Poland International Activities
The Global Methane Initiative is an international initiative that advances cost-effective, near-term methane recovery and use as a clean energy source.
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Hosting one of the largest hard coal reserves in the world, Poland leads European nations in coal production, while ranking ninth globally. Its coal production was 143 million metric tons in 2008 . Poland is heavily reliant on coal for its energy demands, providing for almost 93% of the nation's electricity supply . Poland also ranks seventh in the world in coal mine methane emissions, given the very gassy nature of its coal seams. Poland's coal and its related methane resources are distributed across three primary basins: the Upper and Lower Silesian Basins, and the Lublin Basin.
As of 2008, Poland had 29 active coal mines classified as gassy, 20 of which had methane drainage installation and 14 of them were utilizing the recovered methane. Poland is capturing an estimated 287.4 million m3 of coal mine methane and utilizing it in small-scale units of combined heat and power, electricity generation, and heat generation. To develop its industry further, Poland is currently working to profile ventilation air methane emissions from its gassy hard coal mines and their potential end use.
Poland's coal mine methane market is currently challenged by a lack of technology for expanded gas storage and improved methane drainage; however, the country has well-developed gas transmission networks which favor the market's growth. Poland is currently developing supportive regulatory mechanisms for coal mine methane projects with applications in combined heat and power systems and electricity generation.
The Global Methane Initiative (formerly Methane to Markets Partnership) has funded three grants in Poland:
- Abandoned Mine Feasibility Study and Coal Mine Methane to Liquefied Natural Gas Assessment ("Zory" Coal Mine)
- Detailed Characteristics of the Ventilation Air Methane Emissions from Ten Gassy Underground Coal Mines in Poland
- Pre-Feasability Study for Degasification and Methane Capture Before Mining at the Pawlowice 1 Coal Field
- Update: GMI Coal Subcommittee (March 2013) (PDF) (26 pp, 1.34MB)
- Poland CMM Country Profile (December 2010) (PDF) (9 pp, 231K)
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