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ReefLink Database

Invasive Species

Invasive Species

Invasive species are plants, animals, or other organisms that are foreign to a particular environment, and whose introduction may be detrimental when invasives compete with or consume native species. Invasive species in Caribbean reefs include lionfish, batfish, and tubastraea coral.

CMap

Agriculture, aquaculture and forestry  policies regulate and control agriculture, aquaculture and forestry. The Aquaculture sector is involved in the raising and production of aquatic animals and plants in controlled environments. Aquarium and Pet Trade involves the preservation and exhibition of aquatic species for public view or individual hobbies, and the sale of animals. Ballast water discharges by ships can have a negative impact on the marine environment. Biochemical & genetic resources are the naturally available novel biochemicals and genetic information found in coral reef organisms that can be utilized for animal breeding or development of biotechnology. Biological Addition refers to anthropogenic inputs of a biological nature into the reef ecosystem, including artificial habitat, domestic animal waste, supplemental feeding, and escape or release of non-native species. Contact Uses, such as biological additions, physical damage, and biological harvesting, are activities in which humans create pressures through direct contact with the ecosystem. Cultural services are the nonmaterial benefits people obtain from ecosystems through spiritual enrichment, cognitive development, recreational opportunities, aesthetic experiences, sense of place, and educational and research opportunities. Culture sectors contribute to the social, emotional, and intellectual well-being of the community. Discharge limitations are responses to regulate and control the discharge of pollutants and the use of chemicals. Discharges are the intentional or unintentional distribution of chemicals, debris, or other pollution, into the environment as a consequence of human activities. Ecosystem monitoring and restoration refers to responses to directly alter the condition of the reef ecosystem through restoration or remediation activities, setting  limits on degradation through biological criteria or water quality criteria, or improving  knowledge through monitoring, mapping, and scientific research. Ecosystem services are the benefits people obtain from ecosystems . Environmental education refers to organized efforts to teach about how natural environments function and, particularly, how human beings can manage their behavior and ecosystems in order to live sustainably. The Escape and Release of Non-Natives pertains to the introduction of non-native and potentially invasive species into the coral reef ecosystem. The Food and Raw Materials sector includes groups that harvest natural resources from the earth, including agriculture, aquaculture, fishing, forestry, mining, and the oil and gas industry. Infrastructural sectors provide the physical, organizational, and technical support for the economy to function, including construction, utilities, transportation, finance, manufacturing, wholesale and retail trade, and technical services. Invasive species are plants, animals, or other organisms that are foreign to a particular environment, and whose introduction may be detrimental when invasives compete with or consume native species. Marine products are non-food goods derived from reefs that promote human well-being (e.g, aquarium  fish or ornamental resources) and human health (e.g., pharmaceuticals and cosmetics). The Reef Ecosystem includes a suite of abiotic variables that form the physical and chemical environment. Waterborne point source discharges are pollution from a discernible, confined conveyance, such as a pipe, vehicle, ship, or animal feeding operation that directly enter the aquatic environment into streams or direct discharge into coastal waters. Pressures are human activities that create stress on the environment. Provisioning services are the products or ecosystem goods obtained from ecosystems, including seafood, genetic and biochemical resources, pharmaceuticals, ornamental resources, and water resources. Aesthetic & recreational value pertains to the value derived from the visual beauty and recreational opportunities provided by a natural ecosystem, including an assemblage of diverse, healthy, colorful, or unique species. The state of the Reef Ecosystem is the condition, in terms of quantity and quality, of the abiotic and biotic components including physical, chemical, and biological variables. Reef Habitat is the abundance, distribution, and condition of the benthic components of the reef ecosystem. Reef Inhabitants are all of the motile components of the reef ecosystem, including fish, invertebrates, marine reptiles and mammals, and are quantified by their  abundance, distribution, and condition. Reef Life is the abundance, distribution, and condition of the biological components of the coral reef ecosystem. Regulating Services are benefits obtained from ecosystem processes that regulate the environment, including erosion regulation, natural hazard regulation, and climate regulation. Resource use management pertains to responses to regulate or limit contact activities that may directly impact coastal species through harvesting or physical damage. Responses are actions taken by groups or individuals in society and government to prevent, compensate, ameliorate or adapt to changes in Ecosystem Services or their perceived value. Socio-Economic Drivers include the sectors that fulfill human needs for Food & Raw Materials, Water, Shelter, Health, Culture, and Security, and the Infrastructure that supports the sectors. Supporting services are ecological processes that indirectly benefit humans by maintaining a functional ecosystem for the production of other ecosystem goods and services. Transportation management includes policies, regulations, and zoning designed to control the distribution and intensity of transportation networks, including roads and shipping channels, and vehicles, including cars, boats, and ships. Water Transportation pertains to all transportation of people and goods via waterways.

CMap Description

Invasive species may contribute to the diversity and aesthetic value of the reef, but often compete with or consume native species, and alter native communities. Collectors of exotic species, such as the aquarium and pet trade, or ballast water discharges from international ships may lead to the introduction of invasive species that compete with native species. Aquaculture facilities also pose a risk of accidentally releasing cultured species into wild populations. Monitoring and scientific research can be used to track invasive species and better understand their impact on native populations. Ballast discharges can be controlled through point-source regulations. Environmental education can be used to educate individuals against accidental or intentional introductions of exotic species. Remediation may be required to directly remove invasive species where they are severely impacting native species.

