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Monitoring - Resources: Publications and Reports

Publications and Reports

Technical Audience: Clean Air Initiative Air Quality Monitoring and Data
Clean Air World: Monitoring Links
EMEP Ambient Monitoring Data
EMEP Monitoring Strategy for 2004-2009
India's National Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Network Data
Japan Analytical Methods for Dioxins from Ambient Air
New Zealand Guide for Air Quality Monitoring and Data Management
Singapore: Accredited Bodies for Source Emission Testing
Singapore Air Quality Monitoring Overview
UK National Air Quality Information Archive
U.S. EPA's Air Quality System (AQS)
U.S. EPA's Ambient Monitoring Technology Information Center (AMTIC)U.S. EPA Continuous Emissions Monitoring Fact Sheet
U.S. EPA's Continuous Emission Monitoring Guidance
U.S. EPA's Emission Measurement Center (EMC) Methods
World Data Centre for Greenhouse Gases (WDCGG)
World Health Organization (WHO) Air Management Information System (AMIS)

AQM System Flow Chart Highlighting Monitoring
Clean Air Initiative Air Quality Monitoring and Data

http://www.cleanairnet.org/cai/1403/article-33690.html Exit EPA

The Clean Air Initiative web site provides general information on air quality monitoring and data and describes the components that are essential to the establishment of an air quality monitoring and assessment program. Links are included for the World Health Organization's (WHO's) information manuals on what to monitor, where to monitor, and how to monitor. The site also provides a link to the Air Management Information System (AMIS), a global air quality information exchange system that WHO developed, which comprises air pollution data from about 100 cities in 40 countries.

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Clean Air World: Monitoring Links

http://www.cleanairworld.org/TopicDetails.asp?parent=21 Exit EPA

General information is provided on the Clean Air World website related to measuring air pollution, including a brief description of monitoring and related links.

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EMEP Ambient Monitoring Data

http://www.nilu.no/projects/ccc/emepdata.html Exit EPA

The Co-operative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-Range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP) site links to ambient monitoring data from approximately 40 countries in the EMEP network in Europe with time series of daily values and monthly and annual means from 1977 to 2000 for ozone data and data on acidification/eutrophication in air and precipitation.

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EMEP Monitoring Strategy for 2004-2009

http://www.nilu.no/projects/ccc/reports/cccr9-2003.pdf (PDF, 71 pp., 2 MB) Exit EPA

This Norwegian Institute for Air Research report outlines the monitoring strategy and the detailed monitoring requirements of the Co-operative Programme for Monitoring and Evaluation of the Long-Range Transmission of Air Pollutants in Europe (EMEP) for the period 2004-2009. The report includes a section on available monitoring methods and new techniques.

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India's National Ambient Air Quality Monitoring Network Data

http://www.cpcb.nic.in/Network.php Exit EPA

The National Ambient Air Quality Monitoring (NAAQM) network in India is comprised of 290 stations covering over 90 towns/cities that are distributed over 24 States and 4 Union Territories. The pollutants monitored are sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and suspended particulate matter (SPM). From this Central Pollution Control Board page, links are provided for data, which can be obtained via location (i.e., residential, industrial or sensitive) or can be viewed via ambient air quality trends.

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Japan Analytical Methods for Dioxins from Ambient Air

http://www.env.go.jp/en/chemi/dioxins/manual.pdf (PDF, 61 pp., 656 KB) Exit EPA

This August 2001 manual shows the analytical methods used to determine levels of dioxins in samples taken from the ambient air. It does not strictly define certain analytical techniques since new technology moves at a rapid pace. Analysts are free to adopt the method most suitable to their conditions.

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New Zealand Guide for Air Quality Monitoring and Data Management

http://www.mfe.govt.nz/publications/air/air-quality-good-practice-guide-dec00.html Exit EPA

This guide contains information on ambient air quality monitoring and how to look after and present monitoring data once it is collected. It recommends a process for developing a regional air quality monitoring program, discusses and recommends monitoring methods, describes basic quality assurance procedures and recommends ways to present data clearly and effectively.

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Singapore: Accredited Bodies for Source Emission Testing

http://app.nea.gov.sg/cms/htdocs/article.asp?pid=1646 Exit EPA

This National Environment Agency web page lists the accredited testing bodies, along with their contact information, for conducting source emission testing in Singapore.

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Singapore Air Quality Monitoring Overview

http://www.cse.polyu.edu.hk/~activi/BAQ2002/BAQ2002_files/Proceedings/Subworkshop2/sw2a-6Koh_paper.pdf (PDF, 6 pp., 132 KB) Exit EPA

This document summarizes Singapore's ambient air quality monitoring network, methods of measurement, ambient air quality standards (based on the U.S. EPA standards and WHO goals), pollutant standards index, and general air quality trends in Singapore. Air quality monitoring in Singapore was fully automated with the commissioning of the telemetric air quality monitoring and management system (TAQMMS) in 1994.

