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Green Vehicle Guide

Greenhouse Gas Rating

  • This rating reflects vehicle tailpipe emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), the most prevalent greenhouse gas (GHG). CO2 emissions typically constitute 99% of the tailpipe emissions of greenhouse gases. 
  • Vehicles that score a 10 are the cleanest
  • Even though this rating only addresses what comes out of the tailpipe, it is important to note that the production of the fuel used to power your vehicle can also generate CO2. For example, activities associated with fuel production such as extracting (or getting)  the raw materials, transporting them to a processing plant, and converting them into motor fuel, as well as distributing that fuel, can all produce GHG emissions  These emissions are not included in this rating.

Methodology for model year 2012 and earlier

For model year 2012 and earlier, EPA quantified greenhouse gases as CO2e using emissions factors that were  based on vehicle emission test results and fuel characteristics. Factoring in the global warming potential of each gas provides a vehicle's CO2 equivalent (CO2e) emissions.  The CO2e emission factors that were used:

Table 1: Tailpipe CO2e Emissions Per Fuel Type
  CO2 CH4 and N2O
Fuel Type Pounds/Gallon Grams/Gallon Grams/Mile
Gasoline 19.59 8,8871 1.92
Diesel 22.44 10,1803 0.44
E85 13.88 6,2955 4.06
CNG 15.50 7,0307 6.88

 

1 Value is based on indolene fuel, a specific EPA test fuel.

2 U.S. EPA, Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2007, Table A-90, EPA 430-R-09-004, April 15, 2009. Average value for Tier 2 passenger cars and light-duty trucks.

3 Value calculated based on 40 C.F.R. 600.113 carbon content.

4 U.S. EPA, Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990-2007, Table A-90, EPA 430-R-09-004, April 15, 2009. Average value for advanced diesel passenger cars and light-duty trucks. 

5 Ethanol value is from the EPA's Final Mandatory Greenhouse Gas Reporting Rule for Petroleum Suppliers which uses the ethanol density value from the CRC: Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 89th Edition, 2008-2009, Editor -in-Chief - David R. Lide; from Section 15: Density of Solvents as a function of temperature; and based the carbon share value on a calculation of the molecular weight of carbon in ethanol (C2H5OH) using the periodic table of elements. The table 1 value is comprised of 83% ethanol and 17% gasoline, accounts for 2% denaturant in ethanol.

6 GREET v1.8b available in RFS2 docket # EPA-HQ-OAR-2005-0161-0956 (spreadsheet "Vehicles"). 

7 GREET v1.8b available in RFS2 docket # EPA-HQ-OAR-2005-0161-0925.1 (spreadsheet "Emission Factors").

8 GREET v1.8b available in RFS2 docket # EPA-HQ-OAR-2005-0161-0956 (spreadsheet "Vehicles"). 

Greenhouse Gas Rating

Rating Scales by Model Year (MY)

MY 2015

Rating MPG (gas) CO2 (g/mile)
10 ≥ 45 ≤ 200
9 37-44 201-243
8 31-36 244-291
7 27-30 292-335
6 24-26 336-378
5 20-23 379-456
4 17-19 457-539
3 15-16 540-613
2 14 614-658
1 ≤ 13 ≥ 659

MY 2014

Rating MPG (gas) CO2 (g/mile)
10 ≥ 43 ≤ 209
9 35-42 210-258
8 30-34 259-301
7 26-29 302-349
6 23-25 350-395
5 20-22 396-456
4 18-19 457-508
3 16-17 509-573
2 14-15 574-658
1 ≤ 13 ≥ 659

MY 2013

Rating MPG (gas) CO2 (g/mile)
10 ≥ 40 ≤ 222
9 34-39 223-261
8 29-33 262-306
7 26-28 307-342
6 23-25 343-386
5 20-22 387-444
4 17-19 445-523
3 15-16 524-592
2 13-14 593-684
1 ≤ 12 ≥ 685

MY 2012 & 2011

Score CO2 (g/mile) Combined City/Hwy Label MPG
Gasoline Diesel
10 ≤ 188 ≥ 48 ≥ 55
9 188-233 39-47 44-54
8 234-279 33-38 37-33
7 280-325 28-32 32-36
6 326-371 25-27 28-31
5 372-417 22-24 25-27
4 418-463 20-21 22-24
3 464-509 18-19 20-21
2 510-555 17 19
1 ≥ 556 ≤ 16 ≤ 18

MY 2010 & 2009

Score CO2 (g/mile) Combined City/Hwy Label MPG
Gasoline Diesel
10 ≤ 237 ≥ 38 ≥ 43
9 238-283 32-37 36-42
8 284-329 28-31 31-35
7 330-375 24-27 28-30
6 376-421 22-23 25-27
5 422-467 20-21 22-24
4 468-513 18-19 20-21
3 514-559 16-17 19
2 560-605 15 17-18
1 606-651 14 16
0 ≥ 652 1 1

MY 2008 & Earlier

Score CO2 (g/mile) Combined City/Hwy Label MPG
Gasoline Diesel
10 ≤ 302 ≥ 37 ≥ 43
9 302-360 31-36 36-42
8 361-428 26-30 30-35
7 429-493 23-25 26-29
6 494-560 20-22 23-25
5 561-616 18-19 21-22
4 617-693 16-17 19-20
3 694-752 15 17-18
2 753-837 14 16
1 838-852 13 15
0 ≥ 853 1 1

 

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