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Community Action for Environmental Public Health

Air Pollution

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  • ATSDR Brownfield/Land Reuse Initiative. ATSDR Dose Calculator.The ATSDR Dose Calculator is a computer program that allows users to computer the amount of a toxic substance an individual may be exposed to (dose). Users of this tool can select from air, soil, water, or fish consumption scenarios; customize exposure parameters; and review ATSDR and EPA health comparison values, among other features. PDF Version (2 pp, 409K, About PDF)
  • Air Facility Subsystem (AFS) The EPA AFS contains compliance and permit data for stationary sources regulated by the EPA and state and local government agencies to track permit data. Examples of the types of data that can be obtained includes plant-level data such as plant name, address, SIC, NAICS, stack parameters; and emission point and segment-level data
  • Air Pollution and Health Risk The information from this site answers these questions: How do we know when a risk is serious? How do researchers estimate risk, and how does the government use this information to develop regulations that limit our exposure to hazardous substances?
  • Air Pollution Control Technology Series Training Tool The Control Technology Series is a self instructional training tool that is designed to provide a basic overview to those unfamiliar with a variety of air pollution control technologies. The series is broken down into different types of equipment such as: wet scrubbers, carbon absorption, incineration, condensation, and electrostatic precipitators. (environmental professionals)
  • Air Quality System (AQS) The Air Quality System (AQS) contains ambient air pollution data collected by EPA, state, local, and tribal air pollution control agencies from thousands of monitoring stations. AQS also contains meteorological data, descriptive information about each monitoring station (including its geographic location and its operator), and data quality assurance/quality control information. (environmental professionals)
  • AirNow EPA, together with state and local governments, has expanded air quality forecasting to include year-round, daily information on particle pollution. "Particle pollution" consists of microscopic particles in the air that can get deep into the lungs, potentially causing serious health problems. Unlike summertime ozone, particle pollution can occur throughout the year. Although particle levels aren't high every day, you should check your Air Quality Index (AQI) forecasts to determine whether you need to take action to reduce your exposure. Forecasts, health information, and maps showing real-time particle levels are available.
  • Ambient Monitoring Technology Information Center The Ambient Monitoring Technology Information Center contains information and files on ambient air quality monitoring programs, details on monitoring methods, relevant documents and articles, information on air quality trends and nonattainment areas, and federal regulations related to ambient air quality monitoring. (environmental professionals)
  • Animal Feeding Operations Air Programs This website provides valuable information and facts on regulations for AFOs and CAFOs related to air programs. Including on the sources and management of odors from raising large scale livestock production, such as hog, cattle, dairy, sheep, and poultry farms, that congregate animals, feed, waste, and production operations on a small land area.
  • Backyard Burning ? It's a Health Hazard! Backyard burning refers to the burning of household trash by residents on their own property. Trash typically burned can include paper, cardboard, food scraps, plastics, and yard trimmings essentially any materials that would otherwise be recycled or sent to a landfill. Most people who burn their waste do not realize how harmful this practice is to their health and to the environment. It can increase the risk of heart disease, aggravate respiratory ailments such as asthma and emphysema, and cause rashes, nausea, or headaches. This website provides the basic information on backyard burning, human health and environmental effects, and what you can do. There are also links to other backyard burning related websites.
  • Clean School Bus USA A new national partnership to minimize pollution from school buses. Leaders from corporate America, children's health, environmental and governmental organizations gather to design a plan to reduce children's exposure to diesel exhaust by eliminating unnecessary school bus idling, installing effective emission control systems on newer buses and replacing the oldest buses in the fleet with newer ones. Anti-idling policies are a cost-effective, common sense way to reduce diesel pollution, and they are easy to implement. By reducing the amount of time that buses idle, school bus fleets will use less fuel, save money, and help clean the air.
  • Climate Showcase Community Grants Climate Showcase Communities is a competitive grant program to help local and tribal governments establish and implement climate change initiatives. The overall goal of the Climate Showcase Communities grant program is to create replicable models of sustainable community action that generate cost-effective and persistent greenhouse gas reductions while improving the environmental, economic, public health, or social conditions in a community.
  • Coal Combustion Products Partnership EPA has suspended active participation in the Coal Combustion Products Partnership program while we are taking and assessing comment on the beneficial use of coal combustion residuals (CCR) through the CCR proposed rulemaking.
