Bolivar County, Mississippi
Note: This information is provided for reference purposes only. Although the information provided here was accurate and current when first created, it is now outdated.
Pesticide Table for the Pondberry | About the Pondberry
Mississippi Map | ESPP Home
Table of Pesticide Active Ingredients
|PICLORAM (all forms)||28|
|28||Do not apply within 100 yards of the species habitat for aerial applications nor within 20 yards of the species habitat for ground applications.|
Pondberry [Lindera melissifolia]
Pondberry is a deciduous shrub that grows up to 6.5 feet tall. It has pale yellow flowers and bright red fruit. The leaves are elliptical, untoothed, and emit a strong aroma when crushed. Pondberry is distinguished from the two other members of the genus by its drooping leaves. Bottomland hardwood stands, poorly drained depressions, and margins of limestone sinks provide suitable habitat for this species.
Historically pondberry was found in nine southeastern states. It is currently known from 19 populations in Arkansas, Georgia, Mississippi, Missouri, North Carolina, and South Carolina. Nine populations occur in Clay, Woodruff, Lawrence, and Jackson Counties, Arkansas. Most of these populations are on privately owned land. A recently discovered population was found in Ripley County, Missouri on land that is mostly owned by the Missouri Department of Conservation and the Nature Conservancy. In Mississippi, pondberry is found in Sharkey County within a natural research area administered by the Forest Service, and in Sunflower County on private land. Two populations of pondberry are found in Wheeler County, Georgia, both on privately owned lands. Four populations occur on Forest Service land in Berkeley County, South Carolina and Bladen County. North Carolina contains one population whose habitat has been seriously affected by development. All plants occur in fairly low numbers and there are no exact population figures.
The pondberry is seriously threatened by loss of wetland habitat and bottomland hardwood stands. Much of pondberry habitat has been drained or cleared for logging and agricultural purposes. Recovery of this species highly depends on preserving existing hardwood stands and wetland habitat, in addition to further studies regarding reproduction.
Lowe, David W. (ed.), The Official World Wildlife Fund Guide to Endangered Species, Beacham Publishing Inc, Washington, DC. Vol I, pp. 256-258 .