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Contaminated Sediments Program

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Moving Mud - Remediating Great Lakes Contaminated Sediments 

APPENDIX

#1 - ASHTABULA RIVER REMEDIATION PROJECT
(FY1996 - IAG - DW96947775-01-0)
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Contact: Brian Troyer, Project Manager
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, CENB-PP-PM
Buffalo District
1776 Niagara Street
Buffalo, NY 14207-3199
Tel:  (716) 879-4316
Fax: (716) 879-4355

Technical Contact: Steve Golyski, Technical Manager
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, CENCB-PE-PT
Buffalo District
1776 Niagara Street
Buffalo, NY 14207-3199
Tel:  (716) 879-4228
Fax: (716) 879-4355

Award Amount: FY1996 - $500,000 ($250,000 each from GLNPO and Region 5 Water Division)
Dollars Leveraged: $500,000 through Ashtabula River Partnership
Project Timetable: October 1, 1996 - September 30, 1999
GLNPO Project Officer: Callie Bolattino
Project Location: Ashtabula, Ohio
Partners: Ashtabula River Partnership, Ohio EPA

Narrative: The Ashtabula River and Fields Brook have been contaminated with PCBs, PAHs, VOCs and heavy metals. The Ashtabula River Partnership (ARP), comprised of private citizens and groups, government officials, and business and industry leaders, was formed to explore the effective remediation of the contaminated sediments in the Ashtabula River and Harbor. The goal of the ARP is to look beyond traditional approaches in order to determine a comprehensive solution for remediation of the contaminated sediments not suitable for open lake disposal.

This project will involve the development of a detailed design for an upland disposal facility for dredged contaminated sediments classified as TSCA and non-TSCA in conformance with the Comprehensive Management Plan and Environmental Impact Statement in order to obtain the Ashtabula River Partnership goal for complete sediment remediation.

Status: ongoing

Environmental Results/Products: Successful remediation of the Ashtabula River and Harbor will ultimately enhance ecological restoration and economic development opportunities in Ashtabula County.

#2 - CLINTON RIVER, MICHIGAN SEDIMENT ASSESSMENT
(FY1994 - IAG - DW96947710-01-0)
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Contact: Jim Galloway
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
ATTN: CENCE-EP-E
P.O. Box 1027
Detroit, MI 48231
Tel:  (313) 226-6760
Fax: (313) 226-7095

Award Amount: FY1994 - $159, 304 (IAG total $221, 000 for Clinton River and Muskegon/White Lakes (projects #16/#33) combined)
Project Timetable: September 1, 1994 - September 30, 1995
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman (312) 353-1369
Project Location: Clinton River watershed, Oakland and Macomb Counties, southeast Michigan
Partners: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Narrative: The Clinton River drainage encompasses 1968 km2 in southeast Michigan, primarily in Oakland and Macomb Counties. Contaminated sediments in the Clinton River have contributed to its designation as both a Great Lakes Area of Concern and a Michigan Act 307 site. Sedimentation has been documented as a serious problem throughout the watershed as a result of both agriculture and urban/suburban development, but little is known about contaminants associated with these sediments.

The project has two objectives:

This study will be used to determine potential "hot spots", and will provide data to prioritize these zones and aid in designing benthic community and further sediment characterization studies over the next three to five years.

Status: closed out

Data Results: The lower river, from Mt. Clemens to the river mouth at Lake St. Clair, was the most contaminated area of the study. The highest observed concentrations of several heavy metals, including Cr (340 mg/kg), Ni (162 mg/kg), and Zn (761 mg/kg), and an elevated concentration of Pb (233 mg/kg), occurred in this area. PCB concentrations were also highest in this area, with recorded levels of 8.52 mg/kg and 3.4 mg/kg. Three sites in the area had PAH concentrations above 195 mg/kg, the highest level being almost 280 mg/kg. Concentrations throughout the upper watershed were generally not elevated, although Big Beaver Creek had an elevated PAH concentration (248 mg/kg) and a site in Pontiac had the highest observed Pb concentration, 320 mg/kg.

Environmental Results/Products: This study provided information being used in a fiscal year 1995 study (project #3) designed to better delineate contaminant areas and determine any sites which require immediate or future remediation.

#3 - CLINTON RIVER, MICHIGAN SEDIMENT SUPPORT
(FY1995 - IAG - DW96947740-01-0)
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Contact: Jim Galloway
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
ATTN: CENCE-EP-E
P.O. Box 1027
Detroit, MI 48231
Tel:  (313) 226-6760
Fax: (313) 226-7095

Award Amount: FY1995 - $150,000 (IAG total $225,000, for Clinton River and Trenton Channel (project #27) combined)
Project Timetable: July 31, 1995 - December 31, 1996
GLNPO Project Officer: Callie Bolattino
Project Location: Clinton River, Michigan
Partners: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality, Clinton River PAC

Narrative: Contaminated sediments in the Clinton River have contributed to its designation as both a Great Lakes Area of Concern and a Michigan Act 307 site. A FY 1994 IAG (project #2) served as a preliminary assessment of sediments throughout the Clinton River watershed.

The goal of this FY 1995 IAG is to conduct comprehensive assessments of sediments within specific areas of the river in order to further define locations of extensive contamination.

There are three main objectives:

Status: ongoing

Data Results: Several sites along the lower river, below Mt. Clemens, had elevated heavy metal concentrations. The highest concentrations, all in mg/kg, included the following: cadmium, 28; chromium, 400; lead, 400; nickel, 190; and zinc, 940. The highest PAH concentrations occurred in the upper river watershed, including levels of 342 mg/kg at a site near Auburn Heights and a concentration of 113 mg/kg near Moravian Road.

Environmental Results/Products: The project will provide detailed site information which will enable the formulation of remediation decisions.

#4 - COSTS AND BENEFITS OF CLEANING UP GREAT LAKES SEDIMENT IN AREAS OF CONCERN
(FY1995 - GL985062-01-0)
University of Wisconsin

Contact: Phil Keillor
U.W. Sea Grant College Program
University of Wisconsin-Madison
1800 University Avenue
Madison, WI 53705-4094
Tel:  (608) 263-5133
Fax: (608) 263-2063

Award Amount: FY1995 - $61,463
Dollars Leveraged: $296,000 ($232,000 from Great Lakes Protection Fund and $64,000 from U.W. Sea Grant)
Project Timetable: May 1, 1995 - December 31, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman 312-353-1369
Project Location: Great Lakes Basin
Partners: Great Lakes Protection Fund, University of Wisconsin Sea Grant, University of Wisconsin Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Narrative: In order to build upon USEPA-ARCS and Environment Canada's demonstration program results, more information and tools are needed to estimate the benefits and costs of cleaning up contaminated sediments.

The goal of this project is the presentation of a decision framework with tools and training that can be used by Remedial Action Plan (RAP) developers for making sediment remediation choices in Great Lakes Areas of Concern (AOCs).

Specific project objectives include:

Status: ongoing

Environmental Results/Products: A framework of methodologies for estimating benefits and costs of remediation options will be introduced to decision-makers and those who influence decisions regarding sediment remediation.

#5 - SURVEY OF SEDIMENT QUALITY IN THE DULUTH/SUPERIOR HARBOR (DULUTH PHASE I)
(FY1993 - GL995383-01-0)
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

Contact: Judy Crane
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
Water Quality Division
520 Lafayette Rd. N.
St. Paul, MN 55155-4194
Tel:  (612) 297-4068
Fax: (612) 297-8683

Award Amount: FY1993 - $217,500
Project Timetable: October 1, 1993 - September 30, 1995
GLNPO Project Officer: Callie Bolattino
Project Location: St. Louis River Area of Concern, Duluth/Superior Harbor (Duluth, MN/Superior, WI)
Partners: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Sediment Contamination Workgroup of the St. Louis River RAP

Narrative: The project was designed to fulfill the critical need for a sediment survey of the St. Louis River estuary, including the Duluth/Superior Harbor. Certain sediments within the AOC were known to contain elevated concentrations of PCBs, PAHs, and heavy metals. However, the distribution and historical record of contaminants and potential toxicity of the contaminated sediments was poorly understood. Most historic data were collected near shipping channels to support dredging operations. In addition, most data were outdated due to higher detection limits and less stringent quality assurance/quality control.