Citations

Citation Year Study Location Study Type Database Topics
Angawi, RF; Bavestrello, G; Calcinai, B; Dien, HA; Donnarumma, G; Tufano, MA; Paoletti, I; Grimaldi, E; Chianese, G; Fattorusso, E; Taglialatela-Scafati, O. 2011. Aurantoside J: a New Tetramic Acid Glycoside from Theonella swinhoei. Insights into the Antifungal Potential of Aurantosides. Marine Drugs 9:2809-2817. 2011 Indonesia Invasive Species; Sponges
Arias-Gonzalez, JE; Gonzalez-Gandara, C; Cabrera, JL; Christensen, V. 2011. Predicted impact of the invasive lionfish Pterois volitans on the food web of a Caribbean coral reef. Environmental Research 111:917-925. 2011 South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Caribbean; Mexico Model Apex Fish Predators; Finfish Harvest; Fish; Invasive Species
Barbour, AB; Allen, MS; Frazer, TK; Sherman, KD. 2011. Evaluating the Potential Efficacy of Invasive Lionfish (Pterois volitans) Removals. PLoS One 6. 2011 South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Atlantic Ocean; Caribbean; Mexico Model Finfish Harvest; Fish; Invasive Species; Mangroves
Betancur-R, R; Hines, A; Acero, A; Orti, G; Wilbur, AE; Freshwater, DW. 2011. Reconstructing the lionfish invasion: insights into Greater Caribbean biogeography. Journal of Biogeography 38:1281-1293. 2011 South & Central America; Florida; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Bahamas; Bermuda; Caribbean Model Aquarium & Pet Trade; Aquarium Stock; Fish; Invasive Species
Bonaldo, RM; Krajewski, JP; Bellwood, DR. 2011. Relative impact of parrotfish grazing scars on massive Porites corals at Lizard Island, Great Barrier Reef. Marine Ecology Progress Series 423:223-233. 2011 Australia Algae; Corallivorous Fish; Fish; Invasive Species; Large Herbivorous Fish; Small Herbivorous Fish; Stony Coral
Coma, R; Serrano, E; Linares, C; Ribes, M; Diaz, D; Ballesteros, E. 2011. Sea Urchins Predation Facilitates Coral Invasion in a Marine Reserve. PLoS One 6. 2011 Algae; Invasive Species; Primary Production; Sea Urchins; Surface & Groundwater Flow
Darling, ES; Green, SJ; O'Leary, JK; Cote, IM. 2011. Indo-Pacific lionfish are larger and more abundant on invaded reefs: a comparison of Kenyan and Bahamian lionfish populations. Biological Invasions 13:2045-2051. 2011 South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Bahamas; Kenya; Caribbean; Mexico Field Study & Monitoring Fish; Invasive Species
Donas, KP; Schonefeld, T; Schlabach, R; Torsello, G. 2011. Eccentric infrarenal aortic stenosis. Surgical and endovascular treatment. Chirurg 82:367-369. 2011 Invasive Species; Pathogens
Green, SJ; Akins, JL; Cote, IM. 2011. Foraging behaviour and prey consumption in the Indo-Pacific lionfish on Bahamian coral reefs. Marine Ecology Progress Series 433:159-167. 2011 South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; Bahamas; Caribbean Fish; Invasive Species
Gumovsky, AV; Ramadan, MM. 2011. Biology, immature and adult morphology, and molecular characterization of a new species of the genus Entedon (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) associated with the invasive pest Specularius impressithorax (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae, Bruchinae) on Erythrina plants. Bulletin of Entomological Research 101:715-739. 2011 US Pacific & Hawaii; Tanzania; Mozambique; China; South Africa Invasive Species
Hassan, HM; Elnagar, AY; Khanfar, MA; Sallam, AA; Mohammed, R; Shaala, LA; Youssef, DTA; Hifnawy, MS; El Sayed, KA. 2011. Design of semisynthetic analogues and 3D-QSAR study of eunicellin-based diterpenoids as prostate cancer migration and invasion inhibitors. European Journal Of Medicinal Chemistry 46:1122-1130. 2011 Field Study & Monitoring; Model; Index or Indicator Invasive Species; Octocoral; Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics Sources
Hixon, MA. 2011. 60 Years Of Coral Reef Fish Ecology: Past, Present, Future. Bulletin of Marine Science 87:727-765. 2011 Cuba Model Finfish Harvest; Fish; Invasive Species; Marine Protected Areas; Special Use Permitting
Hoeksema, BW; van der Land, J; van der Meij, SET; van Ofwegen, LP; Reijnen, BT; van Soest, RWM; de Voogd, NJ. 2011. Unforeseen importance of historical collections as baselines to determine biotic change of coral reefs: the Saba Bank case. Marine Ecology-an Evolutionary Perspective 32:135-141. 2011 Global; South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; Antilles; Indonesia; Caribbean Climate; Invasive Species
Hutchinson, JT; Langeland, KA; Meisenburg, M. 2011. Field Trials for Herbicide Control of Coral Ardisia (Ardisia crenata) in Natural Areas of North-Central Florida. Invasive Plant Science and Management 4:234-238. 2011 Florida Field Study & Monitoring Fertilizer & Pesticide Use; Invasive Species
Ilves, KL; Kellogg, LL; Quattrini, AM; Chaplin, GW; Hertler, H; Lundberg, JG. 2011. Assessing 50-Year Change In Bahamian Reef Fish Assemblages: Evidence For Community Response To Recent Disturbance? Bulletin of Marine Science 87:567-588. 2011 South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; Bahamas; India; Caribbean Complex Habitat & Resources; Corallivorous Fish; Fish; Invasive Species; Invertivorous Fish; Large Herbivorous Fish; Planktivorous Fish; Skeletal Coral
Jud, ZR; Layman, CA; Lee, JA; Arrington, DA. 2011. Recent invasion of a Florida (USA) estuarine system by lionfish Pterois volitans/P. miles. Aquatic Biology 13:21-26. 2011 South & Central America; Florida; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Caribbean Docks & Marinas; Fish; Invasive Species; Lobster, Crab, & Shrimp; Surface & Groundwater Flow; Tourism & Recreation
Lages, BG; Fleury, BG; Menegola, C; Creed, JC. 2011. Change in tropical rocky shore communities due to an alien coral invasion. Marine Ecology Progress Series 438:85-96. 2011 South & Central America; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Atlantic Ocean; Mexico Invasive Species; Stony Coral
Lapointe, BE; Bedford, BJ. 2011. Stormwater nutrient inputs favor growth of non-native macroalgae (Rhodophyta) on O'ahu, Hawaiian Islands. Harmful Algae 10:310-318. 2011 Florida; US Pacific & Hawaii Algae; Discharges; Invasive Species; Non-point Source Runoff; Nutrients; Surface & Groundwater Flow
Lesser, MP; Slattery, M. 2011. Phase shift to algal dominated communities at mesophotic depths associated with lionfish (Pterois volitans) invasion on a Bahamian coral reef. Biological Invasions 13:1855-1868. 2011 South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Bahamas; Caribbean Climate; Finfish Harvest; Fish; Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species; Nutrients; Pathogens; Sea Urchins; Small Herbivorous Fish; Sponges; Storms & Hurricanes
Meadows, A. 2011. Wildlife Conservation Education And International Programmes. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 21:305-316. 2011 Global Review; Model Collaboration & Partnering; Invasive Species; Mangroves
Meyer, AL; Dierking, J. 2011. Elevated size and body condition and altered feeding ecology of the grouper Cephalopholis argus in non-native habitats. Marine Ecology Progress Series 439:203-212. 2011 US Pacific & Hawaii Apex Fish Predators; Invasive Species; Piscivorous Fish
Mumby, PJ; Harborne, AR; Brumbaugh, DR. 2011. Grouper as a Natural Biocontrol of Invasive Lionfish. PLoS One 6. 2011 South & Central America; Florida; US Pacific & Hawaii; Caribbean Finfish Harvest; Fish; Invasive Species; Mangroves; Piscivorous Fish
Munoz, RC; Currin, CA; Whitfield, PE. 2011. Diet of invasive lionfish on hard bottom reefs of the Southeast USA: insights from stomach contents and stable isotopes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 432:181-U494. 2011 South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Atlantic Ocean; Cuba; Caribbean Corallivorous Fish; Fish; Invasive Species; Large Herbivorous Fish
Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2011. Conservation Practice Standard: Bivalve Aquaculture Gear and Biofouling Control. CODE 400, USDA. 2011 Aquaculture; Bivalves; Invasive Species; Ports & Harbors; Sediment; Storms & Hurricanes; Substrate
Sarac, TP. 2011. Influence and Critique of the ASTRAL and CORAL Trials. Seminars in Vascular Surgery 24:162-166. 2011 Invasive Species; Pathogens
Sutherland, WJ; Bardsley, S; Bennun, L; Clout, M; Cote, IM; Depledge, MH; Dicks, LV; Dobson, AP; Fellman, L; Fleishman, E; Gibbons, DW; Impey, AJ; Lawton, JH; Lickorish, F; Lindenmayer, DB; Lovejoy, TE; Mac Nally, R; Madgwick, J; Peck, LS; Pretty, J; Prio. 2011. Horizon scan of global conservation issues for 2011. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 26:10-16. 2011 Global Review Greenhouse Gas Emissions; Invasive Species; Pathogens; Schools & Colleges
Wagner, D; Papastamatiou, YP; Kosaki, RK; Gleason, KA; McFall, GB; Boland, RC; Pyle, RL; Toonen, RJ. 2011. New Records of Commercially Valuable Black Corals (Cnidaria: Antipatharia) from the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands at Mesophotic Depths. Pacific Science 65:249-255. 2011 US Pacific & Hawaii Commercial Fisheries; Dive, Snorkeling, & Swimming Tourism; Invasive Species; Octocoral; Stony Coral
Walker, SE; Parsons-Hubbard, K; Richardson-White, S; Brett, C; Powell, E. 2011. Alpha and beta diversity of encrusting foraminifera that recruit to long-term experiments along a carbonate platform-to-slope gradient: Paleoecological and paleoenvironmental implications. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 312:325-349. 2011 South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; Caribbean; Mexico Index or Indicator Beaches & Nature Parks; Invasive Species; Ocean Acidity; Sediment; Substrate
Work, TM; Forsman, ZH; Szabo, Z; Lewis, TD; Aeby, GS; Toonen, RJ. 2011. Inter-Specific Coral Chimerism: Genetically Distinct Multicellular Structures Associated with Tissue Loss in Montipora capitata. PLoS One 6. 2011 US Pacific & Hawaii Invasive Species; Pathogens
Ahrenholz, D. W. and J. A. Morris. 2010. Larval duration of the lionfish, Pterois volitans along the Bahamian Archipelago. Environmental Biology of Fishes 88:305-309. 2010 South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Caribbean Fish; Invasive Species
Banks, S. C., S. D. Ling, C. R. Johnson, M. P. Piggott, J. E. Williamson, and L. B. Beheregaray. 2010. Genetic structure of a recent climate change-driven range extension. Molecular Ecology 19:2011-2024. 2010 Global; Australia Model Climate; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species; Sea Temperatures; Sea Urchins
Barbour, A. B., M. L. Montgomery, A. A. Adamson, E. Diaz-Ferguson, and B. R. Silliman. 2010. Mangrove use by the invasive lionfish Pterois volitans. Marine Ecology Progress Series 401:291-294. 2010 US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Bahamas Complex Habitat & Resources; Corallivorous Fish; Fish; Invasive Species; Large Herbivorous Fish; Lobster, Crab, & Shrimp; Mangroves
Breves-Ramos, A., A. O. R. Junqueira, H. P. Lavrado, S. H. G. Silva, and M. A. G. Ferreira-Silva. 2010. Population structure of the invasive bivalve Isognomon bicolor on rocky shores of Rio de Janeiro State (Brazil). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 90:453-459. 2010 Bivalves; Invasive Species; Molluscs
Concepcion, G. T., S. E. Kahng, M. W. Crepeau, E. C. Franklin, S. L. Coles, and R. J. Toonen. 2010. Resolving natural ranges and marine invasions in a globally distributed octocoral (genus Carijoa). Marine Ecology Progress Series 401:113-127. 2010 Global; South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Pacific Ocean; Caribbean Invasive Species; Octocoral; Ports & Harbors
Cook, E. J., R. Shucksmith, H. Orr, G. V. Ashton, and J. Berge. 2010. Fatty acid composition as a dietary indicator of the invasive caprellid, Caprella mutica (Crustacea: Amphipoda). Marine Biology 157:19-27. 2010 Global; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Field Study & Monitoring; Index or Indicator Algae; Aquaculture; Artificial Habitat; Invasive Species
David, G. K., D. J. Marshall, and C. Riginos. 2010. Latitudinal variability in spatial genetic structure in the invasive ascidian, Styela plicata. Marine Biology 157:1955-1965. 2010 Australia Invasive Species; Plankton; Sea Temperatures
Fautin, D., P. Dalton, L. S. Incze, J. A. C. Leong, C. Pautzke, A. Rosenberg, P. Sandifer, G. Sedberry, J. W. Tunnell, I. Abbott, R. E. Brainard, M. Brodeur, L. G. Eldredge, M. Feldman, F. Moretzsohn, P. S. Vroom, M. Wainstein, and N. Wolff. 2010. An Overview of Marine Biodiversity in United States Waters. PLoS One 5:e11914. 2010 Global Field Study & Monitoring; Lab Study Banks, Credit, & Securities; CO2; Coastal Development; Environmental Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Invasive Species; Shipping, Storage, & Warehousing
Goddard, J. H. R. and M. S. Love. 2010. Megabenthic Invertebrates On Shell Mounds Associated With Oil And Gas Platforms Off California. Bulletin of Marine Science 86:533-554. 2010 Anemones & Zooanthids; Echinoderms; Invasive Species; Lobster, Crab, & Shrimp; Oil & Gas Rigs; Sea Urchins; Seastars
Harrison, P. A. 2010. Ecosystem services and biodiversity conservation: an introduction to the RUBICODE project. Biodiversity and Conservation 19:2767-2772. 2010 Climate; Invasive Species; Landscape Changes; Landscape Conservation & Restoration; Surface & Groundwater Flow
Hassan, H. M., M. A. Khanfar, A. Y. Elnagar, R. Mohammed, L. A. Shaala, D. T. A. Youssef, M. S. Hifnawy, and K. A. El Sayed. 2010. Pachycladins A-E, Prostate Cancer Invasion and Migration Inhibitory Eunicellin-Based Diterpenoids from the Red Sea Soft Coral Cladiella pachyclados. Journal of Natural Products 73:848-853. 2010 Invasive Species; Octocoral