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UK National Air Quality Information Archive

http://www.airquality.co.uk/archive/ Exit EPA

The UK National Air Quality Information Archive provides real-time pollutant data for the region (from the Home page), and a database containing tables of measured concentration data and statistics (from 1960 until present) from the monitoring networks operated on behalf of the DEFRA and the devolved administrations (see the Data and Statistics tab). The monitoring data are collected via two methods: Automatic Networks, which produce hourly pollutant concentrations with data being collected from individual sites by modem, and Non-automatic Networks, which measure less frequently - either daily, weekly or monthly - and samples are collected by some physical means (such as diffusion tube or filter).

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U.S. EPA's Air Quality System (AQS)

http://www.epa.gov/ttn/airs/airsaqs/

The Air Quality System (AQS) contains very detailed ambient air quality data (e.g., hourly measurements), as well as meteorological data, collected by EPA, state, local, and tribal air pollution control agencies from thousands of monitoring stations. [Note that summary information (e.g., daily or yearly means, or peak concentrations) is available from the EPA AirData website at http://www.epa.gov/air/data/index.html]. AQS was reengineered from a mainframe application to a personal computer (PC)-based application as of January 2002 and data are submitted directly to AQS via this client/server application. Currently, registered users may retrieve data through the AQS application and through the use of third party software; however, data should be more accessible in the near future directly from the AQS site.

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U.S. EPA's Ambient Monitoring Technology Information Center (AMTIC)

http://www.epa.gov/ttn/amtic/

The Ambient Monitoring Technology Information Center (AMTIC) contains information, links, and files on ambient air quality monitoring programs (e.g., maps of the national monitoring networks), details on monitoring methods, numerous documents on monitoring, information on air quality trends and non-attainment areas (e.g., links to the National Air Quality and Emissions Trends Report and EPA's Green Book), and federal regulations related to ambient air quality monitoring.

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U.S. EPA Continuous Emissions Monitoring Fact Sheet

http://www.epa.gov/airmarkets/emissions/index.html

Continuous emissions monitoring (CEM) is the continuous measurement of pollutants emitted into the atmosphere in exhaust gases from combustion or industrial processes. EPA has established requirements for the continuous monitoring of sulfur dioxide (SO2), volumetric flow, nitrogen oxides (NOx), diluent gas, and opacity for units regulated under the Acid Rain Program. This site provides information on CEM, including the monitoring requirements, quality assurance, and recordkeeping/reporting.

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U.S. EPA's Continuous Emission Monitoring Guidance

http://www.epa.gov/ttn/emc/cem.html

A continuous emission monitoring system (CEMS) is the total equipment necessary for the determination of a gas or particulate matter concentration or emission rate, and is required under some of the EPA regulations for either continual compliance determination or determination of exceedances of the standards. This site provides links to information and guidance documents related to criteria and non-criteria pollutants and sources (e.g., municipal waste Combustors, industrial furnaces) for CEMS.

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U.S. EPA's Emission Measurement Center (EMC) Methods

http://www.epa.gov/ttn/emc/

The Emission Measurement Center (EMC) within the EPA develops methods of measuring air pollutants emitted from the entire spectrum of industrial processes causing air pollution. EMC is responsible for methods for New Source Performance Standards (NSPSs), National Emission Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants (NESHAPs), State Implementation Plans (SIPs), and the Maximum Achievable Control Technology (MACT) standards. This page has links to summaries for the above listed test methods.

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World Data Centre for Greenhouse Gases (WDCGG)

http://gaw.kishou.go.jp/wdcgg.html Exit EPA

The World Data Centre for Greenhouse Gases (WDCGG) is established under the Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) program to collect, archive and provide data for greenhouse (CO2, CH4, CFCs, N2O, etc.) and related (CO, NOx, SO2, VOC, etc.) gases and surface ozone in the atmosphere.

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World Health Organization (WHO) Air Management Information System (AMIS)

http://www.emro.who.int/ceha/cehanet1_database_topics.asp Exit EPA

The Air Management Information System (AMIS) is a set of user-friendly databases aimed at transferring information on air quality management (air quality management instruments used in cities, indoor and ambient air pollutant concentrations, noise levels, health effects, control actions, air quality standards, emission standards, emission inventories, dispersion modeling tools) between countries and cities, and thus acting as a global air quality information exchange system. A core database contains summary statistics of air pollution data like annual means, 95-percentiles, and the number of days on which WHO guidelines are exceeded. AMIS 3.0, 2001 is now available on CD-ROM with data (mostly from 1986 to 1999) from about 150 cities in 45 countries. The data are made available by the WHO Department for the Protection of Environmental Health to AMIS participants and also distributed to interested non profit organizations free of charge.

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