  • Community Health Status Indicators Exit EPA Disclaimer Provides an overview of key health indicators for local communities at the county level, including comparisons to peer-counties & comparisons to Healthy People 2010 targets; some indicators related to environmental health, children’s health
  • County Health Rankings Exit EPA Disclaimer Provides data at the county level on selected health behaviors, clinical care, social and economic factors, and physical environment, that allows communities to compare themselves to other communities or to state or national rates
  • Criteria Pollutants Gateway EPA has set national air quality standards for six common pollutants (also referred to as "criteria" pollutants, such as ozone, particulate matter, and lead). This website is a gateway of information on the sources of these pollutants, why they are of concern, health and environmental effects, and efforts underway to help reduce these pollutants in the environment.
  • Diesel Exhaust and School Bus Idling (PDF) (2 pp, 443K, About PDF) Anti-idling policies are a cost-effective, common sense way to reduce diesel pollution, and they are easy to implement. By reducing the amount of time that buses idle, school bus fleets will use less fuel, save money, and help clean the air.
  • EPA AirData Website The AirData Website gives you access to air pollution data for the entire United States. Want to know the highest ozone level measured in your state last year? Ever wonder where air pollution monitoring sites are located? Are there sources of air pollution in your town? You can find out here! AirData produces reports and maps of air pollution data based on criteria that you specify.
  • EPA Guidance: Improving Air Quality Through Land Use Activities (PDF) (110 pp, 1,822K, About PDF) EPA 420-R-01-001. 2001. This guidance presents the conditions under which the benefits of land use activities could be included in air quality and transportation planning processes. The EPA intends that this guidance be an additional tool to encourage the development of land use policies and projects which improve livability in general, and air quality in particular.
  • EPA Mercury website Human activity can release mercury into the air, water and soil. In the U.S., coal-fired power plants are the biggest source of mercury emissions to the air. This website provides information on mercury effects, sources, and programs to reduce exposure. (general and technical audiences)
  • EPA's Air Toxics Community Assessment and Risk Reduction Projects Database This database has been compiled to provide a resource of planned, completed, and ongoing community level air toxics assessments across the country. By sharing information about efforts at the local level to measure, understand, and address air toxics emissions, this database will help ensure that communities designing and implementing their own assessments will be able to build upon past efforts and lessons learned.
  • EPA's Air Toxics Risk Assessment Reference Library EPA's air toxics risk assessment (ATRA) three volume library provides information on the fundamental principles of risk-based assessment for air toxics and how to apply those principles in different settings as well as strategies for reducing risk at the local level. Volumes 1 and 2 are completed and are available through the link provided above. Volume 3 is currently being developed and is expected to be available by the end of 2004. A more detailed description of each volume of the ATRA library is provided below. Volume 1: Technical Resource Manual Volume 1 discusses the overall air toxics risk assessment process and the basic technical tools needed to perform these analyses. The manual, which covers both human health and ecological analysis, also provides a basic overview of risk management and communication. Other tools (such as the public health assessment process) are described to give assessors, risk managers, and other stakeholders a more holistic understanding of the many issues that may come into play during air toxics risk assessment and reduction projects. Volume 2: Facility-Specific Assessment Volume 2 builds on the technical tools described in Volume 1 by providing detailed procedures for source-specific or facility-specific risk assessments. Information is also provided on tiered approaches to source or facility-specific risk analysis.
  • EPA's Fate, Exposure, and Risk Analysis (FERA) website The tools found on this website, which include EPA's Total Risk Integrated Methodology, will assist with the EPA's efforts to evaluate the health risks and environmental effects associated with exposure to "criteria" (six common air pollutants including ozone and particles) and toxic air pollutants
  • EPA's Office of Air and Radiation Air Pollution Information Gateway This page provides a gateway to a variety of information on common outdoor air pollutants and sources, including ozone, particulate matter, and hazardous air pollutants from industrial and other sources. The links on this page will help you learn about the wide variety of pollutants that may be in your community, where they come from, the types of health effects they may cause, and ways to address the problem.
  • EPA's Office of Air and Radiation TribalAIR Website This website is designed to strengthen EPA and tribal air quality programs in Indian Country by providing timely and user-friendly access to key information, promoting the exchange of ideas, and making available relevant documents to all environmental professionals who live and work in Indian Country. (environmental professionals)
  • EPA's Office of Compliance and Enforcement's Multimedia Data Systems and Tools The website offers systems and tools that provide enforcement and compliance data. The tools listed on this site are suitable for a technical audience. Some of the tools offer more general information, such as facility information. Enforcement and Compliance History Online (ECHO) is a Web-based tool that provides public access to compliance and enforcement information for approximately 800,000 EPA-regulated facilities.
  • EPA's Toxic Air Pollutant Website This page provides links to information about air toxics in the United States. You can find out how much air toxic pollution is in the air, the causes of the pollution, and what the EPA is doing to reduce it.
  • Envirofacts Data Warehouse Envirofacts provides direct access to the information contained in EPA's databases. Envirofacts allows the public to retrieve data from many of the Agency data systems, develop online queries, create reports, and map results.
  • Greenbuilding Information and links addressing health and environmental concerns arising from buildings.
  • Guide for Industrial Waste Management Chapter 5: Protecting Air This chapter begins with an introduction to federal airborne emission programs, including the Clean Air Act, and describes how they apply to industrial solid waste. The Industrial Waste Air (IWAIR) model is also presented as a tool for assessing risks associated with inhalation of particulates in the ambient air. It includes an explanation of emission control techniques for particulate matter and volatile organic compounds.
  • Healthy Air: A Community and Business Leaders Guide The Guide is a collection of non-regulatory, time-and-cost saving ideas communities can use to reduce toxic air pollution. It also provides ways communities can work together to improve their air quality. It is designed to be used by community groups and their business partners as a planning guide. The guide contains: (a) reduction measures for different kinds of industrial, commercial, and household operations, (b) specific ways community groups can help, (c) separate information sheets for both owner/operators and other community members, and (d) reference materials for additional information, including contact information for local and Regional air agencies, trade associations, and resource centers.
  • Heat Island Effect The term "heat island" describes built up areas that are hotter than nearby rural areas. Heat islands can affect communities by increasing summertime peak energy demand, air conditioning costs, air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, heat-related illness and mortality, and water quality. This website provides information on the heat island effect, its impacts, and actions that communities can take to reduce urban temperatures.
  • Indoor Air Quality Building and Education Assessment Model (I-BEAM)) I-BEAM is an interactive software program that provides comprehensive guidance modules for managing and assessing indoor air quality, energy efficiency, and buildings economics in offices and other commercial buildings. I-BEAM creates a way for you to learn how to manage for indoor air quality as an integral part of your daily building management activities, with I-BEAM you will be able to: improve indoor air quality (IAQ) in your building within budget; refine your maintenance program for IAQ; better manage housekeeping services for IAQ; conduct an indoor air quality building audit; train management and staff in indoor air quality; provide documentation that the building is following IAQ building practices; reduce liability exposure to indoor air quality complaints; and improve the marketability of the building and rental space.
  • Indoor Air Quality Design Tools for Schools Design Tools for Schools is a website that provides detailed guidance as well as links to other information resources to help design new schools as well as repair, renovate, and maintain existing facilities. This website can help school districts and facility planners design schools for improved indoor air quality, however, it is also intended to encourage school districts to embrace the concept of designing high performance schools, an integrated, "whole building" approach to addressing a myriad of important - and sometimes competing - priorities, such as energy efficiency, indoor air quality, day-lighting, materials efficiency, and safety in the context of tight budgets and limited staff. This website also provides easy access to a range of green building resources as well as a detailed list of the recommended actions contained in design tools for schools, at http://epa.gov/iaq/schooldesign/recommended_actions_checklist.html.
  • Indoor Air Quality Tools for Schools Kit The Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) Tools for Schools Kit (with HTML and PDF versions on this website) includes checklists for all school employees, a flexible step-by-step guide for coordinating the checklists, an Indoor Air Quality Problem Solving Wheel, a fact-sheet on indoor air pollution issues, and sample policies and memos. The kit shows schools how to carry out a practical plan of action to improve indoor air problems at little or no cost using straightforward activities and in-house staff, the hands-on recommendations for schools are to reduce toxic materials on site.
  • Integrated Risk Information System (IRIS) Database The tools found on this website, which include EPA's Total Risk Integrated Methodology, will assist with the EPA's efforts to evaluate the health risks and environmental effects associated with exposure to "criteria" (six common air pollutants including ozone and particles) and toxic air pollutants.
