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Extramural Research

2002 Level III Scientific And Technological Achievement Awards (STAA)

Grantee Research Project Results

Extramural Research Search

2003 - Overview | About STAA | Level I Awards | Level II Awards | Level III Awards | STAA Honorable Mentions

Level III awards - are for those who have accomplished an unusually notable research or technological effort. The awards are for a substantial revision or modification of a scientific/technological principle or procedure, or an important improvement to the value of a device, activity, program, or service to the public. Awarded research relates to a mission or organizational component of the EPA, or significantly affects a relevant area of science/technology.

Scientist at work  Bumblebee  ORD Research Vessel  Field sampling

Nominations Recommended for a Level III Award ($1000) -- Total of Twenty-Six

Nom. #

Titles and Citations
Submitted Papers

Eligible Authors* andNominating Organization

Award Level

Suggested Citation from
Nominating Organization

S2ER0019 Carbon Loss and Optical Property Changes During Long-Term Photochemical and Biological Degradation of Estuarine Dissolved Organic Matter
Limnology & Oceanography, 45(6):1254-1264 (2000)
Richard G. Zepp (50%)

NERL, Athens, GA
Level III Elucidating the Factors that Control Photochemically Stimulated Microbial Decomposition in the Aquatic Environment
S2ER0095 Hypoxic Effects on Growth of  'Palaemonetes vulgaris' Larvae and Other Species:  Using Constant Exposure Data to Estimate Cyclic Exposure Response
Journal of Experimental Biology and Ecology, 247:243-255 (2000)
Laura Coiro (60%)
Don Miller (15%)

NHEERL, Narragansett, RI
Level III Research Into the Hypoxic Effect on the Growth of "Palaemonetes vulgaris" Larvae and Other Species
S2ER0119 Description and Evaluation of a Short-Term Reproduction Test with the Fathead Minnow ('Pimephales promelas')
Toxicology and Chemistry, 20(6):1276-1290 (2001)
Elizabeth Makynen (20%)
Gerald T. Ankley (20%)
Kathleen Jensen (20%)
Michael Kahl (20%)
Joseph Korte (20%)

NHEERL, Duluth, MN
Level III Development of a Short-Term Fish Reproduction Assay for Identifying Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals
S2HE0026 Lung Tumor KRAS and TP53 Mutations in Non-Smokers Reflect Exposure to PAH-Rich Coal Combustion Emissions
Cancer Research, 61(18):6679-6681 (2001)
Nancy Hanley (15%)
David M. DeMarini (15%)
Judy Mumford (10%)
Marc Mass (5%)
Barbara Roop (5%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC
Level III Demonstration that Mutations in Tumors Reflect Exposure to Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
S2HE0088 (1) Hearing Loss Following Exposure During Development to Polychlorinated Biphenyls:  A Cochlear Site of Action
Hearing Research, 144(1-2):196-2034 (2000)
(2) PCBs, Thyroid Hormones and Ototoxicity in Rats:  Cross-Fostering Experiments Demonstrate the Impact of Postnatal Lactation Exposure
Toxicological Sciences, 57(1):131-140 (2000)
Kevin M. Crofton (50%)
Michele S. Taylor (20%)
Prasada R. S. Kodavanti (5%)
Laura S. Kehn (5%)
Ethel Derr-Yellin (4%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC
Level III Research on the Relevance of Animal Models of Developmental Thyroid Hormone Disruption in the Neurotoxicity of Polychlorinated Biphenyls
S2HE0102 (1) Daily Variation of Particulate Air Pollution and Poor Cardiac Autonomic Control in the Elderly
Environmental Health Perspectives, 107(7):521-525 (1999)
(2) Particulate Matter and Heart Rate Variability Among Elderly Retirees:  The Baltimore 1998 PM Study
Journal of Exposure Analysis and Environmental Epidemiology, 11(2):116-122 (2001)
John P. Creason (30%)
Debra B. Walsh (20%)
Ronald W. Williams (15%)
Lucas M. Neas (10%)
Linda Sheldon (5%)
Roy Zweidinger (5%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC
Level III The NHEERL/EBB Research Team's Innovative Epidemiologic Panel Studies of the Effect of Particulate Matter on Heart Rate Variability in the Elderly
S2HE0122 (1) The Effects of Atrazine on Female Wistar Rats:  An Evaluation of the Protocol for Assessing Pubertal Development and Thyroid Function
Toxiol. Sci., 58(2):366-376 (2000)
(2) The Effects of Atrazine on Male Wistar Rats:  An Evaluation of the Protocol for Assessing Pubertal Development and Thyroid Function
Toxicol. Sci., 58(1):50-59 (2000)
(3) Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals:  Prepubertal Exposures and Effects on Sexual Maturation and Thyroid Function in the Male Rat.  A Focus on the EDSTAC Recommendations
Reviews in Toxicol., 30(2):197-252 (2000)
(4) Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals:  Prepubertal Exposures and Effects on Sexual Maturation and Thyroid Function in the Female Rat.  A Focus on the EDSTAC Recommendations
Reviews in Toxicol., 30(2):135-196 (2000)
Susan Laws (25%)
Tammy Stoker (25%)
Jerome Goldman (20%)
Ralph Cooper (15%)
Janet Ferrell (5%)
Dorothy Guidici (5%)
Judith Schmid (1%)
Earl Gray (1%)
Robert Kavlock (1%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC
Level III The Effects of Endocrine Disruptors on Male and Female Pubertal Development
S2MM0032 Characterization of 'Cryptosporidium parvum' and 'Cryptosporidium muris' by Matrix Assisted Laser Desorption/Ionization Time of Flight (MALDI-TOF) Mass Spectrometry
Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 66(11):4720-4724 (2000)
Matthew L. Magnuson (34%)
James H. Owens (33%)
Catherine A. Kelty (33%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH
Level III Advances in Mass Spectrometry of Microbiological Species Such as "Cryptosporidium parvum" Oocysts for Risk Management Research
S2MM0034 (1) Interferences Due to Ozone-Scavenging Reagents in the GC-ECD Determination of Aldehydes and Ketones as the O-(2,3,4,5,6-Pentafluorobenzyl) Oximes
Ozone:  Science & Engineering, 22(5):551-561 (2000)
(2) Ozone Scavenging Reagents Suitable for Use in the Quantitative Determination of Aldehydes as the O-(2,3,4,5,6-Pentafluorobenzyl) Oximes by GC-ECD
Water Research, 34(9):2610-2613 (2000)
Edward Todd Urbansky (70%)
Matthew L. Magnuson (10%)
Michael S. Elovitz (10%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH
Level III Advancing the Analytical Chemistry Associated with Risk Management Research on Ozonation By-Products
S2MM0035 (1) Influences  of Metal Cations on the Determination of the O-oxocarboxylates as the Methyl Esters of the Oximes by Gas Chromatography:  The Importance of Accounting for Matrix Effects
Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 2(4):334-338 (2000)
(2) Comparative Methodology in the Determination of O-Oxocarboxylates in Aqueous Solution:  Ion Chromatography Versus Gas Chromatography After Oximation, Extraction and Esterification
Journal of Chromatography A, 867(1-2):143-149 (2000)
Edward Todd Urbansky (90%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH
Level III Advances in the Science of Measuring Oxocarboxylate Concentrations in Ozonated Potable Water
S2MM0036 Optimization of Raman Spectroscopy for Speciation of Organics in Water
Applied Spectroscopy, 55(6):750-766 (2001)
Timothy W. Collette (75%)

