant does not demonstrate effort to make air quality improvements during the course of the program.
Does PM Advance establish new or avoid existing regulatory requirements?
No, this program does not create or avoid any regulatory requirements. Participation in PM Advance does not allow the participant(s) or regulated entities in those communities to avoid applicable requirements under the Clean Air Act, EPA regulations, or an approved SIP. While the program itself does not establish any regulatory requirements for state, tribal, or local government participants, if, as part of the program, state, tribal, or local authorities adopt regulations, such regulations likely would establish enforceable requirements on the regulated entities (i.e. enforceable by the state or local government; state and local regulations may even become Federally enforceable if they are incorporated into the SIP).
Will states receive SIP credit for emission reduction measures undertaken as part of PM Advance?
EPA will not, as part of PM Advance, review commitments made under PM Advance for purposes of approval or disapproval into a SIP. However, if an area participating in PM Advance is subsequently designated nonattainment for the 2012 PM2.5 NAAQS or any future revised PM2.5 NAAQS, emission reductions achieved from measures implemented as part of the program could generally be accounted for in future SIP planning.
Can EPA guarantee that participating in PM Advance will cause an area to remain in attainment?
EPA can provide no guarantees. A participating state, tribal, and/or local government's success in the program depends largely on its/their level of commitment and the effectiveness of the actions taken.
How does PM Advance relate to Ozone Advance?
Both are part of the Advance Program, which encourages actions that may help attainment areas create a better cushion against future nonattainment. Areas that sign up for both PM and Ozone Advance can develop and implement a single, multi-pollutant strategy that addresses PM2.5 and ozone.
Read the PM Advance Memo and Guidance January 17, 2013 (PDF) (40pp, 2.4MB) for detailed program information.