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Program History

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The CPG program is authorized by Congress under Section 6002 (PDF) (6 pp, 51 K) of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and Executive Order 13423 (PDF) (7 pp, 105K). EPA is required to designate products that are or can be made with recovered materials, and to recommend practices for buying these products. Once a product is designated, procuring agencies are required to purchase it with the highest recovered material content level practicable.

Purchasing products with recycled content is also part of the Executive Order (EO) 13514, "Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance" (13 pp, 180 K,) requirements and Federal Agency Strategic Sustainability Performance Plans. Executive Order 13514 requires Federal agencies to measure, report, and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) pollution from agency operations to reduce waste, increase efficiency, and cut costs.

As part of the CPG designation process, EPA publishes supporting documentation and background information. In particular, with each new group of proposed items, EPA publishes recommended recycled-content levels in a Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) in the Federal Register. The RMANs recommend recycled-content ranges for CPG products based on current information on commercially available recycled-content products. RMAN levels are updated as marketplace conditions change. To access current RMAN levels for all CPG items, see the Consolidated RMAN (PDF) (64 pp, 424K). From the second table below, you can link to the final designated item lists, technical background documents, and Federal Register notices developed for each update of the CPG and RMAN.

EPA issued its first five guidelines from 1983-1989, for the procurement of products containing recovered materials as listed in the table below:

EPA Guidelines for Procurement of Products Containing Recovered Materials
Guideline 40 CFR Part Date (FR)
Cement and Concrete Containing Fly Ash 249 Jan. 28, 1983 (48 FR 4230)
Paper and Paper Products 250 June 22, 1988 (53 FR 23546)
Re-Refined Lubricating Oils 252 June 30, 1988 (53 FR 24699)
Retread Tires 253 Nov. 17, 1988 (53 FR 46558)
Building Insulation 248 Feb. 17, 1989 (54 FR 7327) (33 pp, 1MB)

In 1995, EPA issued CPG I which consolidated the Code of Federal Regulations for EPA's original 5 procurement guidelines above and an additional 19 products into 40 CFR Part 247 (eliminating them from 248, 249, 250, 252, and 253). The next CPG update (CPG II), published in November of 1997, designated an additional 12 items. A third CPG update (CPG III), published in January 2000, designated an additional 18 items. A fourth CPG update (CPG IV), published in April 2004, designated an additional seven items and revised three existing item designations. A fifth CPG update (CPG V), published in September 2007, designated one new item and revised another designation.

DESIGNATION/RMAN DATE PUBLISHED FEDERAL REGISTER ACTION TAKEN

CPG I

May 1, 1995

60 FR 21370

CPG I Designated Products: 19 new items (Engine coolants, Structural fiberboard, Laminated paperboard, Cement/concrete containing ground granulated blast furnace slag, Carpet, Floor tiles, Patio blocks, Traffic barricades, Traffic cones, Playground Surfaces, Running Tracks, Hydraulic Mulch, Yard Trimmings Compost, Office recycling containers, Office waste receptacles, Plastic desktop accessories, Remanufactured toner cartridges, Binders, Plastic Trash Bags), plus 5 earlier procurement guidelines (Cement and Concrete Containing Fly Ash, Paper and Paper Products, Re-Refined Lubricating Oils, Retread Tires, Building Insulation)

RMAN I

May 1, 1995

60 FR 21386

Provided recommended recovered materials content levels for the 19 new items in CPG I.

Paper RMAN I

May 29, 1996

61 FR 26985 (PDF) (8 pp, 149 K, About PDF)

Updated and expanded the Agency's recommendations for purchasing paper and paper products containing postconsumer and recovered fiber.

CPG II

November 13, 1997

62 FR 60962

CPG II Designated Products: 12 new items (Shower and restroom dividers/partitions, Consolidated and reprocessed latex paint for specified uses, Parking stops, Channelizers, Delineators, Flexible delineators, Plastic fencing for specified uses, Garden and soaker hoses, Lawn and garden edging, Printer ribbons, Plastic envelopes, Pallets)

RMAN II

November 13, 1997

62 FR 60975

Provides recommended recovered materials content levels for the 12 new items in CPG II and other purchasing recommendations. Also clarifies recommendations for floor tiles previously made in RMAN I.

RMAN I Update

June 8, 1998

63 FR 31217

Contains a new reference to GSA's carpet schedule and a recommendation for the recovered materials content level for plastic batt building insulation.

Paper RMAN II

June 8, 1998

63 FR 31214

Revised the Paper RMAN I recommendations for purchasing uncoated printing and writing papers containing postconsumer fiber.