Heiman, K. W. and F. Micheli. 2010. Non-native Ecosystem Engineer Alters Estuarine Communities. Integrative And Comparative Biology 50:226-236. 2010 Invasive Species; Marine Worms
Jenkins, A. P., S. D. Jupiter, I. Qauqau, and J. Atherton. 2010. The importance of ecosystem-based management for conserving aquatic migratory pathways on tropical high islands: a case study from Fiji. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 20:224-238. 2010 US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia; Fiji; Papua New Guinea GIS & Maps Collaboration & Partnering; Fish; Invasive Species; Landscape Conservation & Restoration; Mangroves; Monetary Valuation; Surface & Groundwater Flow
Johnson, J. E. and D. J. Welch. 2010. Marine Fisheries Management in a Changing Climate: A Review of Vulnerability and Future Options. Reviews in Fisheries Science 18:106-124. 2010 Global Review Climate; Finfish Harvest; Fish; Fishing & Harvesting Management; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species; Ocean Acidity; Storms & Hurricanes; Surface & Groundwater Flow; Water Depth & Sea Level
Lages, B. G., B. G. Fleury, A. C. Pinto, and J. C. Creed. 2010. Chemical defenses against generalist fish predators and fouling organisms in two invasive ahermatypic corals in the genus Tubastraea. Marine Ecology-an Evolutionary Perspective 31:473-482. 2010 US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Fish; Invasive Species; Stony Coral
LaJeunesse, T. C., R. Smith, M. Walther, J. Pinzon, D. T. Pettay, M. McGinley, M. Aschaffenburg, P. Medina-Rosas, A. L. Cupul-Magana, A. L. Perez, H. Reyes-Bonilla, and M. E. Warner. 2010. Host-symbiont recombination versus natural selection in the response of coral-dinoflagellate symbioses to environmental disturbance. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 277:2925-2934. 2010 Global; South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; Mexico Anemones & Zooanthids; Climate; Collaboration & Partnering; Invasive Species; Stony Coral
Lapointe, B. E. and B. J. Bedford. 2010. Ecology and nutrition of invasive Caulerpa brachypus f. parvifolia blooms on coral reefs off southeast Florida, USA. Harmful Algae 9:1-12. 2010 Florida; Bahamas Algae; Discharges; Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species; Non-point Source Runoff; Nutrients; Surface & Groundwater Flow
Martin, L. B., W. A. Hopkins, L. D. Mydlarz, and J. R. Rohr. 2010. The effects of anthropogenic global changes on immune functions and disease resistance. Pages 129-148 Year In Ecology And Conservation Biology 2010. 2010 Global Invasive Species; Pathogens; Toxics
Neigel, J. E. 2010. Where are they now? The fates of two genetic lineages in an introduced Hawaiian reef fish. Molecular Ecology 19:1073-1074. 2010 US Pacific & Hawaii Fish; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species; Piscivorous Fish; Plankton
Niggl, W. and C. Wild. 2010. Spatial distribution of the upside-down jellyfish Cassiopea sp. within fringing coral reef environments of the Northern Red Sea: implications for its life cycle. Helgoland Marine Research 64:281-287. 2010 Field Study & Monitoring; Index or Indicator Complex Habitat & Resources; Environmental Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Invasive Species; Mangroves; Nutrients; Seagrasses
Rubinoff, D., B. S. Holland, A. Shibata, R. H. Messing, and M. G. Wright. 2010. Rapid Invasion Despite Lack of Genetic Variation in the Erythrina Gall Wasp (Quadrastichus erythrinae Kim). Pacific Science 64:23-31. 2010 US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia; Japan; Samoa; Guam; China; Taiwan Invasive Species
Sheehy, D. J. and S. F. Vik. 2010. The role of constructed reefs in non-indigenous species introductions and range expansions. Ecological Engineering 36:1-11. 2010 South & Central America; Mexico Review Artificial Habitat; Boating Activities; Boating Regulations; Civil Engineering & Construction; Invasive Species; Shipping, Storage, & Warehousing; Skeletal Coral
Steiner, S. C. C. and D. A. Willette. 2010. Distribution and size of benthic marine habitats in Dominica, Lesser Antilles. Revista de Biologia Tropical 58:589-602. 2010 Antilles Field Study & Monitoring; GIS & Maps Environmental Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Invasive Species; Ports & Harbors; Seagrasses
Steiner, S. C. C., K. J. Macfarlane, L. M. Price, and D. A. Willette. 2010. The distribution of seagrasses in Dominica, Lesser Antilles. Revista de Biologia Tropical 58:89-98. 2010 Antilles Invasive Species; Seagrasses; Storms & Hurricanes
Wanless, R. M., S. Scott, W. H. H. Sauer, T. G. Andrew, J. P. Glass, B. Godfrey, C. Griffiths, and E. Yeld. 2010. Semi-submersible rigs: a vector transporting entire marine communities around the world. Biological Invasions 12:2573-2583. 2010 Fish; Invasive Species; Oil & Gas Rigs
Zabin, C. J., R. Obernolte, J. A. Mackie, J. Gentry, L. Harris, and J. Geller. 2010. A non-native bryozoan creates novel substrate on the mudflats in San Francisco Bay. Marine Ecology Progress Series 412:129-139. 2010 Algae; Invasive Species; Invertebrates; Substrate
Avila, E. and J. L. Carballo. 2009. A preliminary assessment of the invasiveness of the Indo-Pacific sponge Chalinula nematifera on coral communities from the tropical Eastern Pacific. Biological Invasions 11:257-264. 2009 US Pacific & Hawaii; Pacific Ocean Field Study & Monitoring Environmental Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Invasive Species; Sponges; Stony Coral
Belmaker, J., E. Brokovich, V. China, D. Golani, and M. Kifawi. 2009. Estimating the rate of biological introductions: Lessepsian fishes in the Mediterranean. Ecology 90:1134-1141. 2009 Model Invasive Species
Briggs, J. C. 2009. Atlantic coral reefs: the transplantation alternative. Biological Invasions 11:1845-1854. 2009 US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Invasive Species
Bromage, E., L. Carpenter, S. Kaattari, and M. Patterson. 2009. Quantification of coral heat shock proteins from individual coral polyps. Marine Ecology Progress Series 376:123-132. 2009 Invasive Species; Pathogens; Special Use Permitting
Brudvig, L. A., E. I. Damschen, J. J. Tewksbury, N. M. Haddad, and D. J. Levey. 2009. Landscape connectivity promotes plant biodiversity spillover into non-target habitats. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106:9328-9332. 2009 Fishing Sector; Invasive Species
Bruschetti, M., C. Bazterrica, T. Luppi, and O. Iribarne. 2009. An invasive intertidal reef-forming polychaete affect habitat use and feeding behavior of migratory and locals birds in a SW Atlantic coastal lagoon. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 375:76-83. 2009 US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Field Study & Monitoring Invasive Species; Lobster, Crab, & Shrimp; Marine Birds; Marine Worms; Sediment
Bulleri, F., L. Tamburello, and L. Benedetti-Cecchi. 2009. Loss of consumers alters the effects of resident assemblages on the local spread of an introduced macroalga. Oikos 118:269-279. 2009 Algae; Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species; Sea Urchins
Conklin, K. Y., A. Kurihara, and A. R. Sherwood. 2009. A molecular method for identification of the morphologically plastic invasive algal genera Eucheuma and Kappaphycus (Rhodophyta, Gigartinales) in Hawaii. Journal of Applied Phycology 9-Jan. 2009 Global; US Pacific & Hawaii Decision Support Frameworks & Tools Invasive Species
Dafforn, K. A., E. L. Johnston, and T. M. Glasby. 2009. Shallow moving structures promote marine invader dominance. Biofouling 25:277-287. 2009 Global Invasive Species; Invertebrates
Darling, J. A., A. Kuenzi, and A. M. Reitzel. 2009. Human-mediated transport determines the non-native distribution of the anemone Nematostella vectensis, a dispersal-limited estuarine invertebrate. Marine Ecology Progress Series 380:137-146. 2009 US Pacific & Hawaii Anemones & Zooanthids; Invasive Species
Farrapeira, C. M. R. 2009. Barnacles (Crustacea: Cirripedia) of the estuarine and marine areas of the port of Recife (Pernambuco, Brazil). Cahiers de Biologie Marine 50:119-129. 2009 Invasive Species
Freshwater, D. W., A. Hines, S. Parham, A. Wilbur, M. Sabaoun, J. Woodhead, L. Akins, B. Purdy, P. E. Whitfield, and C. B. Paris. 2009. Mitochondrial control region sequence analyses indicate dispersal from the US East Coast as the source of the invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans in the Bahamas. Marine Biology 156:1213-1221. 2009 Florida; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Bahamas; Indonesia; Philippines Model Aquarium & Pet Trade; Aquarium Stock; Fish; Invasive Species
Garrone-Neto, D. and I. Sazima. 2009. The more stirring the better: cichlid fishes associate with foraging potamotrygonid rays. Neotropical Ichthyology 7:499-501. 2009 Invasive Species; Sediment; Substrate; Surface & Groundwater Flow
Getter, K. L., D. B. Rowe, and B. M. Cregg. 2009. Solar radiation intensity influences extensive green roof plant communities. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening 8:269-281. 2009 Invasive Species; Light; Substrate
Hayden, T. A. and J. G. Miner. 2009. Rapid dispersal and establishment of a benthic Ponto-Caspian goby in Lake Erie: diel vertical migration of early juvenile round goby. Biological Invasions 11:1767-1776. 2009 Fish; Invasive Species; Molluscs; Plankton; Surface & Groundwater Flow; Water Depth & Sea Level
Hoffmann, B. D. and A. Kay. 2009. Pisonia grandis monocultures limit the spread of an invasive ant-a case of carbohydrate quality? Biological Invasions 11:1403-1410. 2009 Australia Invasive Species
Keller, B. D., D. F. Gleason, E. McLeod, C. M. Woodley, S. Airame, B. D. Causey, A. M. Friedlander, R. Grober-Dunsmore, J. E. Johnson, S. L. Miller, and R. S. Steneck. 2009. Climate Change, Coral Reef Ecosystems, and Management Options for Marine Protected Areas. Environmental Management 44:1069-1088. 2009 Climate; Finfish Harvest; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species; Marine Protected Areas; Nutrients; Ocean Acidity; Pathogens; Special Use Permitting; Storms & Hurricanes; Water Depth & Sea Level
Kingsford, R. T., J. E. M. Watson, C. J. Lundquist, O. Venter, L. Hughes, E. L. Johnston, J. Atherton, M. Gawel, D. A. Keith, B. G. Mackey, C. Morley, H. P. Possingham, B. Raynor, H. F. Recher, and K. A. Wilson. 2009. Major Conservation Policy Issues for Biodiversity in Oceania. Conservation Biology 23:834-840. 2009 US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia; Micronesia Review Climate; Invasive Species; Pathogens
Kotiluoto, R., K. Ruokolainen, and M. Kettunen. 2009. Invasive Acacia auriculiformis Benth. in different habitats in Unguja, Zanzibar. African Journal of Ecology 47:77-86. 2009 Tanzania Invasive Species
Lajeunesse, T. C., W. Loh, and R. K. Trench. 2009. Do introduced endosymbiotic dinoflagellates 'take' to new hosts? Biological Invasions 11:995-1003. 2009 US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia Invasive Species; Stony Coral
Larpov, K. A., N. J. Kogut, and J. J. Geibel. 2009. Estimating Fish Length From Vertical Morphometric Parameters. California Fish and Game 95:161-174. 2009 China Field Study & Monitoring; Decision Support Frameworks & Tools Fish; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species
Makarow, M., R. Ceulemans, and L. Horn. 2009. Science Policy Briefing: Impacts of Ocean Acidification. 37, European Science Foundation, France. 2009 Global; Europe Review; Field Study & Monitoring Climate; CO2; Deforestation & Devegetation; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species; Ocean Acidity
Messing, R. H., S. Noser, and J. Hunkeler. 2009. Using host plant relationships to help determine origins of the invasive Erythrina gall wasp, Quadrastichus erythrinae Kim (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Biological Invasions 11:2233-2241. 2009 US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia; Somalia; Mozambique; South Africa Index or Indicator Invasive Species
Morris, J. A. and J. L. Akins. 2009. Feeding ecology of invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans) in the Bahamian archipelago. Environmental Biology of Fishes 86:389-398. 2009 US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Index or Indicator Fish; Invasive Species; Small Herbivorous Fish
Naumann, M. S., W. Niggl, C. Laforsch, C. Glaser, and C. Wild. 2009. Coral surface area quantification-evaluation of established techniques by comparison with computer tomography. Coral Reefs 28:109-117. 2009 Invasive Species; Stony Coral
Nelson, S. G., E. P. Glenn, D. Moore, and B. Ambrose. 2009. Growth and Distribution of the Macroalgae Gracilaria salicornia and G-parvispora (Rhodophyta) Established from Aquaculture Introductions at Moloka'i, Hawai'i. Pacific Science 63:383-396. 2009 Algae; Aquaculture; Invasive Species; Nutrients
Phillips, J. A. 2009. Reproductive ecology of Caulerpa taxifolia (Caulerpaceae, Bryopsidales) in subtropical eastern Australia. European Journal of Phycology 44:81-88. 2009 Australia Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species
Riegl, B., A. Bruckner, S. L. Coles, P. Renaud, and R. E. Dodge. 2009. Coral Reefs Threats and Conservation in an Era of Global Change. Pages 136-186 Year In Ecology And Conservation Biology 2009. 2009 Global; Florida Climate; CO2; Finfish Harvest; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species; Non-point Source Runoff; Nutrients; Ocean Acidity; Pathogens; Sediment; Tourism & Recreation
Riegl, B., A. Bruckner, S. L. Coles, P. Renaud, and R. E. Dodge. 2009. Coral reefs: threats and conservation in an era of global change. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1162:136-186. 2009 Global; Florida Finfish Harvest; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species; Non-point Source Runoff; Nutrients; Ocean Acidity; Pathogens; Sediment; Tourism & Recreation
