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Compliance and Enforcement Annual Results 2011 Fiscal Year

2011 Region 2 Compliance and Enforcement Annual Results

Have EPA Enforcement actions occured in my community?

EPA Region 2 serves New Jersey, New York, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands.


Fiscal Year 2011 was an extremely successful year for the EPA Region 2 Enforcement Program. Our enforcement settlements will result in approximately 87 million pounds of pollutants reduced, treated or eliminated and a reduction of more than 400 million pounds of hazardous waste. Our actions will result in the investment of more than $3 billion in pollution control and cleanup. In addition, Region 2 assessed penalties of well over $13 million.

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Federal Case Highlights

  • Tonawanda Coke Corporation Actions Will Result in Benzene Emissions Cut by at least Two-thirds. Under agreements reached between EPA, NYSDEC and the Tonawanda Coke Corporation, the company will improve operations and monitoring for coke oven gas leaks, repair equipment and upgrade pollution controls will be improved.  These improvements will cut harmful benzene emissions by 56, 000 pounds per year, which EPA estimates as representing about 2/3 of the total measured benzene emissions at the facility.

  • Second Phase of Historic Hudson River Cleanup Underway. EPA finalized modifications to one of the largest and most complex cleanup projects in the history of the Superfund program— the dredging of the Hudson River PCBs Superfund Site to cleanup sediment contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Between 2 and 3 million cubic yards of additional sediment will be dredged, an investment that could exceed $2 billion.

  • Nation’s Second Largest Refinery Paid More Than $5.3 Million Penalty for Clean Air Act Violations / Smog- and asthma-causing emissions to be cut by 8,500 tons per year. Hovensa LLC, owner of the second largest petroleum refinery in the United States, paid a civil penalty of more than $5.3 million and committed to spend more than $700 million in new pollution controls that will help protect public health. The settlement requires new and upgraded pollution controls, more stringent emission limits, and aggressive monitoring, leak-detection and repair practices to reduce emissions from refinery equipment and process units.

  • United States v. Gordon-Smith et al. Keith Gordon-Smith, convicted after a jury trial of multiple counts of violating the Clean Air Act due to the failure to notify the US EPA of asbestos related work and failure to properly remove asbestos during a partial building demolition at the Genesee Hospital in Rochester, New York.  Gordon-Smith was sentenced to 72 months in prison and ordered to pay $300,000 in restitution. The company, Gordon-Smith Contracting, was ordered to pay $44,000 in fines.

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Accomplishments at a Glance:

Civil Cases
  Estimated pollution reduced, treated or Eliminated (Pounds)1 87,850,394
  Estimated hazardous waste treated, minimized, or properly disposed of (Pounds) 1 427,784,997
  Estimated contaminated soil and water to be cleaned up (Cubic Yard) 5,060,911
Enforcement Activities
  Case initiations 409
  Case conclusions 392

Sources for Data displayed in this document: Integrated Compliance Information System (ICIS), Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation & Liability Information System (CERCLIS).


  1. Projected reductions to be achieved during the one year period after all actions have been completed. (return to text)

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