The project goal was to define general areas within the AOC where sediment contamination and toxicity appeared to be elevated. The estuary contains several known or suspected areas of high sediment contamination. The project, by simultaneously analyzing areas known to be contaminated, as well as unknown sites, was intended to provide a consistent framework for prioritizing remedial sediment activities within the AOC. At each of 40 sites, sediment cores were collected for chemical analyses, and sediment toxicity tests were conducted on surficial Ponar samples.

Status: closed out

Data Results: The highest concentrations of PAHs, heavy metals, and 2,3,7,8-TCDD were found in sediments near the USX Superfund site. Elevated levels of PAHs and metals were also located near the discharge from the Western Lake Superior Sanitary District (WLSSD). The highest levels of PCBs occurred near the WLSSD discharge; elevated levels were also found at USX and at two slips in the outer harbor. Most contaminant concentrations followed an approximately chi-square distribution (i.e., there were many samples with low-end concentrations and relatively few samples with elevated levels). This was especially true for lead and zinc. Seven sites were toxic in the Microtox test, whereas 21 sites were mutagenic to the bacterium, Photobacterium phosphorum. Three sites were acutely toxic to the midge, Chironomus tentans, including the Unnamed Creek outfall at USX.

Environmental Results/Products: This project was an integral part of a continuing effort to assess sediment contamination and toxicity in the St. Louis River AOC. Information collected was essential in planning for Phase II (project #6) of the study. This survey highlighted areas within the Duluth/Superior Harbor that had elevated levels of sediment contamination and/or toxicity (hot spots) and suggested contaminants and endpoints of concern for each site. A final report, "Survey of Sediment Quality in the Duluth/Superior Harbor: 1993 Sampling Results", will be made available to the public in early 1997.

#6 - SEDIMENT ASSESSMENT OF HOTSPOT AREAS IN THE DULUTH/SUPERIOR HARBOR (DULUTH PHASE II)
(FY1994 - GL995636-01-0)
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

Contact: Judy Crane
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
Water Quality Division
520 Lafayette Rd. N.
St. Paul, MN 55155-4194
Tel:  (612) 297-4068
Fax: (612) 297-8683 FAX

Award Amount: FY1994 - $310,500 (St. Louis River sediment portion of MPCA cluster grant)
Project Timetable: August 26, 1994 - September 30, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Callie Bolattino
Project Location: St. Louis River Area of Concern, Duluth/Superior Harbor (Duluth, MN/Superior, WI)
Partners: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Sediment Contamination Workgroup of the St. Louis River RAP

Narrative: This study is Phase II of the St. Louis River Sediment Assessment. The 40 sites surveyed during Phase I in 1993 (project #5) were evaluated according to the degree of contamination and toxicity observed. Eight locales were selected as hotspots, and Kimball's Bay was selected as a clean reference site. The USX and Interlake/Duluth Tar Superfund sites, as well as Hog Island Inlet, were excluded from the survey due to separate investigations at these sites.

The goal is to perform a detailed sediment assessment at sites identified as toxic and/or contaminated in the 1993 survey in the Duluth/Superior Harbor and St. Louis River and, as a result of the assessment, to develop a sediment management plan for these sites. Contaminants of concern and their measurement were tailored to each site.

The objectives are to:

Status: ongoing

Data Results: The highest normalized PAH profile concentrations were found at Minnesota Slip, followed by Slip C, and the vicinity of the Western Lake Superior Sanitary District (WLSSD). The highest mercury concentration (3.9 mg/kg) was observed at a WLSSD site, and overall, the area surrounding WLSSD had the most widespread mercury contamination. The highest levels of simultaneously extractable metals (SEM), when normalized for Acid Volatile Sulfides (AVS), were found at Howard's Bay; lead was particularly high at this site.

Four samples from three different sites were acutely toxic to the amphipod, Hyalella azteca. Two samples from different sites were acutely toxic to the midge, Chironomus tentans. For 42% of the samples tested, the C. tentans results were inconclusive due to poor control survival.

The benthological community structure was dominated by tubificid oligochaetes, chironomids, and the polychaete Manayunkia speciosa (at selected sites). The highest mean abundance recorded for oligochaetes was at Minnesota Slip. Mean values of total abundance and taxa richness were low at Kimball's Bay, indicating that this site was not a suitable control site. Mouthpart deformities in chironomid larvae were recorded at six sites, four of whichwere in the vicinity of WLSSD.

Integration of the sediment chemistry, toxicity data, and benthological community structure data are pending.

Environmental Results/Products: This survey will provide the detailed assessments required to make decisions about contaminated sediment management. Results will be used to target sites for sediment management activities, such as site remediation or point/nonpoint source contaminant controls. A report, Sediment Assessment of Hotspot Areas in the Duluth/Superior Harbor, will be available to the public in 1997.

#7 - EASTERN LAKE ONTARIO DRAINAGE BASIN SEDIMENT STUDY
(FY1995 - GL985137-01-0)
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation

Contact: Bruce Garabedian
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
50 Wolf Road, Room 305
Albany, NY 12233-3502
Tel:  (518) 457-0729
Fax: (518) 485-7786

Award Amount: FY1995 - $314,004
Project Timetable: September 25, 1995 - September 24, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Debbie Siebers
Project Location: Eastern Lake Ontario drainage basin, including Black River

Narrative: Previous studies have indicated that the Black River is the top contributor of PCBs to Lake Ontario. Elevated levels of total PCB's and heavy metals, including mercury, cadmium, and lead, have been reported in water column and sediment samples from the Black River and its tributaries. However, comprehensive sediment data for the study area is not currently available.

The goal of the study is to evaluate sediments in the Eastern Lake Ontario drainage basin. Emphasis will be placed on validation of suspect data included on the National Sediment Inventory and the study of contaminated sediment deposits identified as impacting water quality by the NYSDEC Priority Water Problem (PWP) list.

Study objectives are:

Status: ongoing

Data Results: Should be available in 1997 (sampling started in late 1996; will be completed in late spring or early summer, 1997)

Environmental Results/Products: The study will provide information on levels of contamination and toxicity of bottom sediments in selected Eastern Lake Ontario tributaries.

#8 - DESIGN OF A SEDIMENT TREATMENT PLANT AT ERIE PIER CONFINED DISPOSAL
FACILITY (CDF) (FY1995 - GL985132-01-0)
University of Minnesota - Duluth

Contact: R.L. Bleifuss
Assistant Director - Minerals
University of Minnesota - Duluth Campus
Natural Resources Research Institute
P.O. Box 188
1 Gayley Avenue
Coleraine, MN 55722
Tel:  (218) 245-4201
Fax: (218) 245-4219

Technical Contact: Chuying Wu
Research Fellow
University of Minnesota - Duluth Campus
Natural Resources Research Institute
P.O. Box 188
1 Gayley Avenue
Coleraine, MN 55722
Tel:  (218) 245-4201
Fax: (218) 245-4219

Award Amount: FY1995 - $92,000
Project Timetable: October 1, 1995 - December 31, 1996
GLNPO Project Officer: Callie Bolattino
Project Location: St. Louis River Area of Concern, Duluth/Superior Harbor (Duluth, MN/Superior, WI)
Partners: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Detroit District

Narrative: The project will provide the necessary information for the design of a facility to treat dredge material produced and prolong the life of the Erie Pier Confined Disposal Facility (CDF). The CDF is nearing its capacity and additional space is required for storage of dredge materials either by construction of a new facility or by extending the life of the one currently in use.