NERL, Athens, GA
Level III Developing Definitive Tools for Organic Chemical Speciation, Leading to More Certain Exposure Analysis
S2MM0038 (1) Measurement of Volatile Organic Compounds by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Compendium Method TO-17:  Evaluation of Performance Criteria
Journal of Chromatography A, 183(N/A):101-111 (1998)
(2) Ozone Reaction with N-Aldehydes (N=4-10), Benzaldehyde, Ethanol, Isopropanol, and N-Propanol Adsorbed on a Dual-Bed Graphitized Carbon-Carbon Molecular Sieve Adsorbent Cartridge
Journal of Chromatography A, 929:89-100 (2001)
William A. McClenny (50%)
Maribel Colon (40%)

NERL, Research Triangle Park, NC
Level III Advanced Research on Use of Solid Adsorbents and Associated Analytical Equipment for Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds in Ambient Air
S2MM0039 Comparison of Sampling Methods for Semi-Volatile Organic Carbon (SVOC) Associated with PM2.5
Aerosol Science & Technology, 34:9-22 (2001)
Joellen Lewtas (50%)
Derrick Booth (10%)
Steve Reimer (10%)

NERL, Research Triangle Park, NC
Level III Recognition of Scientific Contributions to the Measurement of Semi-Volatile Organic Carbon Associated with Airborne Fine Particles
S2MM0043 Determination of Perchlorate at Parts-Per-Billion Levels in Plants by Ion Chromatography
Journal of Chromatography, 898(2):193-199 (2000)
J. Jackson Ellington (75%)

NERL, Athens, GA
Level III Meeting a Critical Need for an Analytical Method for Perchlorate at Parts-Per-Billion Levels in Environmental Samples
S2MM0045 Ecological Condition of the Estuaries of the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of the United States
Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 20(1):99-106 (2001)
J. Kevin Summers (100%)

NHEERL, Gulf Breeze, FL
Level III Developing and Applying Probabilistic Monitoring Approaches to Assess the Condition of the Nation's Estuarine Resources
S2MM0047 (1) HPLC Determination of Cyanuric Acid in Swimming Pool Waters Using Phenyl and Confirmatory Porous Graphitic Carbon Columns
Analytical Chemistry, 73(14):3358-3364 (2001)
(2) Rapid Analysis of Cyanuric Acid in Swimming Pool Waters by High Performance Liquid Chromatography
Chromatographia, 53(7/8):454-455 (2001)
(3) An HPLC Method with UV Detection, PH Control, and Reductive Ascorbic Acid for Cyanuric Acid Analysis in Water
Analytical Chemistry, 72(23):5820-5828 (2000)
Ricardo Cantu (45%)
Otis Evans (30%)
Fred K. Kawahara (5%)
Matthew L. Magnuson (5%)
Jody A. Shoemaker (5%)
Larry J. Wymer (5%)
Alfred P. Dufour (5%)

