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Projects & Publications

U.S.-Mexico Asthma Surveillance Demonstration Projects

Start Date: October 1999 | Completion Date: September 2001

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Project Purpose

The purpose of the project was to (1) determine the availability and quality of asthma data (including school absenteeism, school medication records, asthma hospitalizations and morbidity) in the California/Baja California region; (2) determine the cultural and region-specific beliefs and attitudes regarding asthma; (3) pilot-test an asthma self-management program; and (4) conduct a pilot study of asthma prevalence among schoolchildren in the Imperial Valley, CA, and in Mexicali, B.C.

Project Description

To achieve the goals of the project, a number of specific activities were undertaken. Under data assessment activities, we conducted a number of interviews and assessments on both sides of the border regarding the availability and quality of asthma data and pilot-tested the ISAAC (International Survey of Asthma and Allergies in Children) in schools in the Imperial and Mexicali Valleys. Under determining the cultural and region-specific context for asthma, we conducted focus groups of parents of children who had been diagnosed with asthma in both the Imperial and Mexicali Valleys and conducted a survey of school administrators and health workers on knowledge levels and beliefs regarding asthma. For potential interventions of the problem, we developed an asthma self-management curriculum and trained promotoras (lay health workers) in communication and educational module content; conducted home visitations to assess environmental triggers; and tested and evaluated the curriculum.

Accomplishments

Data assessment: Interventions:

Presentations or Publications

Asthma self-management curriculum (6 modules) In English and Spanish.

Project Contacts

Paul English, CA Dept. of Health Services 510-622-4508 penglish@dhs.ca.gov

Participants

Border 2012 | Research and Development | Health and Environmental Effects | Technology Transfer Network


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