Project objectives include:

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Incoming

Environmental Results/Products: Economic savings from increased capacity of existing confined disposal facility.

#9 - SURVEY OF Hg IN SEDIMENT CONTAMINATION - LOWER ST. LOUIS RIVER RESERVOIRS: FOND du LAC PHASE I (FY1993 - GL995478-01-0)
Fond du Lac Tribe

Contacts: Larry Schwarzkopf, Principal Investigator
Fred Vande Venter, Aquatic Scientist
Fond du Lac Natural Resources Program
105 University Road
Cloquet, MN 55720
Tel:  (218) 879-1759
Fax: (218) 879-4146

Award Amount: FY1993 - $70,000
Project Timetable: October 1, 1993 - September 30, 1995
GLNPO Project Officer: Callie Bolattino
Project Location: St. Louis River system reservoirs, Duluth region, Minnesota
Partners: University of Minnesota-Duluth, University of Wisconsin-Superior

Narrative: The St. Louis River, the largest U.S. tributary to Lake Superior, has been identified by the IJC as an Area of Concern, in part due to the presence of toxic contaminants in fish tissue and negative impacts on the benthic community. Mercury (Hg) levels in walleye are elevated at various locations along the lower St. Louis River, with the highest values occuring near and within six small reservoirs. As a result of past industrial practices and discharges, the sediments have accumulated contaminants, including Hg, behind the reservoir dams. A preliminary survey of Hg concentrations as a function of depth in cores from three reservoirs showed a significant peak in Hg levels in some strata. Results of a study on mercury in fish along the lower St. Louis River have demonstrated the likelihood that sediments in the lower river reservoirs may influence mercury residues in fish.

This project was a follow up to a preliminary sediment survey of the lower St. Louis River reservoirs. The goal was to conduct a more detailed study to assess sediment mercury contamination and its importance in bioaccumulation, resuspension, and transport. Investigations consisted of two components: 1) a mercury-in-sediment cores survey; and 2) a mercury-in-benthos survey that included measuring mercury in the corresponding surface sediments.

Status: closed out

Data Results: Thirty samples had mercury concentrations above 1.3 ug/g (ppm). Two of the three highest concentrations were from Scanlon Reservoir (2.5 and 3.4 ug/g). Elevated concentrations were also observed in Knife Falls Reservoir (2.2 ug/g) and in 2 samples from Forbay Reservoir (1.9 ug/g). The most widespread contamination appears to be in Thompson Reservoir, where 5 of the 10 highest concentrations, including 2.6 ug/g and 2.2 ug/g, were found. Also, 21 of the 30 samples with concentrations above 1.3 ug/g were from 14 cores taken from Thompson Reservoir.

Environmental Results/Products: The information on mercury contamination in these reservoirs has been very useful in showing the need for mitigating those areas where high levels of this contaminant are at or near the surface. Current research to develop practical mercury mitigation technology is using some of the knowledge gained in this study. A project report, Assessment of Mercury Contamination in the Sediments of Six Reservoirs on the Lower St. Louis River, Minnesota, has been published and is available.

#10 - MITIGATION OF SEDIMENT CONTAMINATION IN RESERVOIRS ON THE LOWER ST. LOUIS RIVER : FOND du LAC PHASE II (FY1995 - GL985025-01-0)
Fond du Lac Tribe

Contacts: Larry Schwarzkopf, Principal Investigator
Fred Vande Venter, Aquatic Scientist
Fond du Lac Natural Resources Program
105 University Road
Cloquet, MN 55720
Tel:  (218) 879-1759
Fax: (218) 879-4146

Award Amount: FY1995 - $200,000
Project Timetable: October 1, 1995 - September 30, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Callie Bolattino
Project Location: St. Louis River system reservoirs, Duluth region, Minnesota
Partners: University of Minnesota-Duluth, University of Wisconsin-Superior

Narrative: This project is Phase II of the study of mercury sediment contamination in reservoirs along the lower St. Louis River. Phase I (project #9) was a detailed sediment assessment of the reservoirs.

The objectives of Phase II of the study include:

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: data collection began in the fall of 1996 and will continue in 1997

Environmental Results/Products: Information collected will be used to determine the need and locations for sediment remediation.

#11 - DESIGN AND ENGINEERING OF A REMEDIAL OPTION IN THE FOX RIVER
(FY1995 - GL985130-01-0)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Contact: Bob Paulson
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources WT/2
Bureau of Watershed Management
101 S. Webster Street
P.O. Box 7921
Madison, WI 53707-7921
Tel:  (608) 266-7790
Fax: (608) 267-2800

Award Amount: FY1995 - $100,000
Dollars Leveraged: $150,000 from Fox River Coalition (including WDNR)
Project Timetable: September 25, 1995 - September 24, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman (312) 353-1369
Project Location: Lower Fox River, Wisconsin
Partners: Fox River Coalition

Narrative: The Green Bay Mass Balance and Fox River PCB Transport Studies, conducted between 1989 and 1992, indicated that contaminated sediment in the Fox River is the major source of PCBs, approximately 95% of the total load, to Green Bay. At least 85% of the estimated total PCB mass in the river is located downstream of De Pere and will serve as a major long term source of PCBs to Green Bay and Lake Michigan. The Green Bay Mass Balance Study identified 34 contaminated sediment deposits in 32 miles of the Lower Fox River upstream of De Pere.

Two deposits are the focus of remedial investigation and feasibility studies currently underway. Upon completion of these studies, a remediation site and remediation technique will be selected that is consistent with an overall Lower Fox River cleanup strategy. The two deposits under consideration are Deposit POG located in Little Lake Butte des Morts and Deposit N located near Kimberly, WI. Deposit POG is approximately 77 acres containing an estimated 300,000 yd3 of sediment in excess of 50 ppb PCB, and an estimated 720 Kgs of PCB and 81 Kgs of Hg. Deposit N is approximately 3 acres containing an estimated 8,500 yd3 of sediment in excess of 50 ppb PCB, and an estimated 120 Kgs of PCB and 6 Kgs of Hg.

The project objective is to accomplish the final pre-remedial activity including engineering design, plans and specifications and development of bidding documents necessary to remove, treat, and/or isolate a mass of PCB in the Lower Fox River.

Status: Ongoing

Environmental Results/Products: The project will result in a document which the Fox River Coalition and Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources can use to obtain bids for contracting a sediment remediation project.

#12 - ASSESSMENT OF PCBs IN SEDIMENT IN THE LOWER FOX RIVER
(FY1995 - GL985143-01-0)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Contact: Kim Walz
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources - WT/2
Bureau of Water Resources Management
101 S. Webster Street
P.O. Box 7921
Madison, WI 53707-7921
Tel:  (608) 264-9220
Fax: (608) 267-2800

Award Amount: FY1995 - $135,000
Project Timetable: September 1, 1995 - September 30, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman (312) 353-1369
Project Location: Lower Fox River, Wisconsin
Partners: Fox River Coalition

Narrative: The Green Bay Mass Balance and Fox River PCB Transport Studies, conducted between 1989 and 1992, indicated that contaminated sediment in the Fox River is the major source of PCBs, approximately 95% of the total load, to Green Bay. At least 85% of the estimated total PCB mass in the river is located downstream of De Pere and will serve as a major long term source of PCBs to Green Bay and Lake Michigan. Although the above studies provided some information on the PCB distribution in the sediment, more accurate estimates of contaminated sediment volume and PCB mass are required to make sound remediation decisions.