NERL, Cincinnati, OH
Level III Improved Methods to Assess the Magnitude of Human Ingestion of Recreational Water During Swimming Activities
S2MM0134 Assessing the Effects of Natural and Anthropogenic Stressors in the Potomac Estuary:  Implications for Long-Term Monitoring
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 63:237-251 (2000)
Henry Walker (70%)
James Latimer (15%)
Edward Dettman (15%)

NHEERL, Narragansett, RI
Level III Advancing an Integrated Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Approach
S2RA0070 Sewer and Tank Flushing for Sediment, Corrosion, and Pollution Control
Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 127(3):194-201 (2001)
Chi-Yuan Fan (65%)
Richard Field (15%)

NRMRL, Edison, NJ
Level III Critical Review of Sewer Sediment Impacts and Control Methods
S2RA0073 The Role of Chlorine in Dioxin Formation
Transactions of the Institute of Chemical Engineers (Trans IChem E), 78(Part B):47-52 (2000)
Brian K. Gullett (70%)

NRMRL, Research Triangle Park, NC
Level III Review and Synthesis of Research Relating to Chlorination Mechanisms During Formation of Toxic Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxin and Polychlorinated Dibenzofuran
S2RA0074 (1) Expeditious Solvent-Free Organic Syntheses Using Microwave Irradiation
ACS Symposium series Book Chapter-"Green Chemical Sntheses and Processes", (Series 767):292-312 (2000)
(2) Solvent-Free Accelerated Organic Syntheses Using Microwaves
Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC), 73(1):193-198 (2001)
(3) Microwave Organic Synthesis
McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology 2002, :223-225 (2001)
Rajender S. Varma (100%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH
Level III Exceptional Technical Achievement in Identifying and Summarizing a 'Greener' Approach to Chemical Processing
S2RA0077 Ozone Depletion and the Air-Sea Exchange of Greenhouse and Chemically Reactive Trace Gases
Chemosphere-Global Change Science, 2(2):137-149 (2000)
Richard G. Zepp (50%)

NERL, Athens, GA
Level III Reviewing and Synthesizing Information Related to Effects of Ozone Depletion on Air-Sea Exchange of Trace Gases
S2RA0090 Hypersensitivity and Asthma
Book Chapter in: Pulmoary Immunotoxicology, :107-126 (2000)
Ian Gilmour (100%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC
Level III Reviewing and Integrating State-of-the-Art Knowledge on Mechanisms of Allergic Lung Disease
S2SS0084 Quality Science in the Courtroom:  U.S. EPA Data Quality and Peer Review Policies and Procedures Compared to Daubert Factors
Environmental Forensics, 1(4):197-203 (2000)
George M. Brilis (60%)
Jeffrey C. Worthington (30%)

OTHER, Washington, DC
Level III Equating EPA Policies and Procedures to U.S. Supreme Court Sound Science Criteria
S2TF0059 Limitations of ROI Testing for Venting Design:  Description of an Alternative Approach Based on Attainment of a Critical Pore-Gas Velocity in Contaminated Media
Ground Water Monitoring and Remediation, 21(1):97-114 (2001)
Dominic C. DiGiulio (85%)

Level III New Method of Design for Soil Venting Systems
S2TF0064 (1) Uptake and Phytotransformation of Organophosphorus Pesticides by Axenically Cultivated Aquatic Plants
Journal of Agriculture & Food Chemistry, 48(12):6114-6120 (2000)
(2) Uptake and Phytotransformation of o,p'-DDT and p,p'-DDT by Axenically Cultivated Aquatic Plants
Journal of Agriculture & Food Chemistry, 48(12):6121-6127 (2000)
A. Wayne Garrison (20%)
N. Lee Wolfe (20%)
Christopher Mazur (10%)

NERL, Athens, GA
Level III Demonstration of Plant Mediated Accumulation and Metabolism of Pesticides
S2TF0126 A Screening-Level Model Evaluation of Atrazine in the Lake Michigan Basin
Journal of Great Lakes Research, 25(1):94-106 (1999)
Kenneth R. Rygwelski (60%)
William L. Richardson (20%)
Douglas D. Endicott (20%)

NHEERL, Grosse IIe, MI
Level III Development and Implementation of a Comprehensive Mass Balance Model of the Herbicide Atrazine Within the Lake Michigan Watershed

Key to Acronyms used in the above Table

NERL National Exposure Research Laboratory

NHEERL National Health and Environmental Effects Laboratory

NRMRL National Risk Management Research Laboratory

OAQPS Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards

OPP Office of Pesticide Programs

ORIA Office of Radiation and Indoor Air

ORCR Office of Resource Conservation and Recovery

OSCP Office of Science Coordination and Policy

*Note: The percentages given after name represent the current percent of the total level of effort as documented in the EPA nomination.

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