Superfund Innovative Technology Evaluation (SITE)
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This document is an evaluation of the performance of the Babcock & Wilcox (B&W) Cyclone Furnace Vitrification Technology and its applicability as a treatment technique for soils contaminated with heavy metals, radionuclides, and organics. Both the technical and economic aspects of the technology were examined.A demonstration of the B&W vitrification technology was conducted in the fall of 1991 using B&W's pilot-scale unit located at its Alliance Research Center in Alliance, Ohio. Operational data and sampling and analysis information were carefully compiled to establish a database against which other available data, as well as the vendor's claims for the technology, could be compared and evaluated. Conclusions concerning the technology's suitability for use in immobilizing metal and radionuclides in soils as well as destroying organic contaminants were reached. Extrapolations regarding applications to different contaminants and soil types were made. The following conclusions were derived primarily from the Demonstration Test results and supported by other available data: