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Compliance and Enforcement Annual Results FY2008:
Important Environmental Problems/National Priorities:
Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)

FY2008 Annual Results Topics
Annual Results for
National Enforcement Priorities

Problem: 

Concentrated animal feeding operations are a national priority for the Environmental Protection Agency's enforcement and compliance assurance program due to the impact of large animal feedlots on water quality. During wet weather events, water flows from animal feedlots transporting nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus, as well as other pollutants including bacteria, pesticides, antibiotics, hormones, and trace elements including metals to local waterways. Impacts on ecosystems and human health include contamination of public drinking water sources and private well water, recreational and commercial fish kills and advisories, and beach closings.  

The estimated 500 million tons of manure discharged each year from large agricultural operations are one of the leading causes of water quality impairment in rivers, lakes, streams, estuaries, and the ocean as rain and snow carry nutrients into waterways throughout the watershed. 

Photo of CAFO

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Key Results:

FY 2007 - 2008 Annual Results
Fiscal Year Estimated Pollutants to be Reduced or Treated
(lbs)*
Estimated Investments in Pollution Control
($)**
Civil Penalties
($) ***
FY 2007 15 million $31 million $914,000
FY 2008 32 million $10 million $523,000

*Estimated Pollutants Reduced or Treated is an estimate of the pounds of pollutants reduced, treated, or eliminated during the first year after a facility returns to compliance.
** Estimated Investments in Pollution Control is an estimate of the defendant’s cost to comply with consent decrees through the installation of appropriate pollutant controls.  The value for FY 2007 is adjusted for inflation using the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics calculator.
*** Civil Penalties are penalties assessed, not collected.  The value for FY 2007 is also adjusted for inflation.

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