Rius, M., X. Turon, and D. J. Marshall. 2009. Non-lethal effects of an invasive species in the marine environment: the importance of early life-history stages. Oecologia 159:873-882. 2009 Field Study & Monitoring Invasive Species; Invertebrates
Sand, P. H. 2009. Diego Garcia: British-American legal black hole in the Indian ocean? Journal of Environmental Law 21:113-137. 2009 Global; Indian Ocean; Chagos Archipelago; India Climate; Housing; Invasive Species; Military; Ocean Acidity
Shertzer, K. W., E. H. Williams, and J. C. Taylor. 2009. Spatial structure and temporal patterns in a large marine ecosystem: Exploited reef fishes of the southeast United States. Fisheries Research 100:126-133. 2009 Florida Climate; Fish; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species; Tourism & Recreation
Shucksmith, R., E. J. Cook, D. J. Hughes, and M. T. Burrows. 2009. Competition between the non-native amphipod Caprella mutica and two native species of caprellids Pseudoprotella phasma and Caprella linearis. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 89:1125-1132. 2009 Lab Study Artificial Habitat; Invasive Species
Stout, J. C. and C. L. Morales. 2009. Ecological impacts of invasive alien species on bees. Apidologie 40:388-409. 2009 Review Invasive Species; Pathogens
Strain, E. M. A. and C. R. Johnson. 2009. Competition between an invasive urchin and commercially fished abalone: Effect on body condition, reproduction and survivorship. Marine Ecology Progress Series 377:169-182. 2009 Australia Algae; Finfish Harvest; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species
Vargas-Angel, B., L. S. Godwin, J. Asher, and R. E. Brainard. 2009. Invasive didemnid tunicate spreading across coral reefs at remote Swains Island, American SÄautmoa. Coral Reefs 28:53-53. 2009 Invasive Species; Tunicates
Vermeij, M. J. A., M. L. Dailer, and C. M. Smith. 2009. Nutrient enrichment promotes survival and dispersal of drifting fragments in an invasive tropical macroalga. Coral Reefs 7-Jan. 2009 US Pacific & Hawaii Invasive Species; Nutrients
Vermeij, M. J. A., T. B. Smith, M. L. Dailer, and C. M. Smith. 2009. Release from native herbivores facilitates the persistence of invasive marine algae: a biogeographical comparison of the relative contribution of nutrients and herbivory to invasion success. Biological Invasions 11:1463-1474. 2009 South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; Caribbean Algae; Invasive Species; Nutrients
Vignon, M. 2009. Biological introductions and parasites in coral reefs ecosystems: risk and consequences - Fish introduction into the Hawaiian archipelago. Cybium 33:192-192. 2009 US Pacific & Hawaii Fish; Invasive Species
Wagner, D., S. E. Kahng, and R. J. Toonen. 2009. Observations on the life history and feeding ecology of a specialized nudibranch predator (Phyllodesmium poindimiei), with implications for biocontrol of an invasive octocoral (Carijoa riisei) in Hawaii. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 372:64-74. 2009 US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia Invasive Species; Lobster, Crab, & Shrimp; Octocoral; Sponges
Wilson Freshwater, D., A. Hines, S. Parham, A. Wilbur, M. Sabaoun, J. Woodhead, L. Akins, B. Purdy, P. E. Whitfield, and C. B. Paris. 2009. Mitochondrial control region sequence analyses indicate dispersal from the US East Coast as the source of the invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans in the Bahamas. Marine Biology 156:1213-1221. 2009 Florida; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Bahamas; Indonesia; Philippines Model Aquarium & Pet Trade; Aquarium Stock; Fish; Invasive Species
Wilson, S. B., G. W. Knox, K. L. Muller, R. Freyre, and Z. Deng. 2009. Seed Production and Viability of Eight Porterweed Selections Grown in Northern and Southern Florida. HortScience 44:1842-1849. 2009 Florida; Jamaica Invasive Species
Zajicek, P., S. Hardin, and C. Watson. 2009. A Florida marine ornamental pathway risk analysis. Reviews in Fisheries Science 17:156-169. 2009 Global; Florida; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Review Aquarium & Pet Trade; Aquarium Stock; Fish; Invasive Species; Stony Coral; Wholesale & Retail Trade
Albins, M. A. and M. A. Hixon. 2008. Invasive Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans reduce recruitment of Atlantic coral-reef fishes. Marine Ecology Progress Series 367:233-238. 2008 South & Central America; Florida; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Bahamas; Caribbean Field Study & Monitoring Fish; Invasive Species
Briggs, J. C. 2008. Atlantic coral reefs: the transplantation alternative. Biological Invasions 10-Jan. 2008 US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Invasive Species
Bruschetti, M., T. Luppi, E. Fanjul, A. Rosenthal, and O. Iribarne. 2008. Grazing effect of the invasive reef-forming polychaete Ficopomatus enigmaticus (Fauvel) on phytoplankton biomass in a SW Atlantic coastal lagoon. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 354:212-219. 2008 US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Invasive Species; Marine Worms; Nutrients; Plankton; Primary Production; Seawater Flow
Bulleri, F. and L. Benedetti-Cecchi. 2008. Facilitation of the introduced green alga Caulerpa racemosa by resident algal turfs: Experimental evaluation of underlying mechanisms. Marine Ecology Progress Series 364:77-86. 2008 Algae; Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species; Sediment
Burger, M. A. A., A. C. Barnes, and R. D. Adlard. 2008. Wildlife as reservoirs for parasites infecting commercial species: Host specificity and a redescription of Kudoa amamiensis from teleost fish in Australia. Journal of Fish Diseases 31:835-844. 2008 Australia; Japan Aquaculture; Fish; Invasive Species; Small Herbivorous Fish
Fleury, B. G., B. G. Lages, J. P. Barbosa, C. R. Kaiser, and A. C. Pinto. 2008. New hemiketal steroid from the introduced soft coral Chromonephthea braziliensis is a chemical defense against predatory fishes. Journal of Chemical Ecology 34:987-993. 2008 US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Invasive Species; Octocoral
Granek, E. F., E. M. P. Madin, M. A. Brown, W. Figueira, D. S. Cameron, Z. Hogan, G. Kristianson, P. De Villiers, J. E. Williams, J. Post, S. Zahn, and R. Arlinghaus. 2008. Engaging recreational fishers in management and conservation: Global case studies. Conservation Biology 22:1125-1134. 2008 Global; Australia; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Field Study & Monitoring; Decision Support Frameworks & Tools Collaboration & Partnering; Finfish Harvest; Fish; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species; Marine Protected Areas; Recreational Fishing; Tourism & Recreation
Hall-Spencer, J. M., R. Rodolfo-Metalpa, S. Martin, E. Ransome, M. Fine, S. M. Turner, S. J. Rowley, D. Tedesco, and M.-C. Buia. 2008. Volcanic carbon dioxide vents show ecosystem effects of ocean acidification. Nature 454:96-99. 2008 CO2; Invasive Species; Ocean Acidity; Sea Urchins; Stony Coral; Surface & Groundwater Flow
Kahng, S. E., Y. Benayahu, D. Wagner, and N. Rothe. 2008. Sexual reproduction in the invasive octocoral Carijoa riisei in Hawaii. Bulletin of Marine Science 82:17-Jan. 2008 US Pacific & Hawaii Invasive Species; Octocoral
Kruzic, P., A. Zuljevic, and V. Nikolic. 2008. The highly invasive alga Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea poses a new threat to the banks of the coral Cladocora caespitosa in the Adriatic Sea. Coral Reefs 27:441. 2008 Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species
Laforsch, C., E. Christoph, C. Glaser, M. Naumann, C. Wild, and W. Niggl. 2008. A precise and non-destructive method to calculate the surface area in living scleractinian corals using X-ray computed tomography and 3D modeling. Coral Reefs 27:811-820. 2008 Model Invasive Species; Stony Coral
Medeiros, A. C., E. Vonallmen, M. Fukada, A. Samuelson, and T. Lau. 2008. Impact of the newly arrived seed-predating beetle Specularius impressithorax (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Bruchinae) in Hawai'i. Pacific Conservation Biology 14:12-Jul. 2008 US Pacific & Hawaii; China Invasive Species; Ornamental Jewelry & Art
Messing, R. H., S. Noser, and J. Hunkeler. 2008. Using host plant relationships to help determine origins of the invasive Erythrina gall wasp, Quadrastichus erythrinae Kim (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Biological Invasions 9-Jan. 2008 US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia; Somalia; Mozambique; South Africa Index or Indicator Invasive Species
New, T. R. 2008. Insect conservation on islands: Setting the scene and defining the needs. Journal of Insect Conservation 12:197-204. 2008 Climate; Invasive Species
Piola, R. F. and E. L. Johnston. 2008. The potential for translocation of marine species via small-scale disruptions to antifouling surfaces. Biofouling 24:145-155. 2008 Australia Algae; Invasive Species; Marine Protected Areas
Przeslawski, R., S. Ahyong, M. Byrne, G. Worheide, and P. Hutchings. 2008. Beyond corals and fish: The effects of climate change on noncoral benthic invertebrates of tropical reefs. Global Change Biology 14:2773-2795. 2008 South & Central America; Australia; Caribbean Review Climate; Invasive Species; Non-point Source Runoff; Nutrients; Ocean Acidity; Salinity; Sediment; Special Use Permitting
Radwan, M. M., S. P. Manly, K. A. El Sayed, V. B. Wali, P. W. Sylvester, B. Awate, G. Shah, and S. A. Ross. 2008. Sinulodurins A and B, antiproliferative and anti-invasive diterpenes from the soft coral Sinularia dura. Journal of Natural Products 71:1468-1471. 2008 Palau Invasive Species; Octocoral
Rosenthal, J. H. 2008. Renovascular hypertension - Drug or invasive therapy? [Renovaskulare hypertonie - Medikamentos oder invasiv therapieren?]. Nieren- und Hochdruckkrankheiten 37:158-163. 2008 Invasive Species
Santos, L. N., F. G. Araujo, and D. S. Brotto. 2008. Artificial structures as tools for fish habitat rehabilitation in a neotropical reservoir. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 18:896-908. 2008 Decision Support Frameworks & Tools Artificial Habitat; Complex Habitat & Resources; Dive, Snorkeling, & Swimming Tourism; Fish; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species
Stat, M. and R. D. Gates. 2008. Vectored introductions of marine endosymbiotic dinoflagellates into Hawaii. Biological Invasions 10:579-583. 2008 US Pacific & Hawaii Ballast Discharge; Invasive Species; Shipping, Storage, & Warehousing; Stony Coral
Stimson, J. and E. Conklin. 2008. Potential reversal of a phase shift: The rapid decrease in the cover of the invasive green macroalga Dictyosphaeria cavernosa Forssk. on coral reefs in Kane'ohe Bay, Oahu, Hawai'i. Coral Reefs 27:717-726. 2008 Algae; Invasive Species; Light; Skeletal Coral
Tepedino, V. J., B. A. Bradley, and T. L. Griswold. 2008. Might flowers of invasive plants increase native bee carrying capacity? Intimations from Capitol Reef National Park, Utah. Natural Areas Journal 28:44-50. 2008 Invasive Species
Water Environment Servicves. 2008. Three Creeks Restoration. 2008 Invasive Species; Littering; Surface & Groundwater Flow; Tourism & Recreation; Wetlands
Weijerman, M., R. Most, K. Wong, and S. Beavers. 2008. Attempt to control the invasive red alga Acanthophora spicifera (Rhodophyta: Ceramiales) in a Hawaiian Fishpond: An assessment of removal techiques and management options. Pacific Science 62:517-532. 2008 US Pacific & Hawaii Fish; Invasive Species; Small Herbivorous Fish
Work, T.M., G. S. Aeby, J. E. Maragos. 2008. Phase shift from a coral to a corallimorph-dominated reef associated with a shipwreck on Palmyra atoll. PLoS One 3:e2989. 2008 US Pacific & Hawaii; Pacific Ocean; Palmyra Atoll Complex Habitat & Resources; Invasive Species
World Bank Group. 2008. Biodiversity, Climate Change, and Adaptation. Nature based solutions from the world bank portfolio. The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Washington, DC. 2008 Global; South & Central America; Iran; Caribbean Field Study & Monitoring; GIS & Maps Agriculture; Banks, Credit, & Securities; Climate; Corporate Responses; Discharges; Funding & Donations; Funding & Incentives; Invasive Species; Irrigation; Landscape Conservation & Restoration; Sewage Treatment; Waste Management; Waste Management Policies
Zhu, P., Q. Li, and G. Wang. 2008. Unique microbial signatures of the alien Hawaiian marine sponge Suberites zeteki. Microbial Ecology 55:406-414. 2008 US Pacific & Hawaii Biochemical & Genetic Resources; Cyanobacteria; Invasive Species; Invertebrates; Sponges
Beuck, L., A. Vertino, E. Stepina, M. Karolczak, and O. Pfannkuche. 2007. Skeletal response of Lophelia pertusa (Scleractinia) to bioeroding sponge infestation visualised with micro-computed tomography. Facies 53:157-176. 2007 US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Boring Sponges; Invasive Species; Sponges; Stony Coral
Bianchi, C. N. 2007. Biodiversity issues for the forthcoming tropical Mediterranean Sea. Hydrobiologia 580:21-Jul. 2007 US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Algae; Climate; Invasive Species
Coles, S. L. and H. Bolick. 2007. Invasive introduced sponge Mycale grandis overgrows reef corals in Kane'ohe Bay, O'ahu, Hawai'i. Coral Reefs 26:911. 2007 Invasive Species; Sponges
Creed, J. C. and A. F. De Paula. 2007. Substratum preference during recruitment of two invasive alien corals onto shallow-subtidal tropical rocky shores. Marine Ecology Progress Series 330:101-111. 2007 Invasive Species; Stony Coral
