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Compliance and Enforcement Annual Results 2011 Fiscal Year

2011 Region 4 Compliance and Enforcement Annual Results

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EPA Region 4 serves Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Tennessee


Consistent and vigorous enforcement of our nation’s environmental laws will result in cleaner air, cleaner water and cleaner land for millions of citizens in the Southeast.  In Fiscal Year 2011, a total of 621 federal administrative and judicial actions were taken in the Region 4 states of Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina and Tennessee.  By targeting the most serious water, air and chemical hazards and working to advance environmental justice by protecting communities that are most at risk from environmental harm, EPA Region 4’s enforcement and compliance efforts achieved:  

  • the reduction, treatment or elimination of more than 1 billion pounds of harmful air, water and land pollution, 
  • the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to more than 36 billion pounds of carbon dioxide 
  • the assessment of  more than $23 million in penalties and the commitment to spend more than $5.4 billion on pollution controls and environmental projects to clean up our neighborhoods
  • the protection of more than 500 acres of wetlands 

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Federal Case Highlights

  • Tennessee Valley Authority  agreed to resolve alleged Clean Air Act violations at 11 of its coal-fired plants in Alabama, Kentucky, and Tennessee. The settlement will require an estimated investment of $3 to $5 billion on new and upgraded state-of-the-art pollution controls that will prevent approximately 1,200 to 3,000 premature deaths, 2,000 heart attacks and 21,000 cases of asthma attacks each year, resulting in up to $27 billion in annual health benefits.
  • The Lexington-Fayette Urban County (KY) Government  has agreed to make extensive improvements to its sewer systems, at a cost estimated to exceed $290 million, to eliminate unauthorized overflows of untreated raw sewage, and to reduce pollution levels in urban storm water.
  • The United States District Court for the District of South Carolina entered a consent decree which resolves Clean Water Act claims against a landowner who illegally filled wetlands in an abandoned rice field along the West Branch of the Cooper River, and adjacent forested wetlands in South Carolina.  In addition to a $25,000 penalty, the Consent Decree requires the restoration of impacted wetland areas, and the implementation of a Supplemental Environmental Project (SEP)  which will convey a conservation easement to a Land Trust permanently preserving 322 acres of wetlands at the violation site.

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Accomplishments at a Glance:

Civil Cases
  Estimated pollution reduced, treated or Eliminated (Pounds)1 1,017,410,597
  Estimated contaminated soil and water to be cleaned up (Cubic Yard) 7,445,534
Enforcement Activities
  Case initiations 559
  Case conclusions 550

Sources for Data displayed in this document: Integrated Compliance Information System (ICIS), Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation & Liability Information System (CERCLIS).


  1. Projected reductions to be achieved during the one year period after all actions have been completed. (return to text)

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