This project has the following objectives:

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: 25 samples had PCB concentrations at or above 30 mg/kg. Two of the three highest concentrations (91 and 400 mg/kg) occurred in a core taken just upstream of the Fort Howard Turning Basin, within three feet of the surface. Other hot spots included dowstream of the Fort Howard Paper Co. intake gate (130 mg/kg), in the Leicht Transfer and Storage boat slip area (90 mg/kg), and sites approximately 0.3 miles upstream of the WI Central RR bridge (57 mg/kg), and approximately 0.4 miles downstream of Ashwaubenon Creek (63 mg/kg). While most contamination occurred in core segments from depths greater than 3 feet, elevated concentrations were observed in surficial samples (10-30 cm depth) from sites just upstream of the Fort Howard Turning Basin (91 mg/kg), offshore of the Brown County Fairgrounds driveway loop (47 mg/kg), and about 0.25 miles downstream of the DePere Dam, near the Voyager Park lock entrance (43 mg/kg). A concentration of 31 mg/kg was found in both the 10-30 and 0-10 cm core segments from a site approximately 0.5 miles upstream of the WI Central RR bridge.

Environmental Results/Products: The information generated will assist in prioritizing sediment sites for remediation.

#13 - ASSESSMENT OF CONTAMINATED SEDIMENTS IN LAKE MICHIGAN AOCs - HAYTON AREA REMEDIATION PROJECT/MANITOWOC
(FY1994 - GL995681-01-0)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Contact: Mark Velluex
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources - WT/2
Bureau of Watershed Management
101 S. Webster Street
Madison, WI 53703
Tel:  (608) 267-5262
Fax: (608) 267-2800

Award Amount: FY1994 - $126,000
Project Timetable: August 1, 1994 - September 30, 1996
GLNPO Project Officer: Debbie Siebers
Project Location: Hayton Area Remediation Project (HARP), Calumet County, Wisconsin

Narrative: Past studies by the USEPA and WDNR identified the presence of PCB contamination in fish, surface waters, and sediments of the Hayton Millpond area in Calumet County, Wisconsin. The project study area, referred to as the Hayton Area Remediation Project (HARP), has been selected by the WDNR as a priority sediment remediation demonstration site.

The project objectives were as follows:

For the remedial investigation the project area, nearly eight stream miles, was divided into four study units, that include one soil area and three sediment units: 1) Upper Pine Creek, Jordan Creek, and Drainage Ditches; 2)Lower Pine Creek and South Branch Manitowoc River; and 3) Hayton Millpond.

Status: Completed; will not be closed out until other 2 projects (#15 and #25) under same grant are also completed.

Data Results: The highest sediment PCB concentrations (804-2300 mg/kg) occurred in the Upper Pine Creek, Jordan Creek, and Drainage Ditches study unit in an area known as the "old ditch". These elevated concentrations indicate that this area is an active source of PCBs to the Millpond. The distribution of contaminants throughout the study area also suggest that contaminants may have initially entered the system through the storm sewer drainage system in the northeast section of the City of New Holstein.

Environmental Results/Products: The results of this project delineate the areal and volumetric extent of sediment contamination in the HARP study area. These results also provided the basic information needed to evaluate human health risks attributable to the contamination as well as information needed to establish site remediation priorities. The Final Remediation Investigation Report for the Hayton Area Remediation Project, Volumes I-III, is available to the public.

#14 - MAUMEE RIVER AOC CONTAMINATED SEDIMENT SURVEY
(FY1994 - GL995648-01-0)
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Tom Balduf
Ohio EPA
Northwest District Office
347 North Dunbridge Road
Bowling Green, OH 43402
Tel:  (419) 373-3023
Fax: (419) 352-8468

Technical Contact: Brent Kuenzli
Ohio EPA
Northwest District Office
347 North Dunbridge Road
Bowling Green, OH 43402
Tel:  (419) 373-3005
Fax: (419) 352-8468

Award Amount: FY1994 - $250,000
Project Timetable: October 1, 1994 - September 30, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Callie Bolattino
Project Location: Maumee River, Ohio
Partners: Maumee RAP Group

Narrative: The Maumee River Area of Concern (MAOC) includes that portion of the lower Maumee River which flows through Lucas County to its confluence with, and including, Maumee Bay and the nearshore waters of Lake Erie from the Ohio-Michigan state line to Crane Creek State Park in Ohio. This study will address the general extent of sediment contamination in depositional areas of the lower reaches of Swan, Duck, and Otter Creeks and the Ottawa River, as well as in the lower Maumee River and selected sites in Maumee Bay.

While other studies have concentrated on surficial sediments from the more upstream reaches of the tributaries of the Maumee River, this study will focus on areas where the most concentrated and widespread deposits of contaminants in the AOC are likely to occur. The primary goal will be to add a significant amount of information to the RAP database.

Objectives to be met include:

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: The highest recorded concentrations, in mg/kg, of several heavy metals were found in Swan Creek: chromium, 829; copper, 508; lead, 841; and zinc, 1150; the highest recorded cadmium concentration (9.6 mg/kg), was found at sites in both Swan Creek and the Maumee River. Elevated levels of heavy metals and PCBs were found at several sites in the Maumee River, where the highest nickel concentration (292 mg/kg) and the highest PCB concentration (348 mg/kg) were found.

Environmental Results/Products: Analysis of the data from this work should help to delineate contamination hot spots and allow for a sediment quality triad evaluation approach. The project activities, which represent a continuation and extension of the effort already begun in the MAOC, will give a much more complete picture of the nature, extent, and severity of sediment contamination in the MAOC. Project data will be published in a report due out in early 1997.

#15 - ASSESSMENT OF CONTAMINATED SEDIMENTS IN LAKE MICHIGAN AOCs - MILWAUKEE ESTUARY SEDIMENT STRATEGY IMPLEMENTATION
(FY1994 - GL995681-01-0)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Contact: Greg Hill
Water Resources Management
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources
101 South Webster Street
Madison, WI 53702
Tel:  (608) 267-9352
Fax: (608) 267-2800

Award Amount: FY1994 - $156,000
Project Timetable: August 1, 1994 - September 30, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman (312) 353-1369
Project Location: Milwaukee River system/estuary

Narrative: Nonpoint sources of toxics to the Milwaukee Estuary are proving to be important. Plans for contaminated sediment cleanup must be integrated with strategies to identify and reduce nonpoint sources of toxic substances. This project is designed to provide additional information on the impact of upstream and urban nonpoint sources on sediment contamination and project the mass balance movement of sediments and contaminants throught the Milwaukee River system. If such sources can be minimized or eliminated, then work can begin on remediating the contaminated sediments themselves.

The project objectives are to:

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Incoming

Environmental Results/Products: The project will ultimately lead to increased emphasis on stormwater control as well as remediation of certain sediment deposits. Reports will be produced on PCB transport in the Milwaukee River and bioaccumulative substances in urban tributaries to the Milwaukee, Menomonee, and Kinnickinnic Rivers. Sediment core data and semi-permeable membrane device data will be incorporated into the Milwaukee sediment GIS database.

