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Public Facilities Action Plan

Local governments traditionally are responsible for providing a variety of services to residents, including drinking water, stormwater controls, and wastewater treatment. In many states, they are also responsible for overseeing the use of on-site septic systems. These tasks are important for protecting human health and the environment.

Septic Systems and Wastewater Treatment
Drinking Water (Surface Water and Groundwater)
Municipal Landfills, Incinerators and Material Recovery Facilities

Septic Systems and Wastewater Treatment

On-site septic systems are common in rural and suburbanizing areas where centralized systems are not available. They can be effective ways of treating wastewater if properly sited and maintained. In some cases, alternative systems are preferable. Urban and many suburban areas have centralized wastewater treatment systems. The choice of treatment system will affect human health and community finances. Plan carefully.

Policy and Planning Tools

Regulatory Tools

Technical Tools

Financial Tools

Other Tools

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Drinking Water (Surface Water and Groundwater)

Providing a clean, safe, reliable drinking water system requires both attention to the source, either groundwater or surface water, and an appropriate infrastructure.

Policy and Planning Tools

Regulatory Tools

Technical Tools

Financial Tools

Other Tools

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Municipal Landfills, Incinerators, and Material Recovery Facilities

One of the major costs incurred by a local government is getting rid of its municipal wastes, with most wastes in the US ending up in landfills. Here are some tools to help you along, with direct links to web sites.

Policy and Planning Tools

Regulatory Tools

Technical Tools

Financial Tools

Other Tools

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You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader, available as a free download, to view some of the files on this page. See EPA's PDF page to learn more about PDF, and for a link to the free Acrobat Reader.


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