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  Case Studies: Low-VOC/HAP Wood Furniture Coatings (EPA/600/R-00/043) May 2000
Project Summary (4 pp, 44 KB) (EPA/600/SR-00/043) August 2000

This report gives results of a study of wood furniture manufacturing facilities that had converted at least one of their primary coatings to a low-volatile organic compound (VOC)/hazardous air pollutant (HAP) coating, i.e., a high-solids, waterborne, ultraviolet (UV)-curable, or powder coating. Twenty-five case studies were developed based on visits to the facilities and discussions with plant personnel. The case studies identify:

  • Products manufactured
  • Types of low-VOC/HAP coatings implemented
  • Required equipment and process changes
  • Problems encountered during the conversions
  • Advantages and disadvantages of the low-VOC/HAP coatings
  • Customer feedback
  • Costs associated with conversions
  • Emissions and waste reductions

This report includes general information about the wood furniture manufacturing industry’s typical emissions, applicable regulations, and a discussion of each coating technology and the facilities’ experiences with the low-VOC/HAP coatings.

The main goals of the study were to demonstrate that low-VOC/HAP coatings could be used successfully by some wood furniture manufacturers and to provide a resource for assisting other manufacturers in converting to low-VOC/HAP coatings.

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