#16 - MUSKEGON LAKE SEDIMENT ASSESSMENT
(FY1994 - IAG - DW96947710-01-0)
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Contact: Jim Galloway
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
ATTN: CENCE-EP-E
P.O. Box 1027
Detroit, MI 48231
Tel:  (313) 226-6760
Fax: (313) 226-7095

Award Amount: FY1994 - $61,696 (Muskegon Lake and White Lake (project #33) combined; IAG total $221, 000 for Muskegon/White Lakes and Clinton River (project #2) combined)
Project Timetable: September 1, 1994 - September 30, 1995
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman 312-353-1369
Project Location: Muskegon Lake, Michigan
Partners: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Narrative: Muskegon Lake, located on the east shore of Lake Michigan, has been designated as an AOC due to a number of water quality problems including contaminated sediments and nutrient enrichment. Previous studies have shown that historical municipal and industrial discharges to the lake have resulted in elevated concentrations of many heavy metals. In response to the need for more current data and confirmation of a suspected sediment "hot spot" in Muskegon Lake, a sediment sampling survey was conducted in the vicinity of the Division Street stormsewer discharge.

Project objectives were as follows:

Status: Closed out

Data Results: Elevated heavy metal concentrations were found at many sites, especially near the Hartshorn Marina. This area had the highest recorded concentrations (all in mg/kg) for Cd (52.4), Cu (2660), Pb (741), and Zn (1690). The highest concentrations of As, 86 mg/kg, and Cr, 258 mg/kg, were found north of the stormsewer outfall; for Hg, 13.2 mg/kg, in front of the stormsewer outfall; and Ni, 103 mg/kg, at a site west of the Marina. It is worth noting that in front of the stormsewer outfall the Hg concentration of 13.2 mg/kg exceeded the Effects Range Median (ER-M) value by more than a factor of 10, and the Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn concentrations referred to above exceeded their respective ER-M values by more than a factor of 5.

Environmental Results/Products: This study, by determining the location and extent of contaminant hotspots, provided information which can be used to plan and implement remediation actions.

#17 - NEWTON CREEK SYSTEM SEDIMENT CONTAMINATION SITE CHARACTERIZATION
(FY1993 - GL995443-01-0)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Contact: Kim Walz
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources - WT/2
Bureau of Water Resources Management
101 S. Webster Street, P.O. Box 7921
Madison, WI 53707-7921
Tel:  (608) 264-9220
Fax: (608) 267-2800

Award Amount: FY1993 - $218,300
Project Timetable: October 1, 1993 - September 30, 1995
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman (312) 353-1369
Project Location: Newton Creek system, Superior, Wisconsin

Narrative: The Newton Creek system has been identified as one of five sites in the St. Louis River System Area of Concern that is known to have particularly elevated concentrations of contaminants in sediment. The Newton Creek system includes the surface water environment encompassing Newton Creek Impoundment, Newton Creek, Hog Island Inlet, Superior Bay at the inlet mouth, and all floodplain, overflow areas, and wetlands associated with these water bodies. The focus of this study was on the sediment and floodplain soil of the Newton Creek system.

The primary objective of this study was to characterize the contamination of sediments in the Newton Creek system to support the evaluation of and, if necessary, the preliminary design of sediment remediation in the system.

The 1993 portion of the study concluded that sediments of the Newton Creek system are:

The 1994 portion of the study was designed specifically to:

Status: Closed out

Data Results: Diesel range organic (DRO) concentrations are highest in Newton Creek Impoundment, where they exceed 10,000 g/g at four of five open water sampling locations. The highest concentrations of metals, including lead, chromium, and mercury, are found in Newton Creek Impoundment, some areas of Newton Creek, and in Hog Island Inlet, near either the western portion or near the mouth of Newton Creek.

Environmental Results/Products: The study led to the Site Characterization Report which described prioritization and preliminary design of remedial options. A Feasibility Study Report was completed which included five remedial alternatives. The potential effectiveness of land application, one of the five alternatives, was evaluated in the report Results of Aerobic Biodegradation Screening Treatability Study for the Newton Creek System. Based on the findings of this study, WDNR recommends that areas of Newton Creek Impoundment, Newton Creek, and Hog Island Inlet be considered for remediation. These areas recommended for remediation include a volume of "soft sediment" estimated as 19,900 cubic yards in place.

#18 - NEW YORK ERIE CANAL
(FY1996 - GL985364-01-0)
New York State Canal Corporation

Contact: John Dergosits
New York State Canal Corporation
200 Southern Boulevard
P.O. Box 189
Albany, NY 12201-0189
Tel:  (518) 471-5020
Fax: (518) 471-5023

Award Amount: FY1996 - $120,000
Project Timetable: October 15, 1996 - June 30, 1998
GLNPO Project Officer: Debbie Siebers
Project Location: Erie Canal, New York State
Partners: Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute

Narrative: Data collected by both the New York State Canal Corporation (NYSCC) and the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation (NYSDEC) have shown that sediments within the Erie Canal contain variable levels of contaminants. Additional sediment collection and evaluation is required to define the exact upstream and downstream contaminant boundaries, the likely sources of dioxin/furan, PCB, and heavy metal contamination and the general time horizons of the contaminant discharge.

The project goal is to identify and quantify the character of sediments in the Erie Canal between its confluence with the Niagara River in North Tonawanda, New York and its junction with the Genesee River near Spencerport, New York.

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Incoming

Environmental Results/Products: Characterization of sediment contamination will allow for future activity to be focused on areas most in need and will provide preliminary information concerning the need for remediation.

#19 - OHIO REFERENCE SITE SEDIMENT CHARACTERIZATION
(FY1995 - GL985203-01-0)
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: John F. Estenik
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
Division of Surface Water, Wetlands Program
1800 WaterMark Drive
Columbus, OH 43215-1099
Tel:  (614) 644-2866
Fax: (614) 644-2329

Award Amount: FY 1995 - $110,000
Project Timetable: October 1, 1995 - September 30, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Callie Bolattino
Project Location: Ohio's Lake Erie Basin
Partners: Heidelberg College, USEPA Region 5

Narrative: The Ohio Environmental Protection Agency (OEPA) has developed numeric biocriteria (i.e., biological) State Water Quality Standards for five Ohio Ecoregions. Ecoregional reference sites within Ohio's four Lake Erie Areas of Concern (AOCs) drainage basins have not been adequately assessed physically and chemically for sediment contamination.

Sediment samples will be collected for physical and chemical assessment from three site categories:

Project objectives include:

This project is part of a larger effort which includes more extensive collection of ecoregional (biocriteria sites) samples. Support for the larger effort includes funding from one other grant and state funding (total funding for the study, including GLNPO: ~$300,000).

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Incoming

Environmental Results/Products: The project will enable OEPA to determine how much contamination in the Lake Erie AOCs may be originating from discrete upstream sources or from diffuse "background" sources.

#20 - OLCOTT HARBOR SEDIMENT STUDY
(FY1993 - GL995405-01-0)
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation

Contact: Bruce Garabedian
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
50 Wolf Road, Room 305
Albany, NY 12233-3502
Tel:  (518) 457-0729
Fax: (518) 485-7786

Award Amount: FY1993 - $92,000
Project Timetable: October 1, 1993 - December 31, 1995
GLNPO Project Officer: Diane Dennis-Flagler
Project Location: Olcott Harbor, New York

Narrative: Olcott Harbor is at the mouth of Eighteenmile Creek which is an Area of Concern (AOC). Elevated dioxin levels have been found in sediments behind the Newfane Dam and elevated levels of heavy metals have been detected in sediments of Eighteenmile Creek. There is, however, a significant lack of ambient data to fully characterize the extent of the problem in Olcott Harbor.

The project goal is to provide a screening characterization of contaminant levels in the sediments of Olcott Harbor. Both surficial samples and sediment cores will be collected, and some cores will be radioisotope dated in order to identify recent deposition.

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Incoming

Environmental Results/Products: Data will be used to assess depositional rates and evaluate the toxicity of sediments on the benthic community. The study results will also be used in the development of a Remedial Action Plan for the Eighteenmile Creek Area of Concern.