Glasby, T. M., S. D. Connell, M. G. Holloway, and C. L. Hewitt. 2007. Nonindigenous biota on artificial structures: Could habitat creation facilitate biological invasions? Marine Biology 151:887-895. 2007 Docks & Marinas; Invasive Species
Hoare, J. M., S. Pledger, N. J. Nelson, and C. H. Daugherty. 2007. Avoiding aliens: Behavioural plasticity in habitat use enables large, nocturnal geckos to survive Pacific rat invasions. Biological Conservation 136:510-519. 2007 Global; US Pacific & Hawaii Invasive Species
Janssen, J., J. E. Marsden, C. R. Bronte, D. J. Jude, S. P. Sitar, and F. W. Goetz. 2007. Challenges to deep-water reproduction by lake trout: Pertinence to restoration in Lake Michigan. Journal of Great Lakes Research 33:59-74. 2007 Cuba Invasive Species; Plankton; Primary Production
Johnson, C. E. and T. L. Goulet. 2007. A comparison of photographic analyses used to quantify zooxanthella density and pigment concentrations in Cnidarians. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 353:287-295. 2007 Global GIS & Maps; Decision Support Frameworks & Tools Anemones & Zooanthids; Invasive Species; Zooxanthellae
Kahng, S. E. and C. D. Kelley. 2007. Vertical zonation of megabenthic taxa on a deep photosynthetic reef (50-140 m) in the Au'au Channel, Hawaii. Coral Reefs 26:679-687. 2007 US Pacific & Hawaii Algae; Calcareous Macroalgae; Complex Habitat & Resources; Invasive Species; Octocoral
Natural Resources Conservation Service, editor. 2007. Native Plants for Coastal Dune Restoration: What, When, and How for Florida. US Department of Agriculture. 2007 Florida; Puerto Rico; Australia; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Invasive Species; Shoreline Protection
O'Doherty, D. C. and A. R. Sherwood. 2007. Genetic population structure of the Hawaiian alien invasive seaweed Acanthophora spicifera (Rhodophyta) as revealed by DNA sequencing and ISSR analyses. Pacific Science 61:223-233. 2007 US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia Invasive Species
Page, H. M., J. E. Dugan, D. M. Schroeder, M. M. Nishimoto, M. S. Love, and J. C. Hoesterey. 2007. Trophic links and condition of a temperate reef fish: Comparisons among offshore oil platform and natural reef habitats. Marine Ecology Progress Series 344:245-256. 2007 Artificial Habitat; Complex Habitat & Resources; Fish; Invasive Species; Invertebrates; Oil & Gas Rigs
Pickering, T. D., P. Skelton, and R. J. Sulu. 2007. Intentional introductions of commercially harvested alien seaweeds. Botanica Marina 50:338-350. 2007 Global; US Pacific & Hawaii Field Study & Monitoring Algae; Aquaculture; Environmental Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Invasive Species; Shipping, Storage, & Warehousing; Surface & Groundwater Flow
Relini, G., M. Relini, G. Palandri, S. Merello, and E. Beccornia. 2007. History, ecology and trends for artificial reefs of the Ligurian sea, Italy. Hydrobiologia 580:193-217. 2007 Algae; Artificial Habitat; Finfish Harvest; Fish; Fleshy Macroalgae; Funding & Donations; Funding & Incentives; Invasive Species; Seagrasses; Tourism & Recreation; Trawling & Fishing Gear Damage
Stimson, J., T. Cunha, and J. Philippoff. 2007. Food preferences and related behavior of the browsing sea urchin Tripneustes gratilla (Linnaeus) and its potential for use as a biological control agent. Marine Biology 151:1761-1772. 2007 US Pacific & Hawaii Field Study & Monitoring Algae; Invasive Species; Sea Urchins; Small Herbivorous Fish
Wagner, D., S. E. Kahng, and R. J. Toonen. 2007. New report of nudibranch predators of the invasive octocoral Carijoa riisei in the Main Hawaiian Islands. Coral Reefs 26:411. 2007 US Pacific & Hawaii Invasive Species; Octocoral
Bolton, T. F. and W. M. Graham. 2006. Jellyfish on the rocks: Bioinvasion threat of the international trade in aquarium live rock. Biological Invasions 8:651-653. 2006 Global; US Pacific & Hawaii Aquarium & Pet Trade; Invasive Species
Coles, S. L., F. L. M. Kandel, P. A. Reath, K. Longenecker, and L. G. Eldredge. 2006. Rapid assessment of nonindigenous marine species on coral reefs in the main Hawaiian islands. Pacific Science 60:483-507. 2006 US Pacific & Hawaii Lab Study; Model Algae; Invasive Species; Surface & Groundwater Flow
Davenport, J. and J. L. Davenport. 2006. The impact of tourism and personal leisure transport on coastal environments: A review. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 67:280-292. 2006 Cuba Review Beaches & Nature Parks; Boating Regulations; Cruise Ships; Dive, Snorkeling, & Swimming Tourism; Docks & Marinas; Hotel & Food Services; Infrastructure; Invasive Species; Land & Air Transportation; Small Boats; Tourism & Recreation; Trampling
Erickson, A. A., V. J. Paul, K. L. Van Alstyne, and L. M. Kwiatkowski. 2006. Palatability of macroalgae that use different types of chemical defenses. Journal of Chemical Ecology 32:1883-1895. 2006 Algae; Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species; Sea Urchins
Lages, B. G., B. G. Fleury, C. E. L. Ferreira, and R. C. Pereira. 2006. Chemical defense of an exotic coral as invasion strategy. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 328:127-135. 2006 US Pacific & Hawaii Field Study & Monitoring Fish; Invasive Species; Octocoral
Lapointe, B. E., B. J. Bedford, and R. Baumberger. 2006. Hurricanes Frances and Jeanne remove blooms of the invasive green alga Caulerpa brachypus forma parvifolia (Harvey) cribb from coral reefs off northern Palm Beach County, Florida. Estuaries and Coasts 29:966-971. 2006 Florida; France Algae; Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species; Nutrients; Storms & Hurricanes
Lewis, J. B. 2006. Biology and Ecology of the Hydrocoral Millepora on Coral Reefs. Advances in Marine Biology 50:Jan-55. 2006 Algae; Cleaner & Solvent Use; Corallivorous Fish; Fish; Hydrocoral; Invasive Species; Marine Worms; Microorganisms; Molluscs; Pathogens; Petroleum Spills; Plankton; Stony Coral; Storms & Hurricanes; Zooxanthellae
Li, H.-M., H. Xiao, H. Peng, H.-X. Han, and D.-Y. Xue. 2006. Potential global range expansion of a new invasive species, the erythrina gall wasp, Quadrastichus erythrinae Kim (insecta: Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology 54:229-234. 2006 Global; South & Central America Climate; Invasive Species
Obenat, S., E. Spivak, and J. M. Orensanz. 2006. Reproductive biology of the invasive reef-forming serpulid, Ficopomatus enigmaticus, in the Mar Chiquita coastal lagoon, Argentina. Invertebrate Reproduction and Development 49:263-271. 2006 Invasive Species; Marine Worms
Obenat, S., E. Spivak, and L. Garrido. 2006. Life history and reproductive biology of the invasive amphipod Melita palmata (Amphipoda: Melitidae) in the Mar Chiquita coastal lagoon, Argentina. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 86:1381-1387. 2006 Invasive Species
Page, H. M., J. E. Dugan, C. S. Culver, and J. C. Hoesterey. 2006. Exotic invertebrate species on offshore oil platforms. Marine Ecology Progress Series 325:101-107. 2006 US Pacific & Hawaii Anemones & Zooanthids; Artificial Habitat; Complex Habitat & Resources; Invasive Species; Oil & Gas Rigs
Raniello, R., M. Lorenti, C. Brunet, and M. C. Buia. 2006. Photoacclimation of the invasive alga Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea to depth and daylight patterns and a putative new role for siphonaxanthin. Marine Ecology 27:20-30. 2006 Dive, Snorkeling, & Swimming Tourism; Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species; Light
Ritchie, K. B. 2006. Regulation of microbial populations by coral surface mucus and mucus-associated bacteria. Marine Ecology Progress Series 322:14-Jan. 2006 South & Central America; Caribbean Invasive Species; Pathogens; Special Use Permitting; Stony Coral
Roseman, E. F., W. W. Taylor, D. B. Hayes, A. L. Jones, and J. T. Francis. 2006. Predation on walleye eggs by fish on reefs in western Lake Erie. Journal of Great Lakes Research 32:415-423. 2006 Cuba Fish; Invasive Species
Ruiz-Carus, R., R. E. Matheson Jr., D. E. Roberts Jr., and P. E. Whitfield. 2006. The western Pacific red lionfish, Pterois volitans (Scorpaenidae), in Florida: Evidence for reproduction and parasitism in the first exotic marine fish established in state waters. Biological Conservation 128:384-390. 2006 Florida; US Pacific & Hawaii Review Escape & Release of Non-natives; Fish; Invasive Species
Chapman, M. G., J. People, and D. Blockley. 2005. Intertidal assemblages associated with natural corallina turf and invasive mussel beds. Biodiversity and Conservation 14:1761-1776. 2005 Algae; Invasive Species
Conklin, E. J. and J. E. Smith. 2005. Abundance and spread of the invasive red algae, Kappaphycus spp., in Kane'ohe Bay, Hawai'i and an experimental assessment of management options. Biological Invasions 7:1029-1039. 2005 US Pacific & Hawaii Algae; Complex Habitat & Resources; Invasive Species; Sea Urchins; Small Herbivorous Fish
Lapointe, B. E., P. J. Barile, M. M. Littler, and D. S. Littler. 2005. Macroalgal blooms on southeast Florida coral reefs: II. Cross-shelf discrimination of nitrogen sources indicates widespread assimilation of sewage nitrogen. Harmful Algae 4:1106-1122. 2005 Florida; US Pacific & Hawaii Field Study & Monitoring Algae; Discharges; Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species; Non-point Source Runoff; Nutrients; Surface & Groundwater Flow; Wastewater Discharge
Lapointe, B. E., P. J. Barile, M. M. Littler, D. S. Littler, B. J. Bedford, and C. Gasque. 2005. Macroalgal blooms on southeast Florida coral reefs: I. Nutrient stoichiometry of the invasive green alga Codium isthmocladum in the wider Caribbean indicates nutrient enrichment. Harmful Algae 4:1092-1105. 2005 South & Central America; Florida; Caribbean Algae; Complex Habitat & Resources; Invasive Species; Nutrients
Meister, H. S., D. M. Wyanski, J. K. Loefer, S. W. Ross, A. M. Quattrini, and K. J. Sulak. 2005. Further evidence for the invasion and establishment of Pterois volitans (Teleostei: Scorpaenidae) along the Atlantic Coast of the United States. Southeastern Naturalist 4:193-206. 2005 Florida; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Fish; Invasive Species
Paula, A. F. and J. C. Creed. 2005. Spatial distribution and abundance of nonindigenous coral genus Tubastraea (Cnidaria, Scleractinia) around Ilha Grande, Brazil. Brazilian journal of biology = Revista brasleira de biologia 65:661-673. 2005 Invasive Species; Oil & Gas Rigs; Stony Coral
Work, T. M. and R. A. Rameyer. 2005. Coral Reefs 24:384-390. 2005 Samoa; American Samoa Field Study & Monitoring; Decision Support Frameworks & Tools Algae; Invasive Species; Marine Worms; Microorganisms; Pathogens; Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics; Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics Sources; Zooxanthellae
Andrefouet, S., M. Zubia, and C. Payri. 2004. Mapping and biomass estimation of the invasive brown algae Turbinaria ornata (Turner) J. Agardh and Sargassum mangarevense (Grunow) Setchell on heterogeneous Tahitian coral reefs using 4-meter resolution IKONOS satellite data. Coral Reefs 23:26-38. 2004 US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia; Pacific Ocean Field Study & Monitoring; GIS & Maps; Remote Sensing Algae; Biotechnology Research & Development; Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species; Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics; Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics Sources; Seagrasses
Avasthi, A. 2004. Releasing Nemo proves a disaster for native fish. New Scientist 183:13. 2004 Aquarium & Pet Trade; Aquarium Stock; Ballast Discharge; Fish; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species
Bryan, S. E., A. Cook, J. P. Evans, P. W. Colls, M. G. Wells, M. G. Lawrence, J. S. Jell, A. Greig, and R. Leslie. 2004. Pumice rafting and faunal dispersion during 2001-2002 in the Southwest Pacific: Record of a dacitic submarine explosive eruption from Tonga. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 227:135-154. 2004 Global; US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia; Fiji; Tonga Model Algae; Beaches & Nature Parks; Invasive Species; Marine Worms; Stony Coral; Storms & Hurricanes
Buddemeier, R. W., J. A. Kleypas, and R. B. Aronson. 2004. Coral reefs & global climate change: potential contributions of climate change to stresses on coral reef ecosystems. 2004 Global Climate; Finfish Harvest; Invasive Species; Pathogens; Water Depth & Sea Level
Goldberg, J. and C. Wilkinson. 2004. Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2004. 2004 Global Agriculture; Climate; Deforestation & Devegetation; Finfish Harvest; Invasive Species; Non-point Source Runoff; Pathogens; Seastars; Sediment
Meusnier, I., M. Valero, J. L. Olsen, and W. T. Stam. 2004. Analysis of rDNA ITS1 indels in Caulerpa taxifolia (Chlorophyta) supports a derived, incipient species status for the invasive strain. European Journal of Phycology 39:83-92. 2004 Australia; New Caledonia GIS & Maps Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species
Salgado-Barragan, J., N. Mendez, and A. Toledano-Granados. 2004. Ficopomatus miamiensis (Polychaeta: Serpulidae) and Styela canopus (Ascidiacea: Styelidae), non-native species in Urias estuary, SE Gulf of California, Mexico. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 45:167-173. 2004 South & Central America; Florida; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Panama; Mexico Ballast Discharge; Invasive Species; Lobster, Crab, & Shrimp; Mangroves; Marine Worms
Schwindt, E., C. G. De Francesco, and O. O. Iribarne. 2004. Individual and reef growth of the invasive reef-building polychaete Ficopomatus enigmaticus in a south-western Atlantic coastal lagoon. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 84:987-993. 2004 US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Invasive Species; Marine Worms; Nutrients; Salinity
