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The Great Lakes An Environmental Atlas and Resource Book

The Great Lakes:
An Environmental Atlas and Resource Book


Jointly produced by the Government of Canada and the United States Environmental Protection Agency

Third Edition 1995

The Great Lakes Atlas Third Edition 1995 is available from NSCEP, US EPA's publication service.


Chapter One - Introduction: The Great Lakes

  1. Physical Characteristics of the System
  2. Settlement
  3. Exploitation
  4. Industrialization
  5. The Evolution of Great Lakes Management
  6. Toxic Contaminants
  7. Understanding the Great Lakes from an Ecosystem Perspective

Chapter Two - Natural Processes in the Great Lakes

  1. Geology
  2. Climate
  3. Climate Change and the Great Lakes
  4. The Hydrologic Cycle
  5. Surface Runoff
  6. Wetlands
  7. Groundwater
  8. Lake Levels
  9. Lake Processes: Stratification and Turnover
  10. Living Resources

Chapter Three - People and the Great Lakes

  1. Native People
  2. Early Settlement by Europeans
  3. Development of the Lakes
  4. Agriculture Logging and Forestry
  5. Canals, Shipping and Transportation
  6. Commercial Fisheries
  7. Sport Fishery
  8. Recreation
  9. Urbanization and Industrial Growth
  10. Levels, Diversions and Consumptive Use Studies

Chapter Four - The Great Lakes Today - Concerns

  1. Pathogens
  2. Eutrophication and Oxygen Depletion
  3. Toxic Contaminants
  4. Pathways of Pollution
  5. Loadings to a Closed System
  6. Control of Pollutants
  7. Bioaccumulation and Biomagnification
  8. Habitat and Biodiversity
  9. Exotic Species
  10. Fish Consumption Advisories
  11. Sustainable Development
  12. Geographic Areas of Concern
  13. Major Diversion Proposals
  14. Other Basin Concerns

Chapter Five - Joint Management of the Great Lakes

  1. The Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909
  2. The International Joint Commission
  3. The Great Lakes Fishery Commission
  4. The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement-1972
  5. The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement-1978
  6. The Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement-1987
  7. National Institutional Arrangements for Great Lakes Management
  8. Local Public Involvement
  9. An Ecosystem Approach to Management

Chapter Six - New Directions for the Great Lakes Community

  1. Cooperation
  2. Research
  3. The Future of the Great Lakes
  4. People in the Ecosystem


Conversion Table (Metric to Imperial Values)

References and Suggestions for Further Reading

Sources for Maps

List of Maps

List of Diagrams

List of Great LakesFactsheets

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