CPG III

January 19, 2000

65 FR 3070

CPG III Designated Products: 18 new items (Carpet cushion, Flowable fill, Railroad grade crossing surfaces, Park benches and picnic tables, Playground equipment, Food waste compost, Plastic lumber landscaping timbers and posts, Solid plastic binders, Plastic clipboards, Plastic file folders, Plastic clip portfolios, Plastic presentation folders, Sorbents, Industrial drums, Awards and plaques, Mats, Signage, including sign supports and posts, Manual-grade strapping)

RMAN III

January 19, 2000

65 FR 3082

Contains recommended recovered materials content levels for the 18 new items in CPG III and provides other purchasing recommendations. RMAN III also contains revised recovered materials content recommendations for steel shower and restroom dividers/partitions, steel recycling containers and waste receptacles, and the steel components of traffic barricades and delineators.

CPG IV

April 30, 2004

69 FR 24028

CPG IV Designated Products: 7 new items (Modular threshold ramps, Nonpressure pipe, Roofing materials, Office furniture, Rebuilt vehicular parts, Bike racks, Blasting Grit), 3 revised (cement and concrete, railroad grade crossing surfaces, and polyester carpet)

RMAN IV

April 30, 2004

69 FR 24039

Contains recommendations for purchasing the 7 new items and 3 revised items in CPG IV. Also contains revised recommendations for two other previously designated items.

CPG V

September 14, 2007

72 FR 52475

CPG V Designated Products: 1 new items (compost made from recovered organic materials), 1 revised

RMAN V

September 14, 2007

72 FR 52561

Contains recommendations for purchasing one new item and one revised item in CPG V.

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Designation/Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN)

CPG I

Federal Register Notices
Technical Background Documents
Other Supporting Documents

The support materials and public comments for the above notice are available for public review at Regulations.gov.

RMAN I

Federal Register Notices
Technical Background Documents
Other Supporting Documents

The support materials and public comments for the above notice are available for public review at Regulations.gov.

Paper RMAN I

In June 1988, EPA published its original guideline on buying recycled paper. In May 1996, EPA published the Paper RMAN I which updated and expanded the Agency’s recommendations for purchasing paper and paper products containing postconsumer and recovered fiber. The recommendations include the postconsumer-content levels for printing and writing papers established by President Clinton in Executive Order 12873, which was subsequently replaced by Executive Order 13101.

The Paper RMAN covers products typically used by public and private sector purchasers including printing/writing paper, newsprint, tissue products, paperboard, and packaging. It includes definitions, recycled-content recommendations, and recommendations for related issues such as how manufacturers should measure the recycled content of a paper product.

Federal Register Notices
Technical Background Documents
Other Supporting Documents

The support materials and public comments for the above notice are available for public review at Regulations.gov.

CPG II

Federal Register Notices
Technical Background Document
Other Supporting Documents

The support materials and public comments for the above notice are available for public review at Regulations.gov.

RMAN II

Federal Register Notices
Technical Background Document
Other Supporting Documents

The support materials and public comments for the above notice are available for public review at Regulations.gov.

RMAN I Update

Federal Register Notices
Other Supporting Documents

The support materials and public comments for the above notice are available for public review at Regulations.gov.

Paper RMAN II

In June 1998, EPA revised its 1996 recommendations for purchasing uncoated printing and writing papers containing postconsumer fiber in the Paper RMAN II. The Federal Register notices, technical background documents, and other supporting documents related to the Paper RMAN I and II are provided below.

Federal Register Notices
Technical Background Document
Other Supporting Documents

The support materials and public comments for the above notice are available for public review at Regulations.gov.

CPG III

Federal Register Notices
Technical Background Document
Other Supporting Documents

The support materials and public comments for the above notice are available for public review at Regulations.gov.

RMAN III

Federal Register Notices

The support materials and public comments for the above notice are available for public review at Regulations.gov.

CPG IV

Federal Register Notices
Technical Background Document
Other Supporting Documents

The support materials and public comments for the above notice are available for public review at Regulations.gov.

RMAN IV

Federal Register Notices
Technical Background Document
Other Supporting Documents

The support materials and public comments for the above notice are available for public review at Regulations.gov.

CPG V

In order to foster and support markets for recycled-content products, EPA is adjusting the Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPG) Landscaping Products category and providing guidance through a Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN). Two changes are being made:

Federal Register Notices
Technical Background Document
Other Supporting Documents

The support materials and public comments for the above notice are available for public review at Regulations.gov.

RMAN V

EPA is also providing companion guidance to procuring agencies for purchasing compost and fertilizers made from recovered organic materials through the Recovered Materials Advisory Notice V (RMAN V). RMAN V will recommend specifications to assist procuring agencies in fulfilling their statutory obligation to purchase designated items with the highest percentage of recovered materials content practicable. Under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), procuring agencies will be required to begin purchasing the newly-designated items within one year from the date that this rule is published in the Federal Register.

Federal Register Notices
Other Supporting Documents

The support materials and public comments for the above notice are available for public review at Regulations.gov.

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