#21 - OSWEGO RIVER SEDIMENT STUDY
(FY1994 - GL95660-01-0)
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation

Contact: Bruce Garabedian
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
50 Wolf Road, Room 305
Albany, NY 12233-3502
Tel:  (518) 457-0729
Fax: (518) 485-7786

Award Amount: FY1994 - $115,721
Project Timetable: September 6, 1994 - December 31, 1995
GLNPO Project Officer: Diane Dennis-Flagler
Project Location: Oswego River, New York

Narrative: The Oswego River and Harbor have been designated as an Area of Concern due to past industrial and municipal discharges which have contaminated the water column and bottom sediments. Data generated from the sediment study will be used to characterize the nature and extent of all potential contaminants in the Oswego AOC. Sediment toxicity and biological impairment, if any, will also be characterized. Sediment cores will be collected for chemical analysis and surficial samples will be collected for toxicity testing.

The sampling plan includes coverage of the Oswego River upstream of the AOC, a region for which very little information currently exists documenting benthos conditions. Information from these upstream sites will be necessary to adequately evaluate remediation measures, if necessary, in the AOC as natural transport mechanisms move contaminated sediments from upstream sites into the AOC.

Status: Closed out

Data Results: The highest levels of contamination were detected in two cores collected at Battle Island. Extremely high levels of total PAHs (> 27,000 ug/kg) were detected, as well as high concentrations of lead (764 mg/kg), mercury (1.5 mg/kg), silver (1.6 mg/kg), and zinc (277 mg/kg), and relatively high concentrations of dioxin (266 ug/kg), furan (29 ug/kg), and mirex (135 ug/kg). Battle Island is just downstream from Armstrong World Inc., which had already been suspected to be the source of high mirex concentrations.

Environmental Results/Products: Results will allow for the assessment of depositional rates and evaluation of sediment toxicity on the benthic community, as well as the prioritization of necessary remediation measures in the AOC.

#22 - OTTAWA RIVER REMEDIATION PROJECT
(FY1996 - GL985333-01-0)
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency

Contact: Ralph McGinnis
Ohio Environmental Protection Agency
Division of Emergency and Remedial Response
1800 WaterMark Drive
Columbus, OH 43215-1099
Tel:  (614) 644-3065
Fax: (614) 644-3250

Award Amount: FY1996 - $500,000
Project Timetable: September 30, 1996 - September 29, 1998
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman (312) 353-1369
Project Location: Ottawa River, Ohio/Maumee Bay Area Of Concern
Partners: GenCorp Inc., City of Toledo, Maumee RAP team

Narrative: Sediments in the Unnamed Tributary of the Ottawa River are believed to be the primary source of PCB contamination to the Maumee Bay area. The highest levels of PCBs in sediments (2500 ppm) in the Maumee River basin were found in the Unnamed Tributary.

These sediments are resuspended during rainfall events and transported downstream to the Ottawa River, Maumee Bay, and ultimately to Lake Erie.

Project objectives include:

In partial fulfillment of the first objective, a detailed assessment of the Unnamed Tributary was undertaken in late 1996 in order to determine the extent of the PCB contamination.

Status: Ongoing

Environmental Results/Products: Removal of the hot spot of highly contaminated PCB sediments from the Unnamed Tributary will achieve definite risk reduction for both the Ottawa River and Maumee Bay, as well as Lake Erie.

#23 - DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF SAGINAW RIVER GIS
(FY1995 - IAG - DW96947741-01-0)
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Contact: Jim Galloway
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
ATTN: CENCE-EP-E
P.O. Box 1027
Detroit, MI 48231
Tel:  (313) 226-6760
Fax: (313) 226-7095

Award Amount: FY 1995 - $57,000
Project Timetable: August 21, 1995 - August 31, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Callie Bolattino
Project Location: Saginaw River, Michigan
Partners: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Narrative: This project will focus on providing sediment data management and technical assistance in pursuit of sediment remediation for the Saginaw River. The need for a data management system for the Saginaw River Area of Concern (AOC) is critical because of the considerable amount of data collected by various researchers. The need to compare many of these studies and determine trends is vital to any future decision-making.

The goal of this project is to develop a database and geographic information system (GIS) which will provide means for importing and reporting contaminated sediment sampling data for the Saginaw River AOC. This will involve the compilation of previously collected sediment data in digital or hardcopy form and the transfer of this data into a standard database format. The intention is to give the participants involved in the Saginaw River Remedial Action Plan (RAP) the access to this sediment data management system in an attempt to encourage data analysis and promote remedial discussions.

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Project involves database development and not sample collection.

Environmental Results/Products: The development of a Saginaw River GIS which will be used to enhance sediment management decisions in the Saginaw River AOC.

#24 - USE OF CONGENER-SPECIFIC PCBs TO DISTINGUISH AMONG SOURCES OF PCBs INPUT INTO THE SAGINAW RIVER AND SAGINAW BAY
(FY1995 - GL985191-01-0)
University of Michigan

Contact: David J. Jude
2200 Bonisteel Blvd.
Center for Great Lakes and Aquatic Sciences
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2099
Tel:  (313) 763-3183
Fax: (313) 747-2748

Award Amount: FY 1995 - $101,353
Project Timetable: September 29, 1995 - August 31, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman (312) 353-1369
Project Location: Saginaw River, Michigan

Narrative: Sediments in the Saginaw River, a Great Lakes Area of Concern, have been contaminated by many toxic substances, including PCBs. Characterization of the PCBs using congener-specific analyses is important to elucidate food chain relationships, identify the more toxic contaminants, and determine the sources of PCBs within the Saginaw River using the congeners as unique signatures from the various sources of PCBs in the river system and airshed.

The project goal is to determine the transport and sources of PCBs in the Saginaw River watershed.

Specific objectives include:

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Incoming

Environmental Results/Products: The data can be used in models to elucidate the transport of PCBs throughout the river system, including determination of possible deposition sites in the Saginaw River.

#25 - ASSESSMENT OF CONTAMINATED SEDIMENTS IN LAKE MICHIGAN AOCs - SHEBOYGAN RIVER FOOD CHAIN AND SEDIMENT CONTAMINANT ASSESSMENT
(FY1994 - GL995681-01-0)
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources

Contact: Bob Paulson
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources - WT/2
Bureau of Watershed Management
101 S. Webster Street
P.O. Box 7921
Madison, WI 53707-7921
Tel:  (608) 266-7790
Fax: (608) 267-2800

Award Amount: FY1994 - $195,770
Project Timetable: August 1, 1994 - September 30, 1996
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman 312-353-1369
Project Location: Sheboygan River, Wisconsin

Narrative: Contaminated sediment has been identified as a major contributor of toxics to the Sheboygan AOC. Although actions to address remediation have been initiated for the lower segment of the river, management decisions relating to contaminated sediment remediation need to assume a broader focus. This broader focus should benefit the river from its upper reaches, which are reflective of background conditions, downstream to the harbor.

The project goal is to develop linkages of contaminant transfer pathways between sediment, the water column and the food chain within the Sheboygan River AOC.

The project objectives are to:

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Highly elevated concentrations of PAHs were found in a core taken near Camp Marina, just south of the island. The core segment between the depths of 3-5 feet had over 3,400 ppm total PAHs. Elevated concentrations of PCBs were found at many sites, including over 14,750 ppb just downstream of the Rochester Park Launch and over 10,500 ppb at a site above the Riverbend Dam, just downstream of Rochester Park Island.

Environmental Results/Products: By determining the contribution, composition, and distribution of contaminants associated with river sediments, the project will provide a basis for making management decisions throughout the river from its upper reaches to the harbor.

