Strapping is used in transport packaging to hold products in place on pallets or in other methods of commercial, bulk shipment to prevent tampering and pilferage during shipping. EPA's designation is limited to manual-grade strapping products that are made from recovered PP, PET, and steel.
- Recommended Recovered Materials Content Ranges
- Product Specifications
- Product Information
- Additional Links
EPA's Recovered Materials Advisory Notice (RMAN) recommends recycled-content levels for purchasing manual-grade strapping as shown in the table below.
|Product||Material||Postconsumer Content (%)||Total Recovered Materials Content (%)|
|Steel strapping 1||Steel||
1The recommended recovered materials content levels for steel in this table reflect the fact that the designated item can be made from steel manufactured in either a Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) or an Electric Arc Furnace (EAF). Steel from the BOF process contains 25-30% total recovered materials, of which 16% is postconsumer steel. Steel from the EAF process contains a total of 100% recovered steel, of which 67% is postconsumer.
- Specifications and guidance for breaking strength, elongation, and other characteristics of various types of strapping can be found in the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) standards listed in the following table. These specifications neither recommend nor preclude the use of recovered materials.
|ASTM Specification or Guidance Number||Title|
|ASTM D 3953||Standard Specification for Strapping, Flat Steel and Seals|
|ASTM D 3950||Standard Specification for Strapping, Nonmetallic (and Joining Methods)|
|ASTM D 4675||Standard Guide for Selection and Use of Flat Strapping Materials|
Source: ASTM, 1990; ASTM, 1991; ASTM, 1994; ASTM, 1995
of Manufacturers and Suppliers
This database identifies manufacturers and suppliers of manual-grade strapping containing recovered materials.
Buy-Recycled Series: Miscellaneous Products (PDF) (7 pp, 146K, About PDF)
This fact sheet highlights miscellaneous products designated in the CPG, including manual-grade strapping, and includes recommended recovered-content levels and a list of resources.
Background Document (215 pp, 381K, About PDF)
This background document includes EPA's product research on recovered-content strapping as well as a more detailed overview of the history and regulatory requirements of the CPG process.