Jump to main content.

Draft Guidelines for Product Environmental Performance Standards and Ecolabels for Voluntary Use in Federal Procurement

What's New

Draft Guidelines Sections I, III, and IV (November 2013) and Revised Section II (December 2014) (PDF) (9 pp, 288 K, About PDF)

Resolve, Inc. has been awarded the contract to support EPA in facilitating the pilot. For the most up-to-date information about the pilot, please visit Resolve's website. Exit EPA Disclaimer

Briefing on the Draft Guidelines (PDF) (18 pp, 1.5M, About PDF) and December 12, 2014 webinar recording Exit EPA Disclaimer.

December 1, 2014, EPA responded to public comments on its proposed Draft Guidelines for Product Environmental Performance Standards and Ecolabels for Voluntary Use in Federal Procurement and has laid out plans for a pilot in 2015.

From November 20, 2013 through April 25, 2014, EPA received input from more than 75 individuals and organizations on its proposed Draft Guidelines for Product Environmental Performance Standards and Ecolabels for Voluntary Use in Federal Procurement to help federal purchasers select greener products and meet sustainability purchasing goals. Read the comments received and EPA's response.


The draft guidelines were developed by EPA, the General Services Administration (GSA), and other federal agencies following several listening sessions with a wide range of stakeholders. The sessions focused on how the federal government can be more sustainable in its purchasing and how federal purchasers can best meet the numerous federal requirements for the procurement of sustainable and environmentally preferable products and services. Read the November 2013 Federal Register Notice, press release and blog.

General Questions and Answers

What is the purpose of the guidelines?

They are a set of criteria that could help identify which private sector standards and ecolabels federal purchasers should consider when buying greener products.

Why were the draft guidelines developed?

They are intended to help federal purchasers identify and buy environmentally preferable products. Federal agencies must meet federal mandates requiring that 95 percent of their acquisitions are sustainable, such as by buying environmentally preferable products.

Many federal agencies are buying products with federal ecolabels, such as Energy Star, WaterSense, and Design for the Environment -- labels that identify products meeting strict federal standards for energy, water, and safer chemicals; however, there are many other products that are not covered by federal ecolabels. The challenge for federal buyers is sorting through these hundreds of other products with non-governmental standards and ecolabels that claim to be safer or environmentally friendly. The draft guidelines are intended to help federal buyers select those private ecolabels and standards that are environmentally preferable and appropriate for federal procurement.

How would the guidelines be used?

Under the proposed approach, one or more non-governmental (private sector) organizations with expertise in environmental standards and ecolabels would work with EPA and key stakeholders to develop a process for applying the guidelines to private sector environmental standards and ecolabels.

The guidelines would be applied on a product category by product category basis. A list of product standards and ecolabels that meet the guidelines could be created. That information could be considered by federal purchasers, along with other federal mandates and requirements for federal purchasing.

Please see Next Steps: Pilot Phase for more information.

Would the guidelines apply to household consumers?

Not directly. The guidelines are intended to help guide federal purchasing. That said, there are many products, like cleaning products, paper, and building materials, that both government and households purchase. Therefore, the guidelines have the potential to affect the broader consumer marketplace by potentially increasing the availability of greener and safer products.

What do the draft guidelines address?

The draft guidelines are actually four sets of guidelines that address various aspects of product environmental performance standards and ecolabels:

How were the draft guidelines developed?

Beginning in early 2011, EPA, GSA, and other federal agencies came together to identify existing environmental purchasing requirements for federal buyers and existing guidelines and protocols for standards and ecolabels. An interagency group developed an initial set of draft guidelines, and, with contractor support, tested the feasibility and appropriateness of the draft guidelines. This included conducting a survey of a subset of government and non-governmental environmental performance standards and ecolabel developers. Based on the results of the study and external stakeholder input from more than 30 listening sessions and discussions, EPA took the lead in completing the draft guidelines and framing the Pilot.

Supplementary Materials

Local Navigation

Jump to main content.