Ann Arbor, Michigan
The National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory (NVFEL)
Total Facility Area: 201,799 gross square feet (GSF)
Estimated Personnel: 175 persons
FY 2003 Energy Consumption*: 58,278,138,000 Btu per year
FY 2003 Btu per GSF per Year: 319,900
FY 2012 Energy Consumption: 70,493,354,080 Btu per year
FY 2012 Btu per GSF per Year: 349,324; 9.2 percent increase from the baseline
FY 2007 Water Consumption**: 6,518,525 gallons per year
FY 2007 Gallons per GSF per Year: 33.7
FY 2012 Water Consumption: 7,696,707 gallons per year
FY 2012 Gallons per GSF per Year: 38.1; 13.3 percent increase from the baseline
All energy and water data are reported as of FY 2012.1
*FY 2003 is the standard baseline year used by the federal government to measure energy conservation progress.
**FY 2007 is the standard baseline year used by the federal government to measure water conservation progress.
NVFEL is the primary EPA research laboratory used for fuel and emissions testing. Work carried out in this laboratory supports the Office of Air and Radiation's (OAR) Office of Transportation and Air Quality's (OTAQ) efforts to establish and enforce emission standards for motor vehicles, engines, and fuels, as well as the development of automotive technology.
The facility primarily tests mobile sources of pollution (cars, trucks, motorcycles, boats, etc.). The laboratory assists in the establishment of national standards for emissions and tests vehicles for compliance with these standards.
- Dorothy Richards, Ruth Schenk, Jim Wright, Jan Adam, and Greg McCrumb won a fiscal year (FY) 2010 Waste Warrior Honorable Mention for having the second-highest diversion rate, 86.9 percent, of the EPA facilities that reported waste and recycling data in FY 2010.
Unique Environmental Features
- NVFEL eliminated unnecessary lighting fixtures and installed more efficient fixtures in much of the facility between December 2009 and April 2010, reducing energy needed to light the renovated areas by approximately 52 percent. Lighting controls were also installed in parts of the building.
- In summer 2011, the facility replaced several high-intensity discharge (HID) exterior lighting fixtures with more efficient light-emitting diode (LED) fixtures, installed occupancy sensors, and replaced interior lighting with T-5 fluorescent bulbs. Whenever offices and testing areas undergo renovation, they receive new, efficient lighting fixtures as part of NVFEL's ongoing energy savings efforts.
- In FY 2006, through a joint and focused effort involving EPA’s Ann Arbor facility manager, other Ann Arbor facility personnel, and the energy savings performance contract (ESPC) contractor, EPA streamlined the operation of NVFEL to reduce energy use 24 percent from FY 2005. EPA entered into the ESPC in 1998 with NORESCO, one of the largest and most experienced energy service companies in the United States.
- A comprehensive energy infrastructure upgrade that included installation of new boilers, chillers, rooftop air handling units, double enthalpy recovery, a 200-kilowatt natural gas fuel cell, and a new direct digital control system was completed in April 2001 under an ESPC. The ESPC was secured in 1998 and has proven itself successful, having reduced the facility's energy use by 50 percent compared to its baseline use. To learn more about this project, view the Ann Arbor ESPC case study (PDF) (6 pp, 257K, About PDF) or the Ann Arbor ESPC presentation (PDF) (30 pp, 1.0MB, About PDF).
- EPA offsets 100 percent of the electricity consumption at NVFEL with renewable energy certificates (RECs) purchased through the Agency's blanket green power contract. Learn more about EPA's blanket green power contracts.
- NVFEL is the first EPA laboratory to be renovated under Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21®), a voluntary partnership program dedicated to improving the environmental performance of U.S. laboratories. NVFEL is a showcase facility for this program.
- In June 2010, EPA completed a revision of its water management plan for NVFEL (PDF) (21 pp, 180K, About PDF).
For More Information About This Facility
Steve Dorer (email@example.com),
2565 Plymouth Road
Ann Arbor, MI 48105
Phone: (734) 214-4200