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Mongolia International Activities

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The Global Methane Initiative Exit EPA is an international initiative that advances cost-effective, near-term methane recovery and use as a clean energy source.

Mongolia produced over 31 million metric tons of coal in 2011, more than tripling production since 2008. Mongolia is a significant exporter of coal, consuming only 9.2 million metric tons of 2011 production. Mongolia’s energy needs are met primarily by coal; seven coal-fired combined heat and power plants produce 829 MW of 1062 MW installed capacity. Mongolia’s proved coal reserves are 12.2 billion tonnes, including 2 billion tonnes of coking coal and 10.1 billion tonnes of thermal coal. Studies are underway to determine Mongolia’s coalbed methane resources as well as coal mine methane (CMM) resources.

Mongolia’s CMM emissions were estimated at 7 thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent in 2006. CMM emissions have increased dramatically with the rapid rise in coal production and development of an improved inventory is in progress. At present, all coal production in Mongolia is from surface mines with more than 30 mines in operation. CMM development potential in Mongolia lies predominantly in pre-mine drainage in advance of surface mining operations; however, there may be underground mining in the future as mines work to develop deeper reserves.

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