#26 - SEDIMENT REMEDIATION SCOPING PROJECT IN THE ST. LOUIS RIVER AOC - SLIP C
(FY1995 - GL985131-01-0)
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency

Contact: Judy Crane
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency
Water Quality Division
520 Lafayette Rd. N.
St. Paul, MN 55155-4194
Tel:  (612) 297-4068
Fax: (612) 297-8683

Award Amount: FY1995 - $100,000 (Sediment Remediation portion of MPCA cluster grant)
Project Timetable: October 1, 1995 - September 30, 1998
GLNPO Project Officer: Callie Bolattino
Project Location: St. Louis River Area of Concern, Duluth/Superior Harbor (Duluth, MN/Superior, WI)
Partners: Sediment Contamination Workgroup of the St. Louis River Remedial Action Plan

Narrative: Sediment contamination has been documented in the Duluth/Superior Harbor area of the St. Louis River Area of Concern. Sediment assessments were performed in 1993 and 1994 (projects #5 and #6). These assessments provided a framework for prioritizing sediment remediation activities within the AOC.

The goal of this sediment remediation scoping project is to implement a hotspot management plan at one site in the Duluth/Superior Harbor that will have the end result of a remediation action. The original site selected, Grassy Point/Hibbard Power Plant, has recently been changed to Slip C, by Superwood. A new Scope of Work and Quality Assurance Project Plan (QAPP) are currently being prepared for the Slip C site.

The specific objectives of this project are to:

Information on historical and current sources of contamination to Slip C, as well as historical and current land use patterns for the area surrounding Slip C, are being obtained. A random sampling grid will be used to collect sediment samples for visual analysis. Within these sites, samples for chemical analyses will be selected on a non-random basis, in order to tie the most visual types of sediment with levels of particular contaminants (e.g., PAHs, mercury, PCBs, toxaphene, ammonia). Sediment sampling will be conducted by early summer, 1997.

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Data not yet collected

Environmental Results/Products: Information and experience gained during this project will be available for use in future remediation scoping projects at other Duluth/Superior Harbor locations. Remediation studies could lead to the enforcement or establishment of protective permits to limit further point source contamination of sediments.

#27 - CHARACTERIZATION OF TRENTON CHANNEL SHORELINE SEDIMENTS
(FY1993 - GL995960-02-0)
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Contact: Art Ostaszewski
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
Surface Water Quality Division
Hollister Building
PO Box 30473
Lansing, MI 48909-7973
Tel:  (517) 335-4491
Fax: (517) 373-9958

Award Amount: FY1993 - $200,000
Project Timetable: October 1, 1993 - March 31, 1996
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman (312) 353-1369
Project Location: Trenton Channel of Detroit River, Michigan

Narrative: Sediments in the Trenton Channel of the lower Detroit River, a heavily industrialized area and a major navigation route, have been identified as one of the most severely contaminated areas in the entire Detroit River Area of Concern. The need has been identified to better delineate "hot spots" in the Trenton Channel.

The USEPA and Michigan Department of Natural Resources (MDNR) jointly established a work group to focus research and remediation activity in the Trenton Channel. The work group objective is to develop effective processes for assessing and remediating contaminated sediments in large river systems. The goal of this project is to characterize the Trenton Channel shoreline sediments.

To meet this goal, precursory sediment data will be collected to:

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Elevated levels of PCBs and several heavy metals were observed at many stations. Hot spots include Black Lagoon, where elevated concentrations were observed for Cd (30 ug/g), Hg (7.8 ug/g), Pb (574 ug/g), Ni (206 ug/g), and Zn (3320 ug/g). The area near Monguagon Creek is highly contaminated by Cd (40 ug/g), Cr (500 ug/g), Hg (11 ug/g), Ni (251 ug/g), and PCBs (12.3 ug/g). Other hot spots were Firestone Steel (10 ug/g Hg) and the north channel of Elizabeth Park (10.3 ug/g PCBs).

Environmental Results/Products: The information collected will be used to help prioritize areas in the Trenton Channel for remediation. Successful application of sediment remediation technology for the Trenton Channel could result in an expansion of this effort for the entire Detroit River.

#28 -TRENTON CHANNEL SEDIMENT SUPPORT
(FY1995 - IAG - DW96947740-01-0)
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Contact: Jim Galloway
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
ATTN: CENCE-EP-E
P.O. Box 1027
Detroit, MI 48231
Tel:  (313) 226-6760
Fax: (313) 226-7095

Award Amount: FY1995 - $75,000 (IAG total $225,000 for Trenton Channel and Clinton River (project #3) combined)
Project Timetable: July 31, 1995 - December 31, 1996
GLNPO Project Officer: Callie Bolattino
Project Location: Trenton Channel of Detroit River, Michigan
Partners: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Narrative: Sediments in the Trenton Channel of the lower Detroit River, a heavily industrialized area and a major navigation route, have been identified as one of the most severely contaminated areas in the entire Detroit River Area of Concern. A FY1993 study (project #27) characterized channel shoreline sediments by collecting precursory sediment data for model development, model components and hot spot identification. Surficial samples collected in 1993 and 1994 revealed sediment depositional zones severely contaminated with heavy metals, including mercury, in upstream portions of the Trenton Channel.

The goal of this Interagency Agreement (IAG) is to conduct comprehensive assessments of sediments within three specific areas of the channel in order to determine the depth and degree of contamination and provide technical assistance in pursuit of sediment remediation for the Trenton Channel. The project also involves collection of a third year of monitoring data near the Elizabeth Park Marina to determine trends in benthic community response and sedimentation following dredging in the Trenton Channel. This information will help validate model predictions and give an indication as to the degree of contaminated sediment being deposited in the lower Trenton Channel as a result of upstream sources.

The information will also assist in the development of remedial designs for other areas of extensive contamination within the Trenton Channel.

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Twenty stations were sampled in the Upper Trenton. Sites with high levels of organic and heavy metal contamination included Firestone Steel, Nicholson South Boat Slip, and Allied Fuel Oil Slip. Concentrations in these area were: mercury, 20 ppm; PCBs, 20 ppm; lead, 580 ppm; copper, 630 ppm; cadmium, 35 ppm; PAHs, 200 ppm; and oil and grease, 71,000 ppm. The results of this study, along with the other research studies of the Trenton Channel Project, indicate that the majority of the Trenton Channel contamination is found in depositional zones along the Michigan mainland shore and is primarily associated with industrial sources that are no longer present.

Environmental Results/Products: The information collected will be used as part of a mass balance modeling effort for the Trenton Channel. Successful application of sediment remediation technology for the Trenton Channel could result in an expansion of this effort for the entire Detroit River. The work performed under this grant could also be adapted to similar Areas of Concern such as the St. Clair River or the St. Mary's River.

#29 -BENCH SCALE FEASIBILITY/TREATABILITY STUDY IN TRENTON CHANNEL
(FY1995 - GL985207-01-0)
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Contact: Art Ostaszewski
Michigan Department of Environmental Quality
Surface Water Quality Division
Hollister Building
PO Box 30473
Lansing, MI 48909-7973
Tel:  (517) 335-4491
Fax: (517) 373-9958

Award Amount: FY1995 - $125,000
Project Timetable: October 1, 1995 - September 30, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman (312) 353-1369
Project Location: Trenton Channel of Detroit River, Michigan

Narrative: Sediments in the Trenton Channel of the lower Detroit River, a heavily industrialized area and a major navigation route, have been identified as one of the most severely contaminated areas in the entire Detroit River Area of Concern. Existing work in the Trenton Channel includes re-investigation of zones of contamination to determine depth of contamination (projects #27 and #28) and the development of advanced survey techniques (hydroacoustic profiling) to assess sediment contamination (project #30).

