Tagatz, M.E., N.R. Gregory and G.R. Plaia. 1982. Effects of Chlorpyrifos on Field- and Laboratory-Developed Estuarine Benthic Communities. EPA-600/J-82-151. J. Toxicol. Environ. Health. 10(3):411-421. (ERL,GB 436). (Avail. from NTIS, Springfield, VA: PB83-140756)
Macrobenthic animal communities, developed in sand-filled aquaria in the laboratory and in the field, were exposed to various concentrations of the insecticide, chlorpyrifos, and effects on community structure assessed. Laboratory communities were continuously exposed to the toxicant for eight weeks during colonization by planktonic larvae in unfiltered Santa Rosa Sound, Florida, seawater. Field communities developed for eight weeks in aquaria placed in Santa Rosa Sound and then removed to the laboratory for exposure to chlorpyrifos for one week. Abundance of arthropods was significantly diminished (a=0.05) by measured concentrations of chlorpyrifos which is greater than or equal to 0.1 µg/l in water in laboratory communities and by 5.9 µg/l in water in field communities. Numbers of annelids and chordates in contaminated aquaria were not reduced by the highest concentrations of chlorpyrifos tested, 8.5 µg/l in laboratory-colonized aquaria and 5.9 µg/l in field-colonized aquaria. One species of annelid, Cistenides gouldii, was more abundant in field aquaria receiving 1.0 µg/l or 5.9 µg/l than in the control and lowest concentration. Molluscan larvae colonizing laboratory aquaria were sensitive to >or = 0.1 µg/ l; however, later developmental stages characterizing field aquaria were not sensitive to less than or equal to 5.9 µg/l. Although only 20 of 78 animals species appeared in both laboratory and field communities, sensitivity of animals in these tests and in single species tests could be compared.