  • Local Climate and Energy Program Link to the index page of web content provided EPA’s Local Climate and Energy Program. The Local Climate and Energy Program helps local governments meet sustainability goals with cost-effective climate change and clean energy strategies.
  • Methods for Assessing Mobile Source Air Toxics This website provides links to a variety of topics related to the assessment of toxic air pollutants emitted from onroad (e.g. on-highway vehicles) and nonroad mobile sources (e.g. aircraft, commercial marine vessels, and locomotives). There are examples of community-based air toxics assessment and risk reduction projects. Information provided via this website is suitable for technical audience. (Suitable for technical audiences.)
  • Mobility Management Strategies: Land Use Planning This website provides information and links to additional information on how the physical characteristics and patterns of land development in a region can affect air quality by influencing the travel mode choices available to citizens. Certain types of development patterns necessitate the use of personal cars and trucks for travel. This site contains various information linking the three factors.
  • MyEnvironment This website allows users to easily access comprehensive information about air, land, and water by entering a zip code. The "site" integrates environmental data with local geographical features by pulling together information from several EPA databases.
  • National Air Toxics Assessment (NATA) website NATA is EPA's ongoing comprehensive evaluation of the status of air toxics in the U.S. NATA activities include: expansion of air toxics monitoring; improved and updated emission inventories (every three years starting from the year of 1996); improved national- and local-scale modeling and assessment tools; and continued research on health effects and exposures to both ambient and indoor air. The goal of NATA is to identify those air toxics which are of greatest potential concern, in terms of contribution to population risk. NATA data can be used to set priorities for the collection of additional air toxics data (e.g., emissions data and ambient monitoring data) or for targeting emission reduction efforts. There are various types of information presented for different audiences.
  • OAQPS Recommended Dose Response Value Table This is a database of recommended dose-response values for use in air toxics risk assessment. It presents a compilation of acute and chronic health benchmarks from various sources such as IRIS, CalEPA, and ATSDR.
  • Office of Transportation and Air Quality's Consumer Information This website provides information on what consumers can do to reduce mobile source air toxics emissions. It also provides links to a variety of fact sheets on pollutants from mobile source emissions and key topics related to transportation and air quality.
  • RISK V 1.9 Model RISK is a multi-zone, multi-pollutant model for calculating individual exposure to indoor air pollutants. (technical audience with some familiarity with modeling procedures)
  • Radon Publications The radon publications website contains EPA publications including A Citizen's Guide to Radon, Home Buyer's and Seller's Guide to Radon, A Radon Guide for Tenants, and Radon in Schools. These publications can help educate community members about how to test for and reduce radon, which is a known human lung carcinogen and the second leading cause of lung cancer in the United States.
  • Risk Assessment for Toxic Air Pollutants: A Citizen's Guide Risk assessment is one tool used in risk management. It is the process that scientists and government officials use to estimate the increased risk of health problems in people who are exposed to different amounts of toxic substances. A risk assessment for a toxic air pollutant combines results of studies on the health effects of various animal and human exposures to the pollutant with results of studies that estimate the level of human's exposures at different distances from the source of the pollutant.
  • Risk Screening Environmental Indicators (RSEI) Software RSEI is a screening tool that compares toxic chemicals released to the environment from industrial sources using Toxics Release Inventory data. You can examine rankings and trends, and set priorities for further action. Information can be sorted in numerous ways such as by chemical, media, geographic areas, etc.
  • Toxics Release Inventory The Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) is a publicly available EPA database that contains information on toxic chemical releases and other waste management activities reported annually by certain covered industry groups as well as federal facilities. The information is technical, but useful for all audiences.
  • Tribal Communities Climate and Energy Information The Tribal Communities Climate and Energy Information page is a resource for tribal communities interested in implementing climate change mitigation and energy management projects that can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, improve air quality, spur economic development and reduce the impacts of climate change on economic and cultural sustainability.
  • Voluntary Diesel Retrofit Program The Diesel Retrofit Program works to reduce pollution resulting from existing diesel vehicles and equipment by encouraging fleet owners to install pollution-reducing devices on the vehicles and to use cleaner-burning diesel fuel. This involves working with state, local, and industry partners to verify the effectiveness of pollution-reducing technology and to create retrofit projects around the country.
  • What You Can Do Tips for consumers on driving patterns and maintenance that will reduce pollution from their vehicles.

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