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Federal Energy Requirements

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In addition to being part of the Agency's mission, EPA's efforts to reduce energy consumption at its many facilities help it meet a variety of federal energy reduction requirements.* These requirements include Executive Order (EO) 13514, the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA), the 2009 Omnibus Appropriations Act which codified EISA into law, and EO 13423. The energy reduction guidelines below require that agencies report and reduce energy intensity at the facilities where they pay utility bills. Since the U.S. General Services Administration (GSA) provides most of EPA's office space and pays those utility bills, EPA's energy intensity reduction program focuses mainly on the Agency's own laboratories.

*Note: Because energy reductions are measured in terms of energy intensity (energy use per square foot of space), energy reduction requirements are relative. As a result, new facilities and additions of square footage of laboratory space do not theoretically affect EPA's progress in meeting energy reduction goals.

EO 13514

Signed on October 5, 2009, EO 13514, “Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance,” supports existing federal energy efficiency requirements and establishes a range of new sustainability goals for the federal government.

Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007

Signed on December 19, 2007, the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) aims to increase U.S. energy security, develop renewable fuel production, and improve vehicle fuel economy.  EISA reinforces the energy reduction goals for federal agencies put forth in Executive Order 13423, as well as introduces more aggressive requirements.

EISA Section 432—Management of Energy and Water Efficiency in Federal Buildings—establishes a framework for facility project management and benchmarking. Under this requirement, agencies must identify all “covered facilities” that constitute at least 75 percent of the agency’s facility energy use, and an energy manager must be designated at each of these covered facilities.

Under EISA, EPA is responsible for completing comprehensive energy and water evaluations of 25 percent of covered facilities each year. EISA also encourages EPA to implement identified energy and water efficiency measures within two years of these evaluations, and to follow up on these through measurement and verification.

New commercial buildings must reach a long-term “zero net energy” goal by FY 2025; existing commercial buildings must also reach “zero net energy” by FY 2050.  By 2010, federal agencies will be required to lease space that has earned the ENERGY STAR® label in the most recent year.

Read the full text of the legislation. [PDF]

EO 13423

Signed on January 24, 2007, and codified into law on February 17, 2009, by the 2009 Omnibus Appropriations Act, EO 13423, “Strengthening Federal Environmental, Energy, and Transportation Management,” mandates sustainability goals for the federal government that match or exceed previous statutory and EO requirements. The order consolidates and strengthens the sustainable practices of five existing EOs, including EO 13123, which are all revoked. EO 13514, signed in October 2009, ensures that the energy efficiency requirements of EO 13423 remain in effect.

This requirement seeks to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and achieve in 10 years the same level of energy efficiency improvement that federal agencies achieved in the last 20 years. EO 13423 is 50 percent more stringent than the requirements of the Energy Policy Act of 2005 (EPAct 2005).

EPAct 2005 

Signed into law on August 8, 2005, EPAct 2005 requires federal agencies to reduce energy intensity every year in their facilities by 2 percent per year beginning in FY 2006, up to a cumulative 20 percent reduction by the end of FY 2015 (compared to an FY 2003 baseline):

Learn more about previous federal requirements for energy conservation including EO 13123 and EPAct 1992.


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