The objective of this project is to collect sediment from Trenton Channel contaminated sites for bench-scale evaluation of remedial treatment technologies. Using the Remediation Guidance Document developed by the ARCS Program as a guide, feasibility evaluations and treatment technologies would be assessed for contaminated sites in the Trenton Channel.

Status: Ongoing

Environmental Results/Products: Anticipated study products include:

#30 - HYDROACOUSTIC PROFILING IN TRENTON CHANNEL, MI
(FY1995 - IAG - DW96947730-01-0)
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Contact: Darla McVan
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Waterways Experimental Station
3909 Halls Ferry Road
Vicksburg, MS 39180-6199
Tel:  (601) 634-2869
Fax: (601) 634-3694

Award Amount: FY1995 - $120,000
Project Timetable: May 1, 1995 - September 30, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman (312) 353-1369
Project Location: Trenton Channel of Detroit River, Michigan

Narrative: This study is an investigation into the applicability of hydroacoustic profiling in the mapping of bottom sediments. Results of a preliminary acoustical sediment survey conducted in 1994 identified the need to optimize the equipment for use in shallow water (2-30 ft.) and in sediment areas which exhibit a high degree of sediment heterogeneity.

The goal of this project is to determine the appearance of the sediment strata in the near shore area of Trenton Channel and to determine the soft sediment-hardpan boundary to enable the calculation of sediment volume.

Project objectives are:

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: No sediment data collected.

Environmental Results/Products: Project results will be used to help develop a cost effective and rapid means of mapping the distribution of sediments in harbors and rivers which is required to facilitate the remediation decisions facing environmental managers.

#31 -TRACE LEVEL PCB CONCENTRATIONS IN TRENTON CHANNEL
(FY1994 - GL995664-01-0)
Michigan State University

Contact: John P. Giesy
Department of Fisheries and Wildlife
Pesticide Research Center
#13 Natural Resources Building
Michigan State University
East Lansing, MI 48824-1222
Tel:  (517) 353-2000
Fax: (517) 432-1984

Award Amount: FY1994 - $96,000
Project Timetable: September 13, 1994 - April 1, 1996
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman (312) 353-1369
Project Location: Trenton Channel of Detroit River, Michigan
Partners: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Narrative: Sediments in the Trenton Channel of the lower Detroit River, a heavily industrialized area and a major navigation route, have been identified as one of the most severely contaminated areas in the entire Detroit River Area of Concern. Sediment contamination in the Trenton Channel has been extensively characterized through the course of many studies, including projects #27 and #28. Plans for sediment remediation are currently being made. Prior to remediation, it must be determined if there are still any point or non-point sources of critical pollutants, including PCBs, to the Detroit River and Trenton Channel.

Project objectives include:

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Incoming (no sediment samples; water samples and semipermeable membrane devices (SPMD) only)

Environmental Results/Products: The knowledge gained from this project will allow for the calibration of mass transport models and a better description of the seasonal and weather-related loading of concentrations of PCBs in the Trenton Channel.

#32 - WAUKEGAN HARBOR AOC USE IMPAIRMENT REASSESSMENT 1995
(FY1995 - GL985226-01-0 and DW14947756-01-0)
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency and United States Geological Survey

Contact: Robert Schacht
Illinois Environmental Protection Agency
1701 First Avenue
Maywood, IL 60153
Tel:  (708) 338-7900
Fax: (708) 338-7930

Chris Ingersoll
United States Geological Survey
Midwest Science Center
4200 New Haven Rd.
Columbia, MO 65201
Tel:  (573) 876-1819
Fax: (573) 876-1896

Award Amount: FY1995 - $100,000 (to IEPA) and FY1995 IAG - $40,000 (to USGS)
Project Timetable: October 1, 1995 - September 30, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Callie Bolattino
Project Location: Waukegan Harbor, Northeast Illinois, Lake Michigan

Narrative: Waukegan Harbor was listed as an Area of Concern (AOC) based on contamination by PCBs. Sediment and water sampling in 1990 helped identify areas in need of remediation. In 1993, USEPA announced the completion of a harbor dredging project which removed 1,000,000 pounds of PCBs from the harbor and adjacent property.

The primary goal of this study is to provide an update to previous studies in the area and to assess the status of previously listed use impairments. Data collected will provide the basis for de-listing if improvements are sufficient.

Specific objectives include:

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Incoming

Environmental Results/Products: Study information will be provided to the Illinois Interagency Fish Contaminant Work Group, the Great Lakes states, and the public. Data will be entered into the USEPA STORET database. The project will provide information useful to the Lake Michigan Mass Balance model presently under development.

#33 - WHITE LAKE, MICHIGAN SEDIMENT ASSESSMENT
(FY1994 - IAG - DW96947710-01-0)
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

Contact: Jim Galloway
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
ATTN: CENCE-EP-E
P.O. Box 1027
Detroit, MI 48231
Tel:  (313) 226-6760
Fax: (313) 226-7095 FAX

Award Amount: FY1994 - $61,696 (White Lake and Muskegon Lake (project #16) combined; IAG total $221, 000 for White/Muskegon Lakes and Clinton River (project #2) combined)
Project Timetable: September 1, 1994 - September 30, 1995
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman (312) 353-1369
Project Location: White Lake, Michigan
Partners: Michigan Department of Environmental Quality

Narrative: White Lake, a 2,570 acre drowned river mouth located on the east shore of Lake Michigan, has been designated as a Great Lakes Area of Concern (AOC) due to a number of water quality problems including contaminated sediments and nutrient enrichment. Previous studies have shown that historical municipal and industrial discharges to the lake have resulted in elevated concentrations of many heavy metals.

In response to the need for more current data and confirmation of a suspected sediment "hot spot", a sediment sampling survey of White Lake, Michigan was conducted.

Project objectives were as follows:

Status: Closed out

Data Results: Arsenic, chromium, and mercury were consistently found at very high levels, while lead, nickel and zinc were also found at elevated levels but in a more inconsistent and less dramatic pattern. The major amount of contamination was located directly adjacent to the Whitehall Leather Company property in the vicinity of their lagoons, where the highest concentrations of As (569 mg/kg), Cr (14,300 mg/kg), and Hg (16.7 mg/kg) were all found.

Environmental Results/Products: Results from this study better delineated contaminant hotspots and were used to help plan for further biological characterization of the area which was conducted in October of 1996.

#34 - PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION OF WHITE LAKE NEAR WHITEHALL TANNERY
(FY1996 - IAG - DW13947766-01-0)
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Contact: Gary Fahnenstiel
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Great Lakes Environmental Research Lab
1431 Beach Street
Muskegon, MI 49441
Tel:  (616) 759-7824
Fax: (616) 759-7906

Award Amount: FY1996 - $148,100
Project Timetable: August 15, 1996 - December 31, 1997
GLNPO Project Officer: Marc Tuchman (312) 353-1369
Project Location: White Lake, Michigan
Partners: Michigan Dept. of Environmental Quality, Grand Valley St. Univ., White Lake PAC

Narrative: White Lake is a Great Lakes Area of Concern located on the eastern shore of Lake Michigan. Elevated levels of heavy metals have been found in the northeastern section of the lake in previous studies, including Project #33. The elevated metal concentrations are located near the Whitehall Leather Tannery (Tannery Bay). The current extent of sediment contamination in the area outside of Tannery Bay is unknown with respect to spatial and vertical distribution. In addition, since previous studies focused only on chemical contamination, the biological impacts of the heavy metal contamination have not been evaluated.

Project objectives are to:

Status: Ongoing

Data Results: Data collection was initiated in October 1996 and will be completed in August 1997 Environmental Results/Products: The investigation will provide information necessary for the development and evaluation of remediation alternatives for the Tannery Bay area.

 


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