Compliance and Enforcement Annual Results FY2008:
Important Environmental Problems/National Priorities:
Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs)
FY2008 Annual Results Topics
Annual Results for
National Enforcement Priorities
Concentrated animal feeding operations are a national priority for the Environmental Protection Agency's enforcement and compliance assurance program due to the impact of large animal feedlots on water quality. During wet weather events, water flows from animal feedlots transporting nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus, as well as other pollutants including bacteria, pesticides, antibiotics, hormones, and trace elements including metals to local waterways. Impacts on ecosystems and human health include contamination of public drinking water sources and private well water, recreational and commercial fish kills and advisories, and beach closings.
The estimated 500 million tons of manure discharged each year from large agricultural operations are one of the leading causes of water quality impairment in rivers, lakes, streams, estuaries, and the ocean as rain and snow carry nutrients into waterways throughout the watershed.
|Fiscal Year||Estimated Pollutants to be Reduced or Treated
|Estimated Investments in Pollution Control
|FY 2007||15 million||$31 million||$914,000|
|FY 2008||32 million||$10 million||$523,000|
*Estimated Pollutants Reduced or Treated is an estimate of the pounds of pollutants reduced, treated, or eliminated during the first year after a facility returns to compliance.
** Estimated Investments in Pollution Control is an estimate of the defendant’s cost to comply with consent decrees through the installation of appropriate pollutant controls. The value for FY 2007 is adjusted for inflation using the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics calculator.
*** Civil Penalties are penalties assessed, not collected. The value for FY 2007 is also adjusted for inflation.
- In FY 2008, EPA focused enforcement actions on getting CAFOs under permits, and enforcing compliance with the permits, gaining commitments to reduce an estimated 32 million pounds of pollutants.
- The primary pollutant reduced by these enforcement actions is particulate solids. Other pollutants reduced include nutrients, oxygen demanding pollutants, dissolved solids, and bacteria.
- One significant CAFO case in FY 2008 resulted in Mahard Farms being required to address discharges from its facility through the proper closure of a lagoon. Once the facility is in compliance, EPA estimates that 23 million pounds of solids and other pollutants will be removed.