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Test Methods, Sediment Quality Guidelines and TIE

Project Summary

This project involves several related efforts to develop tools for the assessment of contaminated sediments.  Early work focused on the development of methods for testing the toxicity of field sediments to benthic organisms, using both short- and long-term exposures.  In addition, research was undertaken to develop the theoretical basis for predicting the bioavailability and toxicity of sediment-associated contaminants, and to apply this understanding to the development of sediment quality guidelines.  Finally, methods were developed to identify the causes of toxicity in field sediments, including methods for both whole sediment and interstitial water toxicity.  Results from this research have been incorporated into Agency guidance documents (see products below).

Key products

Erickson, R.J. 2011. Quantification of toxic effects for water concentration-based aquatic life criteria-Part B. EPA/600/R-09/146.
http://www.epa.gov/med/pdfs/CriteriaGuidelinesToxModelEvalPartBFinal.pdf

Hoheisel, S., R.J. Erickson, T.L. Highland, J.R. Hockett, D.J. Hoff, T.J. Norberg-King, T. Valenti, and D.R. Mount. Development and initial evaluation of a reconstituted water formulation that better represents natural waters.  SETAC, Boston, MA, November 13-17, 2011.

Ivey, C., C. Ingersoll, N. Kemble, J. Kunz, D.R. Mount, and J.R. Hockett. Evaluation of the influence of bromide or iodide on the performance the amphipod Hyalella azteca in reconstituted waters.  SETAC, Boston, MA, November 13-17, 2011.

Hockett, J.R., T.L. Highland, D.J. Hoff, D.R. Mount, T.J. Norberg-King, and T. Valenti. Modifying foods and feeding regimes to optimize the performance of Hyalella azteca during chronic toxicity tests. SETAC, Boston, MA, November 13-17, 2011.

Cormier, S.M.., J.F. Paul, R.L. Spehar. 2008. Estimation of effect thresholds for the development of water quality criteria. In: I. Linkov, E. Ferguson, V.S. Magar, Eds., Real-Time and Deliberative Decision Making, Springer, the Netherlands, pp. 159-178.

Mattson, V.R. J.R. Hockett, T.L. Highland, G.T. Ankley, and D.R. Mount. 2008. Effects of low dissolved oxygen on organisms used in freshwater sediment toxicity tests. Chemosphere.  70:1840-1844.

Erickson, R.J. 2007. Quantification of toxic effects for water concentration-based aquatic life criteria-Part A. EPA/600/R-07/065.
http://www.epa.gov/med/pdfs/600R07065.pdf

Sediment Toxicity Identification Evaluation (TIE):  Phases I, II, and III Guidance Document.  2007.  EPA/600/R-07/080. http://www.epa.gov/nheerl/download_files/publications/Sediment TIE Guidance Document.pdf

Heinis, L.J., T.L. Highland, and D.R. Mount. 2004. A method for testing the aquatic toxicity of sediment extracts for use in identifying organic toxicants in sediments. Environmental Science & Technology 38:6256-6262

Procedures for the Derivation of Equilibrium Partitioning Sediment Benchmarks (ESBs) for the Protection of Benthic Organisms: Metal Mixtures (Cadmium, Copper, Lead, Nickel, Silver, and Zinc).  2002.  EPA/600/R-02/011. 
http://www.epa.gov/nheerl/download_files/publications/metalsESB_022405.pdf

Procedures for the Derivation of Equilibrium Partitioning Sediment Benchmarks (ESBs) for the Protection of Benthic Organisms: PAH Mixtures.  2002.  EPA/600/R-02/013.  http://www.epa.gov/nheerl/download_files/publications/PAHESB.pdf

Methods for Measuring the Toxicity and Bioaccumulation of Sediment-associated Contaminants with Freshwater Invertebrates.  2000.  EPA/600/R-99/064.  http://www.epa.gov/waterscience/cs/library/freshmanual.pdf

Project personnel


Name E-mail Phone
David Mount mount.david@epa.gov 218-529-5157
Larry Heinis    
Terry Highland    
J. Russell Hockett    
Correne Jenson    
Teresa Norberg-King    

Research project update date

June 22, 2011

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