Schwindt, E., O. O. Iribarne, and F. I. Isla. 2004. Physical effects of an invading reef-building polychaete on an Argentinean estuarine environment. Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science 59:109-120. 2004 Invasive Species; Marine Worms; Seawater Flow; Sediment
Semmens, B. X., E. R. Buhle, A. K. Salomon, and C. V. Pattengill-Semmens. 2004. A hotspot of non-native marine fishes: Evidence for the aquarium trade as an invasion pathway. Marine Ecology Progress Series 266:239-244. 2004 Florida Aquarium & Pet Trade; Aquarium Stock; Ballast Discharge; Environmental Education & Outreach; Escape & Release of Non-natives; Fish; Invasive Species; Shipping, Storage, & Warehousing; Social Organizations
Smith, J. E., C. L. Hunter, E. J. Conklin, R. Most, T. Sauvage, C. Squair, and C. M. Smith. 2004. Ecology of the invasive red alga Gracilaria salicornia (Rhodophyta) on O'ahu, Hawai'i. Pacific Science 58:325-343. 2004 Decision Support Frameworks & Tools Algae; Aquaculture; Invasive Species; Salinity; Social Organizations
Stedman, L. 2004. A Unanimous Vote of confidence? Pages 31-32 Water 21. 2004 Global Ballast Discharge; Cruise Ships; Docks & Marinas; Invasive Species; Light; Wastewater Discharge
Davidson, K., M. Hamnett, and C. Minato. 2003. The first four years: Hawaii Coral Reef Initiative Research Program. 2003 US Pacific & Hawaii Field Study & Monitoring Finfish Harvest; Fish; Invasive Species; Monetary Valuation; Nutrients
Kairo, M., B. Ali, O. Cheesman, K. Haysom, and S. Murphy. 2003. Invasive species threats in the caribbean region. CAB International. 2003 South & Central America; Antilles; Cuba; Caribbean Review Invasive Species; Special Use Permitting
Wabnitz, C., M. Taylor, E. Green, and T. Razak. 2003. From Ocean to Aquarium. UNEP-WCMC, Cambridge, UK. 2003 Aquarium & Pet Trade; Fish; Invasive Species
Williams, J. C., G. V. Byrd, and N. B. Konyukhov. 2003. Whiskered Auklets Aethia pygmaea, foxes, humans and how to right a wrong. Marine Ornithology 31:175-180. 2003 Invasive Species; Marine Birds; Plankton; Special Use Permitting
Coles, S. L. and L. G. Eldredge. 2002. Nonindigenous species introductions on Coral Reefs: A need for information. Pacific Science 56:191-209. 2002 US Pacific & Hawaii Review Algae; Fishing Sector; Invasive Species
Hutchings, P. A., R. W. Hilliard, and S. L. Coles. 2002. Species introductions and potential for marine pest invasions into tropical marine communities, with special reference to the Indo-Pacific. Pacific Science 56:223-233. 2002 South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia; Panama; Papua New Guinea; Indonesia; Philippines; Caribbean Ballast Discharge; Discharges; Docks & Marinas; Escape & Release of Non-natives; Finfish Harvest; Invasive Species; Large Ships; Military; Pathogens; Ports & Harbors; Shipping, Storage, & Warehousing; Small Boats
Lambert, G. 2002. Nonindigenous Ascidians in tropical waters. Pacific Science 56:291-298. 2002 South & Central America; US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia; Palau; Guam; Caribbean; Mexico Field Study & Monitoring Ballast Discharge; Coastal Defense; Docks & Marinas; Invasive Species; Military; Nutrients; Oil & Gas Rigs; Plankton; Ports & Harbors; Salinity
Levin, P. S., J. A. Coyer, R. Petrik, and T. P. Good. 2002. Community-wide effects of nonindigenous species on temperate rocky reefs. Ecology 83:3182-3193. 2002 England Field Study & Monitoring Invasive Species
Luppi, T. A. and C. C. Bas. 2002. The role of the invasive polychaete Ficopomatus enigmaticus Fauvel 1923 (Polychaeta: Serpulidae) reefs in the recruitment of Cyrtograpus angulatus Dana 1851 (Brachyura: Grapsidae), in the Mar Chiquita coastal lagoon, Argentina [Rol de los arrecifes del po. Ciencias Marinas 28:319-330. 2002 Invasive Species; Lobster, Crab, & Shrimp; Marine Worms
Paulay, G., L. Kirkendale, G. Lambert, and C. Meyer. 2002. Anthropogenic biotic interchange in a coral reef ecosystem: A case study from Guam. Pacific Science 56:403-422. 2002 US Pacific & Hawaii; Micronesia; Guam Ballast Discharge; Complex Habitat & Resources; Docks & Marinas; Escape & Release of Non-natives; Invasive Species; Military; Ports & Harbors; Tourism & Recreation
Perrings, C. 2002. Biological invasions in aquatic systems: The economic problem. Bulletin of Marine Science 70:541-552. 2002 Model Invasive Species; Pathogens
Poff, N. L., M. M. Brinson, and J. W. Day. 2002. Aquatic ecosystems & global climate change. 2002 Global Model Algae; Climate; CO2; Fish; Invasive Species; Non-point Source Runoff; Nutrients; Sediment; Surface & Groundwater Flow; Water Depth & Sea Level; Wetlands
Scavia, D., J. C. Field, D. F. Boesch, R. W. Buddemeier, V. Burkett, D. R. Cayan, M. Fogarty, M. A. Harwell, R. W. Howarth, C. Mason, D. J. Reed, T. C. Royer, A. H. Sallenger, and J. G. Titus. 2002. Climate change impacts on U.S. coastal and marine ecosystems. Estuaries 25:149-164. 2002 Global Review Climate; CO2; Coastal Development; Greenhouse Gas Emissions; Invasive Species; Nutrients; Sea Temperatures; Sediment; Storms & Hurricanes; Surface & Groundwater Flow; Water Depth & Sea Level; Wetlands
Turgeon, D. D., R. G. Asch, B. D. Causey, R. E. Dodge, W. Jaap, K. Banks, J. Delaney, B. D. Keller, R. Speiler, C. A. Matos, J. R. Garcia, E. Diaz, D. Catanzaro, C. S. Rogers, Z. Hillis-Starr, R. Nemeth, M. Taylor, G. P. Schmahl, M. W. Miller, D. A. Gulko, J. E. Maragos, A. M. Friedlander, C. L. Hunter, R. S. Brainard, P. Craig, R. H. Richond, G. Davis, J. Starmer, M. Trianni, P. Houk, C. E. Birkeland, A. Edward, Y. Golbuu, J. Gutierrez, N. Idechong, G. Paulay, A. Tafileichig, and N. V. Velde. 2002. The state of coral reef ecosystems of the United States and Pacific Freely Associated States: 2002. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/National Ocean Service/National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Silver Spring, MD. 2002 Global; Florida; US Virgin Islands; Puerto Rico; US Pacific & Hawaii; Samoa; Guam Anchoring & Vessel Grounding; Climate; Coastal Development; Finfish Harvest; Invasive Species; Marine Debris; Marine Protected Areas; Non-point Source Runoff; Pathogens; Storms & Hurricanes; Tourism & Recreation
Whitfield, P. E., T. Gardner, S. P. Vives, M. R. Gilligan, W. R. Courtenay Jr., G. C. Ray, and J. A. Hare. 2002. Biological invasion of the Indo-Pacific lionfish Pterois volitans along the Atlantic coast of North America. Marine Ecology Progress Series 235:289-297. 2002 Florida; US Pacific & Hawaii; US East Coast (NC, SC, GA); Atlantic Ocean; Bermuda Ballast Discharge; Escape & Release of Non-natives; Fish; Invasive Species
Withgott, J. 2002. Invasive species: California tries to rub out the monster of the lagoon. Science 295:2201-2202. 2002 Global Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species
Karhuketo, T. S. and H. J. Puhakka. 2001. Endoscope-guided round window fistula repair. Otology and Neurotology 22:869-873. 2001 Australia; Cuba Review Dive, Snorkeling, & Swimming Tourism; Invasive Species
Nlyibigira, E. I. and Z. S. Abdallah. 2001. Distribution and abundance, in maize and sorghum, of lepidopteran stemborers and associated indigenous parasitoids in zanzibar. Insect Science and its Application 21:335-346. 2001 Fiji Invasive Species; Special Use Permitting
Schwindt, E., A. Bortolus, and O. O. Iribarne. 2001. Invasion of a reef-builder polychaete: Direct and indirect impacts on the native benthic community structure. Biological Invasions 3:137-149. 2001 US East Coast (NC, SC, GA) Algae; Bivalves; Invasive Species; Lobster, Crab, & Shrimp; Marine Worms; Sediment
Stimson, J., S. T. Larned, and E. Conklin. 2001. Effects of herbivory, nutrient levels, and introduced algae on the distribution and abundance of the invasive macroalga Dictyosphaeria cavernosa in Kaneohe Bay, Hawaii. Coral Reefs 19:343-357. 2001 US Pacific & Hawaii Field Study & Monitoring; Lab Study Algae; Discharges; Fish; Invasive Species; Nutrients; Small Herbivorous Fish
Talbot, F. and C. Wilkinson. 2001. Coral reefs, mangroves and seagrasses: a sourcebook for managers. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville (Australia). 2001 Australia Field Study & Monitoring Climate; Dredging, Draining, & Filling; Finfish Harvest; Forestry; Invasive Species; Mangroves; Marine Protected Areas; Seagrasses; Sediment; Tourism & Recreation
Maragos, J. E. 2000. Hawaiian Islands (U.S.A.). Seas at the millennium - an environmental evaluation - Volume 2 791-812. 2000 US Pacific & Hawaii Field Study & Monitoring Agriculture; Anchoring & Vessel Grounding; Apex Fish Predators; Aquaculture; Aquarium & Pet Trade; Aquarium Stock; Beaches & Nature Parks; Boating Activities; Boating Regulations; Dredging Regulations; Dredging, Draining, & Filling; Environmental Education & Outreach; Environmental Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Finfish Harvest; Fish; Fishing Sector; Golf Course Operations; Hotel & Food Services; Invasive Species; Marine Birds; Marine Debris; Marine Protected Areas; Military; Pathogens; Recreational Fishing; Scientific Research; Sea Turtles; Sediment; Special Use Permitting; Storms & Hurricanes; Tourism & Recreation; Trawling & Fishing Gear Damage; Waterborne Discharges; Wetlands
Noss, R. F. 2000. High-risk ecosystems as foci for considering biodiversity and ecological integrity in ecological risk assessments. Environmental Science and Policy 3:321-332. 2000 Review Complex Habitat & Resources; Invasive Species
Rao, D. V. S. and F. Al-Yamani. 2000. The Arabian Gulf. Seas at the millennium - an environmental evaluation - Volume 2 16-Jan. 2000 Indian Ocean; India Dam Construction & Maintenance; Fish; Invasive Species; Natural Gas & Electric Power; Nutrients; Plankton; Scientific Research; Surface & Groundwater Flow
Walker, D. I. 2000. The Western Australian region. Seas at the millennium - an environmental evaluation - Volume 2 691-704. 2000 Australia Invasive Species; Mangroves; Marine Protected Areas; Seagrasses
Haynes, J. M., T. W. Stewart, and G. E. Cook. 1999. Benthic macroinvertebrate communities in southwestern Lake Ontario following invasion of Dreissena: Continuing change. Journal of Great Lakes Research 25:828-838. 1999 Field Study & Monitoring Artificial Habitat; Biological Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Environmental Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Invasive Species; Invertebrates
Smith, C. M. and L. J. Walters. 1999. Fragmentation as a strategy for Caulerpa species: Fates of fragments and implications for management of an invasive weed. Marine Ecology 20:307-319. 1999 Field Study & Monitoring Algae; Aquaculture; Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species; Seagrasses
Stiger, V. and C. E. Payri. 1999. Spatial and seasonal variations in the biological characteristics of two invasive brown algae, turbinaria ornata (turner) j. agardh and sargassum mangarevense (grunow) setchell (sargassaceae, fucales) spreading on the reefs of tahiti (french polynesia). Botanica Marina 42:295-306. 1999 Algae; Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species
Mckinney M.L. 1998. Is marine biodiversity at less risk? Evidence and implications. Diversity and Distributions 4:3-8. 1998 Invasive Species
Davis, A. R., D. E. Roberts, and S. P. Cummins. 1997. Rapid invasion of a sponge-dominated deep-reef by Caulerpa scalpelliformis (Chlorophyta) in Botany Bay, New South Wales. Austral Ecology 22:146-150. 1997 Model Complex Habitat & Resources; Fleshy Macroalgae; Invasive Species; Invertebrates; Sponges
Fukuda, T. 1996. What does the red-tiled roof mean? The conservation movement in the historic district of Taketomi Island, Okinawa. Geographical Review of Japan, Series A 69:727-743. 1996 Japan Building & Home Construction; Cultural Protections; Housing; Invasive Species; Landscape Conservation & Restoration; Landscaping & Household Services; Military; Tourism & Recreation
Smith, J. M. B. 1996. Notes on coral-trees (Erythrina) in Australia with particular reference to E. crista-galli L. in New South Wales. Australian Geographical Studies 34:225-236. 1996 South & Central America; Australia Aquarium & Pet Trade; Aquarium Stock; Beaches & Nature Parks; Invasive Species
Zann, L. P. 1996. The state of the Marine Environment Report for Australia (SOMER): Process, findings and perspectives. Ocean and Coastal Management 33:63-86. 1996 Global; Australia Invasive Species; Littering; Mangroves; Nutrients; Seagrasses; Seastars; Sediment; Snails & Conch; Trawling & Fishing Gear Damage
Fookes, E. 1995. Development and eustatic control of an Upper Jurassic reef complex (Saint Germain-de-Joux, Eastern France). Facies 33:129-149. 1995 France Invasive Species; Sediment; Skeletal Coral; Storms & Hurricanes
Matthews, W. S., A. E. van Wyk, and G. J. Bredenkamp. 1993. Endemic flora of the north-eastern Transvaal Escarpment, South Africa. Biological Conservation 63:83-94. 1993 South Africa Forestry; Invasive Species; Landscape Conservation & Restoration; Substrate
Fosberg, F. R. 1992. Vegetation of the Society Islands. Pacific Science 46:232-250. 1992 US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia; Europe Forestry; Invasive Species; Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics
Lubbock, H. R. and N. V. C. Polunin. 1975. Conservation and the tropical marine aquarium trade. Environmental Conservation 2:229-232. 1975 South & Central America; Florida; US Pacific & Hawaii; Australia; Kenya; Mauritius; Sri Lanka; Thailand; Saudi Arabia; Japan; Indonesia; Philippines; Taiwan; Caribbean; France; Germany Aquarium & Pet Trade; Aquarium Stock; Complex Habitat & Resources; Invasive Species

