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EPA/600/R-10/119

  Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) Program Case Studies: Demonstration Program Outcomes Volume III (EPA/600/R-10/119) September 2010
Environmental Technology Verification (ETV) Program Case Studies: Demonstrating Program Outcomes

This document includes two case studies featuring the following ETV-verified technology areas: decentralized wastewater treatment technologies (Chapter 2) and waste-to-energy technologies for power generation and heat recovery (Chapter 3). Each chapter also includes a complete list of references. A set of appendices provide a detailed discussion of the methods used to estimate outcomes in the case studies. In addition to outcomes information presented for the technology categories above, Appendix C lists recent examples of ETV outcomes—how ETV data, reports, and protocols have been used in regulation, permitting, purchasing, and other similar activities— for other technologies or technology areas.

Each case study begins with an introduction, followed by three sections. The first section,"Environmental, Health, and Regulatory Background," describes the pollutant or environmental issue(s) that the technology is designed to address, human health and environmental impacts associated with the pollutant or issue, and regulatory programs or voluntary initiatives that apply. The second section, "Technology Description," describes the technology(ies), identifies what makes the technology(ies) innovative, and summarizes the performance results as verified by ETV. The third section, "Outcomes," presents the ETV Program's estimates of actual and potential outcomes from verification and from applying the technology. These outcomes may include:

  • Pollutant reduction outcomes, such as tons of pollutant emissions reduced by potential applications of the technology
  • Resource conservation outcomes, such as the types of natural resources that the technology can conserve
  • Economic and financial outcomes, such as the economic value of costs savings to users of the technology
  • Regulatory compliance outcomes, such as how the technology can assist users in complying with federal and state regulations
  • Technology acceptance and use outcomes, such as evidence that ETV verification has led to increased use of the technology
  • Scientific advancement outcomes, such as improvements in technology performance and standardization of technology evaluation or development of a protocol that has advanced efforts to standardize protocols across programs.

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