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EPA-Expo-Box (A Toolbox for Exposure Assessors)

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Direct Measurement
(Point-of-Contact Measurement)


Durham, WF; Wolfe, HR. (1962). Measurement of the exposure of workers to pesticides. Bull World Health Organ 26: 75-91.

Fenske, RA. (1990). Nonuniform dermal deposition patterns during occupational exposure to pesticides. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 19: 332-337. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01054974 Exit Disclaimer.

Fenske, RA; Horstman, SW; Bentley, RK. (1987). Assessment of dermal exposure to chlorophenols in timber mills. Appl Ind Hyg 2: 143-147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/08828032.1987.10390541 Exit Disclaimer.

Fenske Richard, A; Leffingwell John, T; Spear Robert, C. (1985). Evaluation of Fluorescent Tracer Methodology for Dermal Exposure Assessment. In Dermal Exposure Related to Pesticide Use: American Chemical Society. http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/bk-1985-0273.ch027 Exit Disclaimer.

FIFRA SAP (Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, Science Advisory Panel). (2007). A set of scientific issues being considered by the Environmental Protection Agency regarding: Review of worker exposure assessment methods. Arlington, Virginia: FIFRA Scientific Advisory Panel Meeting.

Imm, P; Knobeloch, L; Buelow, C; Anderson, HA. (2009). Household exposures to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) in a Wisconsin Cohort. Environ Health Perspect 117: 1890-1895. http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/ehp.0900839 Exit Disclaimer.

Soutar, A. (2000). Use of patches and whole body sampling for the assessment of dermal exposure. 44: 511-518. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/annhyg/44.7.511 Exit Disclaimer.

Stockley, L. (1985). Changes in habitual food intake during weighed inventory surveys and duplication diet collections. A short review. Ecol Food Nutr 17: 263-269. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03670244.1985.9990901 Exit Disclaimer.

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (1992). Guidelines for exposure assessment [EPA Report]. (EPA/600/Z-92/001). Washington, DC. http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=15263

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (2008). Scientific and ethical approaches for observational exposure studies. (EPA/600/R-08/062). Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, National Exposure Research Laboratory. http://www.epa.gov/nerl/sots/SEAOES_doc20080707.pdf

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