Management Options

Management Option Description Sources Database Topics
Fishing & Harvesting Management: Research Low-impact Fishing Gear & Methods Facilitating research to develop gear designs and fishing methods that minimize impacts is multifaceted. Ideal fishing gear is selective for the target species and sizes, with negligible direct or indirect impact on non-target species, sizes and habitats; but also efficient, giving quality, high catches at the lowest possible cost. Newly developed low-impact gear allows fishermen to fulfill their needs, providing food and income, while lessening the unintended environmental impact of those activities, like by-catch. Before an agency should promote new fishing gear or methods research is important to ensure there are no un-intended environmental tradeoffs. Biodegradable fishing line, modified traps, and buoy lines are examples of gear types that could be studied. NOAA Marine Sanctuary Program. 2007. Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary revised management plan. National Ocean Service, Key West, FL.

Seas At Risk. 2009. Moving Towards Low Impact Fisheries In Europe Policy Hurdles & Actions.

Accidental & Illegal Harvest; Anchoring & Vessel Grounding; Artisanal Fishing; Biological Harvest; Boat Movement; Commercial Fisheries; Contact Uses; Finfish & Shellfish Stock; Finfish Harvest; Fish; Fishing & Harvesting Management; Fishing Sector; Improved Technology; Invasive Species; Invertebrate Harvest; Live Collection; Marine Debris; Physical Damage; Recreational Fishing; Reef Habitat; Resource Use Management; Trawling & Fishing Gear Damage
Marine Zoning: Utilize Marine Protected Areas for Research and Monitoring Research and monitoring of marine protected areas determine the degree to which the zones meet goals and objectives for protecting natural resources, as well as human-use patterns, attitudes and compliance. Once data is gathered from within the protected zone it can than be compared to comprable data from outside the protected zone, as a control. It is necessary to compile and review data on use patterns to determine where additional Special-Use Areas would be appropriate. Research in the protected area should be non-invasive. It is important to make the protected area available for external research as well. NOAA Marine Sanctuary Program. 2007. Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary revised management plan. National Ocean Service, Key West, FL.

Biological Harvest; Biological Monitoring & Restoration; Biological Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Collaboration & Partnering; Contact Uses; Decision Support; Designated Uses; Discharges; Ecosystem Monitoring & Restoration; Educational & Research Opportunities; Environmental Monitoring & Restoration; Fish; Invasive Species; Invertebrates; Landscape Changes; Marine Protected Areas; Marine Vertebrates; Permitting & Zoning; Physical Damage; Resource Use Management; Special Use Permitting; Wetlands
Monitor & Research: Research and Monitor Wetlands This management option involves monitoring and research of mangroves, both for biotic and abiotic factors. Some biotic factors include disease, species, invasive species, abundance, age and leaf litter. Important abiotic factors include sedimentation rates, types and causes of turbidity, and soil chemistry. The activity would document changes to the extent of mangrove vegetation by using historical aerial photography and other records. Wetland nutrient and contaminant processing productivity depends on maintaining a balance and not exceeding thresholds. There remain many unknowns in wetland restoration as to optimal capacity and how to achieve this. NOAA Marine Sanctuary Program. 2007. Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary revised management plan. National Ocean Service, Key West, FL.

