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Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP)

Sector-based PM2.5 Benefit Per Ton Estimates

The tables below are updated versions of the tables appearing in Characterizing the PM2.5-related health benefits of emission reductions for 17 industrial, area and mobile emission sectors across the U.S. (Fann, Baker and Fulcher 2012). All estimates are in 2010 dollars, reflect the use of a 3% discount rate, and are based on the Krewski et al. (2009) PM2.5 mortality risk estimate. The 2005 estimates are based on 2005 emissions and use population, baseline mortality incidence rate, and income growth projections for 2005. The 2016 estimates are based on 2016 projected emissions and use baseline mortality incidence rate projections for 2015, as this is the closest year for which we have data. The 2016 estimates use population and income growth projections for 2016.

The methodology is discussed more completely in the Technical Support Document Estimating the Benefit per Ton of Reducing PM2.5 Precursors from 17 Sectors, which includes values for 2016, 2020, 2025, and 2030.

Please contact benmap@epa.gov with questions.

2005
Sector Direct PM SO2 NOx
Aircraft, locomotives and marine vessels 200,000 40,000 4,300
Area sources 260,000 33,000 4,700
Cement kilns 260,000 30,000 3,900
Coke ovens 420,000 35,000 5,200
Electric arc furnaces 360,000 61,000 5,300
Electricity Generating Units 100,000 26,000 3,600
Ferroalloy facilities 230,000 33,000 4,000
Industrial point sources 200,000 28,000 3,800
Integrated iron and steel facilities 430,000 62,000 6,900
Iron and Steel 420,000 340,000 10,000
Non-road mobile sources 210,000 23,000 4,500
Ocean-going vessels 93,000 28,000 1,300
On-road mobile sources 230,000 20,000 4,400
Pulp and paper facilities 110,000 30,000 2,400
Refineries 270,000 38,000 4,000
Residential wood combustion 280,000 86,000 8,400
Taconite mines 68,000 28,000 4,300

 

2016
Sector Direct PM SO2 NOx
Aircraft, locomotives and marine vessels 240,000 85,000 6,900
Area sources 320,000 48,000 7,500
Cement kilns 350,000 42,000 5,500
Coke ovens 450,000 50,000 10,000
Electric arc furnaces 420,000 78,000 9,500
Electricity Generating Units 130,000 35,000 5,200
Ferroalloy facilities 270,000 43,000 4,300
Industrial point sources 260,000 39,000 6,100
Integrated iron and steel facilities 480,000 85,000 13,000
Iron and Steel 490,000 400,000 16,000
Non-road mobile sources 300,000 43,000 6,600
Ocean-going vessels 45,000 12,000 1,800
On-road mobile sources 360,000 19,000 7,300
Pulp and paper facilities 150,000 44,000 3,600
Refineries 310,000 66,000 6,500
Residential wood combustion 360,000 97,000 13,000
Taconite mines 81,000 33,000 5,900

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