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New Jersey

CAIR Reduces New Jersey’s Emissions

  • By 2015 CAIR will help New Jersey sources reduce emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx) by 11,000 tons or 48% from 2003 levels.
NOx Emissions (thousand tons) 2003 2009 2015
New Jersey NOx emissions without CAIR 23 17 18
New Jersey NOx emissions with CAIR N/A 11 12
  • By 2015, CAIR will help New Jersey sources reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide (SO2) by 25,000 tons or 49%.
SO2 Emissions (thousand tons) 2003 2009 2015
New Jersey SO2 emissions without CAIR 51 44 32
New Jersey SO2 emissions with CAIR N/A 27 26

CAIR Helps New Jersey and its Neighbors

  • Because air emissions travel across state boundaries, reducing the emissions from sources in New Jersey also will reduce ground-level ozone and particle pollution in other areas of the country.
  • New Jersey sources significantly contribute to ground-level ozone pollution in 4 other states:
        New York, Pennsylvania, Connecticut & Rhode Island
  • Currently, New Jersey sources significantly contribute to fine particle pollution in New York
  • New Jersey’s fine particle air quality will improve because of reductions of SO2 and NOx in:
        Maryland and the District of Columbia, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania & West Virginia
  • New Jersey’s ground-level ozone air quality will improve because of reductions of NOx in:
        Delaware, Maryland and the District of Columbia, Massachusetts, Michigan, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia & West Virginia

CAIR Makes New Jersey’s Air Cleaner

  • CAIR helps New Jersey meet and maintain the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for ground-level ozone and fine particle pollution.
  • SO2 and NOx contribute to the formation of fine particles (PM) and NOx contributes to the formation of ground-level ozone.
  • Areas meeting the NAAQS are in attainment. Those areas not meeting the standards are known as “nonattainment areas”.

    Fine Particle Pollution

    • At the end of 2004, 13 New Jersey counties were designated nonattainment for EPA’s health-based standards for fine particle pollution.
    • CAIR will help bring all of those counties into attainment by 2010:
          1. Bergen County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Area
          2. Essex County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Area
          3. Hudson County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Area
          4. Mercer County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Area
          5. Middlesex County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Area
          6. Monmouth County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Area
          7. Morris County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Area
          8. Passaic County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Area
          9. Somerset County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Area
          10. Union County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT-PA Area
          11. Burlington County Philadelphia-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE Area
          12. Camden County Philadelphia-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE Area
          13. Gloucester County Philadelphia-Wilmington, PA-NJ-DE Area

    Ground-level Ozone

    • At the end of 2004, 21 New Jersey counties were designated nonattainment for EPA’s health-based standards for ground-level ozone pollution.
    • CAIR will significantly reduce PM levels in these counties:
          1. Bergen County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Area
          2. Essex County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Area
          3. Hudson County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Area
          4. Hunterdon County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Area
          5. Middlesex County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Area
          6. Monmouth County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Area
          7. Morris County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Area
          8. Passaic County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Area
          9. Somerset County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Area
          10. Sussex County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Area
          11. Union County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Area
          12. Warren County New York-N. New Jersey-Long Island, NY-NJ-CT Area
          13. Atlantic County Philadelphia-Wilmington, Atlantic City, PA-DE-MD-NJ Area
          14. Burlington County Philadelphia-Wilmington, Atlantic City, PA-DE-MD-NJ Area
          15. Camden County Philadelphia-Wilmington, Atlantic City, PA-DE-MD-NJ Area
          16. Cape May County Philadelphia-Wilmington, Atlantic City, PA-DE-MD-NJ Area
          17. Cumberland County Philadelphia-Wilmington, Atlantic City, PA-DE-MD-NJ Area
          18. Gloucester County Philadelphia-Wilmington, Atlantic City, PA-DE-MD-NJ Area
          19. Mercer County Philadelphia-Wilmington, Atlantic City, PA-DE-MD-NJ Area
          20. Ocean County Philadelphia-Wilmington, Atlantic City, PA-DE-MD-NJ Area
          21. Salem County Philadelphia-Wilmington, Atlantic City, PA-DE-MD-NJ Area

CAIR Is Smart for New Jersey’s Economy

  • CAIR helps maintain coal as a viable fuel/energy source.
  • Regional electricity prices are not significantly impacted by CAIR, and are projected to be below 2000 levels.
Average Retail Electricity Prices (AREP) in 1999 dollars 2000 2010 2015
New Jersey’s AREP without CAIR (mills/kWh*) 80.4 59.3 69.4
New Jersey’s AREP with CAIR (mills/kWh*) N/A 61.3 72.0
    *mill = 1/10 of a cent

Notes:
1) Partial counties are identified by (P) following the county name.
2) Projections concerning future levels of air pollution in specific geographic locations were estimated using the best scientific models available. They are estimations, however, and should be characterized as such in any description. Actual results may vary significantly if any of the factors that influence air quality differ from the assumed values used in the projections shown here.
3) Small emission increases can occur in a State under CAIR where shifts in power generation occur, but overall improvements occur throughout the CAIR region. The Final CAIR includes a compliance supplement pool of NOx allowances (roughly 200,000 allowances) for the annual program, which could lead to slightly higher annual NOx emissions than are stated here.
4) The data presented here is based on recently completed, revised IPM modeling, reflecting CAIR as finalized. This recent data may differ slightly from modeling results in the Final CAIR Federal Register Notice and RIA which were based on modeling that was completed before EPA had determined the final scope of CAIR. The primary difference in the earlier modeling included AR, DE, and NJ in the annual SO2/NOx requirements, and did not include an ozone season cap on any states.
5) Emissions reductions take into account state and federal pollution control programs in place when EPA last updated its models in mid-2004. Reductions from more recent state programs or settlement actions are not reflected in these tables.
6) Retail electricity prices are by NERC region.

 


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