Biological Monitoring & Restoration; Biological Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Carbon Storage & Cycling; Chemical Variables; Climate Regulation; Complex Habitat & Resources; Deforestation & Devegetation; Discharges; Ecosystem Monitoring & Restoration; Educational & Research Opportunities; Environmental Monitoring & Restoration; Environmental Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Invasive Species; Mangroves; Nutrient & Contaminant Processing; Nutrients; Physical & Chemical Water Quality Criteria; Physical Variables; Primary Production; Regulating Services; Scientific Research; Seawater Flow; Sediment; Shoreline Protection; Substrate; Supporting Services; Surface & Groundwater Flow; Wetland & Reef Restoration; Wetlands
Monitor & Research: Biological Status and Trends Monitoring This activity produces long-term comprehensive information on sanctuary-wide status and trends of biological resources. Data that could be collected on coral reef communities includes but is not limited to species abundance and density, biodiversity, benthic cover, coral condition, growth, recruitment, predation, and grazing. Mangroves and seagrasses should also be monitored. With adequate baseline data, changes in community structure and biocriteria can be identified and restoration or protection efforts can be taken. NOAA Marine Sanctuary Program. 2007. Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary revised management plan. National Ocean Service, Key West, FL.

Algae; Anemones & Zooanthids; Apex Fish Predators; Aquaculture; Aquarium Stock; Biochemical & Genetic Resources; Biocriteria; Biological Harvest; Biological Monitoring & Restoration; Biological Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Bivalves; Calcareous Macroalgae; Contact Uses; Coral; Coralline Algae; Cyanobacteria; Decision Support; Echinoderms; Ecosystem Monitoring & Restoration; Finfish & Shellfish Stock; Fish; Fishing Sector; Food & Energy Policies; Hydrocoral; Invasive Species; Invertebrates; Large Herbivorous Fish; Lobster, Crab, & Shrimp; Mangroves; Marine Birds; Marine Products; Marine Vertebrates; Marine Worms; Microorganisms; Molluscs; Octocoral; Octopus & Squid; Ornamental Jewelry & Art; Pathogens; Pharmaceuticals & Cosmetics Sources; Physical Damage; Primary Production; Provisioning Services; Resource Use Management; Sea Turtles; Sea Urchins; Seagrasses; Seastars; Skeletal Coral; Small Herbivorous Fish; Snails & Conch; Sponges; Stony Coral; Tunicates; Wetlands; Whales & Dolphins
Regulatory Review and Development: Evaluate Exotic Species Regulations The release of exotic species is already prohibited in many areas. Often these regulations do not consider exotic species released in ballast water. Regulations on discharge of ship ballast water containing exotic or non-indigenous species is therefore an area for regulatory improvement. NOAA Marine Sanctuary Program. 2007. Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary revised management plan. National Ocean Service, Key West, FL.

Ballast Discharge; Biocriteria; Biological Addition; Boating Regulations; Discharge Limitations; Escape & Release of Non-natives; Invasive Species; Point & Mobile Source Controls; Point Source Discharges; Transportation Policies; Water Transportation; Waterborne Discharges
Regulatory Review and Development: Evaluate Aquaculture/Mariculture Regulations This will help determine if there is a need to establish mariculture operations regulations and proceed accordingly. This would help satisfy the commercial demand for fish while taking pressure off of the wild species. Such regulations should consider where, when and what species of mariculture are allowable. The environmental impact mariculture has can vary depending on current, depth and distance to land, making location and even season important. The species being cultured is also an important consideration, especially if they are non-native or different genetically from the local natural population as escapes may occur. NOAA Marine Sanctuary Program. 2007. Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary revised management plan. National Ocean Service, Key West, FL.

NEPA. 1998. MARICULTURE DRAFT POLICY AND REGULATION NATURAL RESOURCES CONSERVATION AUTHORITY COASTAL ZONE MANAGEMENT DIVISION. National Environment & Planning agency.

Agriculture, Aquaculture, & Forestry Policies; Aquaculture; Biological Addition; Biological Harvest; Commercial Fisheries; Contact Uses; Designated Uses; Domestic Animal Waste; Escape & Release of Non-natives; Food & Energy Policies; Food & Raw Materials; Invasive Species; Resource Use Management; Supplemental Feeding
Resource Use Management: Prevent Introduction of Invasive Species Preventing the introduction of invasive species involves public awareness of the invasive species, minimizing modes and prone areas for invasion, and detecting small populations for early eradication. Some common modes of terrestrial transportation include livestock and domestic animals, mowing equipment, and firewood. Clean equipment before transport to a new location. Remove soil from plants, and plant bare-root. Use high grade seed and weed free livestock feeds. Reduce opportunities for invasive plants by keeping native plant populations strong and healthy and seeding in cover crops to reduce barren soil. Agriculture, Aquaculture, & Forestry Policies; Aquarium & Pet Trade; Ballast Discharge; Biological Addition; Construction Codes & Projects; Discharge Limitations; Environmental Education & Outreach; Escape & Release of Non-natives; Invasive Species; Landscape Conservation & Restoration; Landscaping & Household Services; Manufacturing & Trade; Transportation; Water Transportation
Restoration: Removal of Invasive Algae Benthic organisms on reefs maintain a delicate balance competing for space. In many areas, the competition between coral and algae has fallen out of balance due to confounding factors. Factors such as decreased herbivorous fish and invertebrates, and invasive algae species have allowed faster growing algae to take over many reefs, often growing into smothering mats that cover and kill coral. In Hawaii, there has been some success physically removing invasive algae such as Kappaphycus using underwater vacuums extended down from barges or volunteer events in shallower areas. The Nature Conservancy. 2010.Two Million Pounds of Invasive Algae Removed From Maunalua Bay.

(not cited)

Algae; Aquaculture; Biological Addition; Biological Harvest; Biological Monitoring & Restoration; Biological Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Calcareous Macroalgae; Collaboration & Partnering; Coral; Coralline Algae; Decision Support; Ecosystem Monitoring & Restoration; Escape & Release of Non-natives; Fishing & Harvesting Management; Fishing Sector; Fleshy Macroalgae; Hydrocoral; Invasive Species; Large Herbivorous Fish; Octocoral; Reef Habitat; Skeletal Coral; Small Herbivorous Fish; Stony Coral; Turf Algae; Wetland & Reef Restoration; Zooxanthellae
Restoration: Beach Vegatation Restoration Natural beaches are often host to important costal dune ecosystems. Due to tourism, much of the vegetation that comprises these dune ecosystems may be compromised. The natural vegetation provides an important ecosystem service, with roots providing deep stabilization against physical damage and removal of that sand. Without such vegetation sand and dunes can be completely washed away during hurricanes and other surge events. The dunes themselves offer some protection to nearby inland infrastructure during these same storm events. When the beach past the dunes is for public access it is beneficial to build raised walk-overs over the dune vegetation. This prevents trampling, which leads to dune blowouts. Natural Resources Conservation Service, editor. 2007. Native Plants for Coastal Dune Restoration: What, When, and How for Florida. US Department of Agriculture.

Beaches & Nature Parks; Biological Monitoring & Restoration; Culture; Deforestation & Devegetation; Ditching & Soil Disturbance; Ecosystem Monitoring & Restoration; Invasive Species; Landscape Changes; Landscape Conservation & Restoration; Landuse Management; Physical Damage; Regulating Services; Storms & Hurricanes; Tourism & Recreation; Trampling
Water Quality Management: Pet Waste Cleanup Ordinance & Education In residential areas, pet waste can contributes to the large amount of nutrients and pathogens that enter the water through stormwater runoff. This is especially useful in regions such as Guánica, Puerto Rico where there are a lot of stray dogs. Education for pet-owners and possible ordinance would help decrease harmful pathogens reaching corals through stormwater runoff and reduce eutrophication. Center for Watershed Protection. 2008. Guanica Bay watershed management plan.

Natural Resources Conservation Service. Animal Waste Collection. Urban BMP's - Water Runoff Management Accessed 3/18/2011.

Clary, J., Leisenring, M., and Jeray, J. 2010. International Stormwater Best Management Practices (BMP) Database. Pollutant Category Summary: Fecal Indicator Bacteria. Wright Water Engineers.

Aquarium & Pet Trade; Biological Addition; Chemical Variables; Cultural Policies; Cultural Services; Culture; Cyanobacteria; Discharge Limitations; Discharges; Domestic Animal Waste; Environmental Education & Outreach; Health; Health Policies; Invasive Species; Landscaping & Household Services; Microorganisms; Nutrients; Pathogens; Shelter; Solid Waste Disposal; Stormwater Management; Waste Management; Waste Management Policies; Water; Water Resources; Water Utilities Policies; Waterborne Discharges

Laws

Legal Citation Purpose of Law Management Organization Database Topics
Exec. Order No. 13112, Invasive Species, 68 Federal Register 6183 (1990). Federal agencies are directed to prevent the introduction of invasive species, detect and rapidly respond to control populations of such species in a cost effective and environmentalyy sound manner, accurately monitor invasive species, provide for restoration of native species and habitat conditions, conduct research to prevent introduction and to control invasive species, and promote public education on invasive species and the means to address them.

Application to Coral Reefs:

Legislative Actions:No enforcement provisions. Federal agencies are encouraged to prevent the introduction, detect and respond to control, monitor, and conduct research of invasives. Secretary of Interior established an "Invasive Species Council" to address invasive species issues.

Comments:
Federal Agencies

Jurisdiction:
United States
Collaboration & Partnering; Designate Protected Species; Environmental Education & Outreach; Environmental Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Escape & Release of Non-natives; Existence Value & Sense of Place; Invasive Species; Political Pressure; Remediation
National Park Service Organic Act of 1916, 16 United States Code § 1. The Act was created to start the National Park Service within the Department of Interior for the purpose of promoting and regulating the use of federal areas such as national parks and monuments.

Application to Coral Reefs:

Legislative Actions:Created the National Park Service to be supervised by a Director.

Comments:
National Park Service

Jurisdiction:
United States
Boating Regulations; Collaboration & Partnering; Construction Codes & Projects; Designated Uses; Environmental Education & Outreach; Environmental Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Fishing & Harvesting Management; Invasive Species; Landuse Management; Marine Protected Areas; Microorganisms; Permitting & Zoning; Political Pressure; Public Administration; Remediation; Resource Use Management; Tourism & Recreation Policies; Transportation Policies
Sikes Act of 1960, 16 United States Code § 670. Promote effectual planning, development, maintenance, and coordination of wildlife, fish, and game conservation and rehabilitation in military reservations.

Application to Coral Reefs:The Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan (INRMP) required by the Sikes Act integrate many different aspects of natural resource management including endangered species, fisheries, wetlands and environmental contaminants. Protection of wetlands and regulation of the discharge of environmental contaminants on military installations can indirectly protect coral reefs by decreasing runoff to nearshore waters.

Legislative Actions:DoD must develop and implement Integrated Natural Resources Management Plans (INRMP) for nearly 380 military installations across the US. The development of the INRMP is a voluntary, cooperative effort between participating agencies.

Comments:The preparation of the INRMP between DoD, USFWS and State FWS ensures proper consideration of fish, wildlife and habitat needs. The amendments also require the control of invasive species, migratory birds, and law enforcement issues.
Department of Defense/Department of Interior (US Fish and Wildlife Service)/State Fish and Wildlife Agencies

Jurisdiction:
US Military Installments
Biological Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Environmental Monitoring, Mapping, & Scientific Research; Finfish & Shellfish Stock; Finfish Harvest; Invasive Species; Marine Birds; Non-point Source Controls; Point & Mobile Source Controls; Public Administration; Resource Use Management; Waste Management Policies; Wetlands

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