Public Facilities Action Plan
Local governments traditionally are responsible for providing a variety of services to residents, including drinking water, stormwater controls, and wastewater treatment. In many states, they are also responsible for overseeing the use of on-site septic systems. These tasks are important for protecting human health and the environment.
On-site septic systems are common in rural and suburbanizing areas where centralized systems are not available. They can be effective ways of treating wastewater if properly sited and maintained. In some cases, alternative systems are preferable. Urban and many suburban areas have centralized wastewater treatment systems. The choice of treatment system will affect human health and community finances. Plan carefully.
Policy and Planning Tools
- Septic Systems: What you need to know!
- Diagram of a septic system
- The Septic Information Website:
- EPA's Office of Wastewater Management
- The Virginia Cooperative Extension Service provides information on individual and small community wastewater treatment and disposal options. Additional information for small communities is also provided.
- Septic tank news you can use is part of the National Small Flows Clearinghouse.
- Florida's Department of Health provides installation codes and application forms.
- National Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permit Program
- Do's and Don'ts of taking care of your septic system from the National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association (NOWRA).
- Alternatives to conventional wastewater treatment
- Another alternative- greywater re-use
- The Southeast Rural Community Assistance Project, Inc. is one of six regional training and technical assistance resource centers in the development of water and wastewater facilities to serve low income residents. SE/R-CAP serves the states of DE, MD, VA, NC, SC, & FL.
- A field study training program in Small Wastewater System Operation and Maintenance.
- The Farm*A*Syst and Home*A*Syst programs, which are voluntary pollution prevention programs, have information on household wastewater: septic systems and other treatment methods.
- Information on EPA's State revolving fund
- EPA's Financial Assistance for Wastewater Management
- And, information on US EPA's funding for watershed projects.
- And, US EPA's hardship grants for small, disadvantaged, rural communities to address wastewater treatment needs.
- The Pennsylvania Infrastructure Investment Authority's PENNVEST program gives loans and grants for drinking water, wastewater and stormwater projects.
- Quick Tips for a healthy septic system.
- Explore an ecological wastewater recycling system in Chatham County, NC.
- National Onsite Wastewater Recycling Association, Inc. (NOWRA)
- Read more about septic systems at the Colorado Water Institute
- Check out participating Green Community, the City of York, PA Wastewater Treatment Plant web site.
Providing a clean, safe, reliable drinking water system requires both attention to the source, either groundwater or surface water, and an appropriate infrastructure.
Policy and Planning Tools
- Check out the tools at site EPA's Water Protection Program
- EPA's Drinking Water Contaminant Source Index
- The Local Drinking Water Information Page consists of a 'point and click' map of the United States which provides state and regional information to the county level or by water system name.
- The Water Resources Division website of the U.S. Geological Survey
- Also, check out the American Water Works Association site on drinking water.
- Drinking Water Consumers from the Office of Water.
- Protecting Local Ground Water Supply Through Wellhead Protection
- Designation as a sole-source aquifer can protect groundwater used as a drinking-water source.
- Sample Wellhead Protection Ordinance Provisions
- Check out the tools at EPA's Water Protection Program site
- The Technical Resources Section website of the U.S. Geological survey.
- Water Wiser, the Water Efficiency Clearinghouse.
- Drinking Water Public Service Announcements
- Methods for the Delineation of Wellhead Protection Areas (WHPA's)
- The EPA's Drinking Water State Revolving Funds
- SRF's UP - A newsletter for the Drinking Water and Clean Water State Revolving Programs.
- The US EPA offers grants for source water assessments.
- Pennsylvania's Technical Assistance Center for Small Drinking Water Systems.
- Financial assistance for water and wastewater to towns of under 10,000 people
- Drop by Drop : How to start a water conservation program.
- What Do I Need To Know To Protect My Private Drinking Water Supply?
- Private Drinking Water Wells
One of the major costs incurred by a local government is getting rid of its municipal wastes, with most wastes in the US ending up in landfills. Here are some tools to help you along, with direct links to web sites.
Policy and Planning Tools
- Looking for ways to reduce the amount of waste produced in your community?
- How about a Pay as you Throw program?
- EPA has a variety of Pollution Prevention programs and resouces. Check out this site for ways to reduce pollution and solid waste.
- "A Policy Statement on the Incineration of Municipal Waste" [PDF, 36 pp., 4.8MB] from the International Air Quality Advisory Board.
- Click here for information on the Materials Efficiency Success Stories.
- This site provides information on RCRA Subtitle D, federal regulations that deal with solid waste.
- EPA's Project XL for Communities gives the regulated community the opportunity to demonstrate Excellence and Leadership.
- Visit this EPA site for Emission Guidelines for Existing Sources and Standards of Performance for New Sources: Large Municipal Waste Combustion (MCW) Units.
- For more information on the Municipal Waste Combustion (MCW) Unit Rule, read these other related documents.
- At Hazmat Safety, the Department of Transportation has made available information on hazardous materials rules and regulations, training schedules. enforcement guidelines, and a wide variety of other publications and reports.
- Want to know what the federal regulations are on landfill design ?
- This solid waste landfill design course from the University of Wisconsin .
- Recycling is one way to reduce municipal waste. Check out this site for more information.
- Do you really know how much your waste costs you? Click here to find out about full-cost accounting .
- Should your community charge citizens by the amount of waste they put out on the curb? Here's information on pay-as-you-throw.
- Looking for federal funding for an innovative way to deal with your waste? Check here for federal grant programs.
- To look for foundation grants, check out the Foundation Center .
- This site gives information on how school districts can prevent waste .
|You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader, available as a free download, to view some of the files on this page. See EPA's PDF page to learn more about PDF, and for a link to the free Acrobat Reader.|